The Cold War

Timeline created by Leire Díez
In History
  • The Greek Civil War

    The Greek Civil War
    During the Greek Civil War the British and the USA sent mlitary support to the Greek government to help fight Greek communist insurgents. It was the first example of post-war communists insurgency and it established the way that the two superpowers would behave for the next forty years.
  • The Berlin Blockade

    The Berlin Blockade
    Stalin´s blockade in Berlin meant that people and goods could not travel freely through the city. It also meant that western powers could not reach their zone in Berlin because it was in the middle of the Soviet zone
  • The Nuclear Race (MAD)

    The Nuclear Race (MAD)
    In August 1949, the Soviet Union detonated its first atomic bomb. This event ended America's monopoly of atomic weaponry and Made the Arm Race the focus of the Cold War. Both the USA and the USSR competed to build more and better nuclear weapons than each other
  • The Hungarian Uprising

    The Hungarian Uprising
    After the dead of Stalin the nationalists of Hungary saw a chance to free the country from the Soviets and regain the control. They rose up in October against the "puppet" government and stalled their own communist leader, Imre Nagy.
  • The Vietnam War

    The Vietnam War
    The war started in 1959, when the north part wanted to unify the country under a communist government and the United States sent troops to Vietnam, to stop the spread of the communism.
  • The Berlin Wall

    The Berlin Wall
    At two o'clock in the morning of 13 August 1961, East German soldiers created a fence between the Soviet and the Western sectors of Berlin, that was after replaced with a wall of blocks, to stop the emigration to the West. It ended all free movement from East to West.
  • The Cuban Missile Crisis

    The Cuban Missile Crisis
    In 1962, a USA spy plane took photographs of several nuclear missile bases being built in Cuba. The nuclear missiles would be brought in ships from Russia, because the Americans had built a nuclear base in Turkey. The USA began a naval blockade of Cuba, but Russian ships continued to sail towards there. People thought that a nuclear bomb was really beginning.
  • The invasion of Czechoslovakia

    The invasion of Czechoslovakia
    On January of 1968, Czekoslovakia was under Alexander Dubcek. Through Dubcek's relaxation of censorship, the Czech opposition was able to launch several attacks on the coommunist leadership. This period of political liberalization was abruptly ended on August 1968, when the USSR led a Warsaw Pact invasion into the country
  • The invasion of Afghanistan

    The invasion of Afghanistan
    On 25th December 1979 the USSR sent troops to Afghanistan, to help the Communist government against the Mujahideen (anti-communism muslim guerrillas). The USA viewed the conflict as an integral of the Cold War and provided money, arms and equipment to the Mujahideen. During the war, the USSR troops controlled most of the urban areas and the Mujahideen moved with some freedom througout the countryside.
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    The Greek Civil War

    After the evacuation of German forces from Greece in 1944, there were two groups that wanted to take power in Greece: the monarchists and the communists. A civi war soon developed. The Communists were supported by the USSR and the monarchists by USA and Britain. This war established the way that the two superpowers (USSR and USA) would behave for the next forty years.
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    The Berlin Blockade

    Stalin´s blockade in Berlin meant that people and goods couldn't travel freely through the city and western powers couldn't reach their zone in Berlin. In West Berlin people was worried that they wouldn't have enough food or medicine, and the rest of Europe was worried about a possible war. American, British and French brought needed supplies to the city during this period. Stalin ended the blockade in 1949, Berlin was divided into east (communist) and west (capitalist).
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    The Berlin Wall

    After the Airlift, the zones of the Western Allies were united in the West Germany and the Soviet zone became the East Germany. The West was always the more prosperous. Many East Germans therefore left to live in the West.
    At two o'clock in the morning of 13 August 1961, East German soldiers created a fence between the Soviet and the Western sectors of Berlin, that was after replaced with a wall of blocks, to stop the emigration to the West. It ended all free movement from East to West.
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    The Nuclear Race (MAD)

    In August 1949, the Soviet Union detonated its first atomic bomb. This event ended America's monopoly of atomic weaponry and Made the Arm Race the focus of the Cold War. Both the USA and the USSR competed to build more and better nuclear weapons than each other. The Cuban Missile Crisis taught both sides that risking nuclear war because of political objectives was simply too dangerous
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    The Hungarian Uprising

    Hungary had been controlled by Russia since 1945. The Hungarians hated the Russian control of the economy, the schools taught, their freedom and their religion. After the death of Stalin in October 1956, students, workers and soldiers attacked the Russian soldiers. The 28th that mounth the Russian army pulled out of Budappest, but, five days later, 1000 Russian tanks entered in Budapest and destroyed the Hungarian army. The repression of Hungary returned
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    The Vietnam War

    After the Genova Acords Vietnam was divided in the north part with a communist government and the south (called themselves democratic). The war started in 1959, when the north part wanted to unify the country under a communist government and the United States sent troops to Vietnam, to stop the spread of the communism. After a brief period of peace, the war ended in 1975 North Vietnam captured Saigon, pushing South Vietnam's surrenders and reuniting the coutry under communist leadership
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    The Cuban Missile Crisis

    In 1959 Fidel Castro overthrew American dictator and set up a communist regime. In 1961 USA tried to invade Cuba, but it failed. In 1962, a US spy plane saw a several nuclear missile bases being built in Cuba. The nuclear missiles were brought in ships from Russia, because USA had built a nuclear base in Turkey. The USA began a naval blockade of Cuba, but Russian ships continued to sail towards there. The conflict ended in October, when bouth countries promised to wthdraw their nuclear bases
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    The invasion of Czechoslovakia

    On January of 1968, Alexander Dubcek proposed a policy with less censorship and more freedom. Through Dubcek's relaxation of censorship, the Czech opposition attacked the coommunist leadership. This period of political liberalization was known as "Prague Spring" and it was abruptly ended on August 1968, when the USSR led a Warsaw Pact invasion into the country. The government decided no to resist the attack. In 1969, Dubcek was removed and Czekoslovakia was once more under Soviet control
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    The invasion of Afghanistan

    In December 1979 the USSR sent troops to Afghanistan, to help the Communist government against the Mujahideen. The USA provided money, arms and equipment to the Mujahideen. During the war, the USSR troops controlled the urban areas and the Mujahideen moved with some freedom througout the country. In 1988 the USSR agreed with USA, Pakistan and Afghanistan to withdraw the Soviet troops, but the civil war continued between the Mujahideen and the government until 1992 with the Taliban government.