A Massachusetts court ruled that unions were legal.
Knights of Labor
Included women, African-Americans, and immigrants, both skilled and unskiled. by 1886, they boasted a membership of seven hundred thousand. They won several important strikes.
The American Federation of Labor
Founded by Samual Gompers, skilled workers by crafts. Fought for higher wages, shorter hours, and improved working conditions through collective bargaining.
Striking McCormick Harvester Workers clashed with police, four strikers were killed.
United Mine Workers
Founded to improve wages and working conditions of coal mine workers.
The HomeStead Strike
Steel workers in Homestead, Pennsylvaina struck against the Carnegie Steel plant because the company reduced their wages. The Homestad Strike in 1892 became violent when the steel company hired private police to protect the strike breakers. In the ensuing confrontation, nine strikers and seven police oficers were killed.
American Railway Union
Railroad fireman Eugene V. Debs founded the American Railway Unions
Manufactured sleeping and dining cars, went on strike because their wages had been cut. American Railways refused o use pullman cars out of sympanthy for the workers.
The International Workers of the World
Organized in 1905 for unskilled workers and immigrants, advocated one large national union that would hold strikes and sabotage to achive goals as opposed to the more peaceful American Federation of Labor
Allowed picketing and limited the use of injunctions in labor disputes
The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
Created by Philip Randolp
National Labor Relations Act
Protected the rights of workers to organize and elect represenitives for collective bargaining. Also in this year the CIO, Congress of Industrial Organixzation, was formed by several AFL unions to promote unionism in industry.
The Labor Standards Act
Established minimum wage , and time and a half for over fourty ours a work week.
Fair Labor Act
An amendment that prohibited child labor
AFL and CIO
Merged in 1955
Ait Traffic Controllers
President Reagan fired 11,500 air traffic controllers for striking in violation of a no-strike clause in their contract.