The Classical Era (1730 - 1810)

  • Christoph Willibald Gluck (1714 - 1787)

    Christoph Willibald Gluck (1714 - 1787)
    A prominent composer of Italian and French Opera. He gained prominence through patronage of the Habsburg court in Vienna. some notable works he wrote are "Orfeo ed Euridice" and "Alceste".
  • Leopold Mozart (1719 - 1787)

    Leopold Mozart (1719 - 1787)
    German composer, teacher, and father of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
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    The First Great Awakening

    A series of revival in Christian idealism that swept Britain and the thirteen American colonies.
  • Joseph Haydn (1732 - 1809)

    Joseph Haydn (1732 - 1809)
    An Austrian composer who was well known for developing chamber ensemble music and was given the name "The Father of the Symphony" and "The Father of the String Quartet".
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    Letters Concerning the English Nation

    A series of essays written by Voltaire in which he talks about his experience living in England. It was seen as an attack on the French system of government as he criticized it and favored the British system.
  • Frederick the Great comes to power in Prussia

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    Famine in Ireland

    Potato famine in Ireland kills roughly 10 percent of the population.
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    War of Austrian Succession

  • Ridolfo Luigi Boccherini (1743 - 1805)

    Ridolfo Luigi Boccherini (1743 - 1805)
    Composed Italian and Spanish music. Wrote his String Quartet in E and Cello Concerto in B flat major.
  • Chavalier de Saint-Georges (1745 - 1799)

    Chavalier de Saint-Georges (1745 - 1799)
    French composer, violinist, and conductor. The first classical composer with African ancestry. He composed many string quartets and various other instrumental pieces.
  • Antonio Salieri (1750 - 1825)

    Antonio Salieri (1750 - 1825)
    Salieri was an Italian composer, teacher, and conductor. He was responsible for advancements in late 18th-century opera and many
  • Muzio Clementi (1752 - 1832)

    Muzio Clementi (1752 - 1832)
    An Italian composer who wrote English music. He developed a fluent, legato, but technical style which would later be adopted by later composers. He was a big influence for Beethoven and Chopin.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 - 1791)

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 - 1791)
    A prodigy for music at a young age. Composed many famous concertos, symphonies, and operas. He composed part of the "Requiem" as he was close to his early death.
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    Seven Years War

    First global conflict in history between Great Britain and France.
  • George III becomes the King of Britain

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    Catherine the Great rules Russia

  • Treaty of Paris

    Ends the Seven Years War
  • Stamp Act

    Imposed tax on printed materials by the British on the American colonies.
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 - 1827)

    Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 - 1827)
    A German composer and pianist who was widely influential in the Classical and Romantic periods. His works remain some of the most played in the era.
  • Declaration of Independence

    The United States officially declare independence from Great Britain.
  • Johann Nepomuk Hummel (1778 - 1837)

    Johann Nepomuk Hummel (1778 - 1837)
    Austrian composer and pianist. His music embodied the transition between the Classic era and the Romantic era.
  • Treaty of Paris (1783)

    Formally ends the Revolutionary War.
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    The French Revolution