The Classical Era (1730s-1810s)

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    P. Metastasio

    Court port in Vienna, librettist, set standard for opera style circa 1750
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    C. Burney

    Organist, amateur composer, writer and music scholar he wrote many books on music
  • First Viennese school

    Three main classical composers: Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven (and Schubert but he’s not classical)
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    The Classical Era

    Homophony, melodies favored symmetry, diatonic harmony, larger forms, emotional balance and restraint, tonic and dominant movement
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    The Rococo Style

    Not really a part of the classical period
    Ornate style: scrolls were used, F. Couperin wrote these a lot
    Also used trills, turns and grace notes
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    F. Haydn

    Composer, composed many string quartets, one of the three main classical composers
    He wrote 104 symphonies
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    G. Pasisello

    Italian composer, wrote 94 operas
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    W. Billings

    One of the first American composers, a tanner, taught himself to compose
  • String Quartet

    Important chamber group, Haydn was a very important composer of this genre
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    A. Salieri

    Successful court composer in Vienna, composed many operas in Italian German and French
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    Maria Anna Mozart

    Wolfgangs sister, also a child prodigy and accomplished female composer
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    W. Mozart

    Child prodigy, musician and composer, he knew he was really good, he could write down music without any mistakes
    Showed that you can write German opera
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    M. Paradis

    Accomplished female composer and excelled pianist and organist, she was blind
  • Opera Buffa

    Comic operas;
    Le nozze di figaro (1786)
    Cody Fan Tutte (1790)
    Don Giovanni (1787)
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    Industrial Revolution

    Made mass production possible
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    L. Beethoven

    Fantastic composer, wrote in the classical era and romantic era, wrote sonatas, symphonies, concertos and quartets, was hard of hearing, not fully deaf
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    The American Revolution

  • First patented version of a piano

    In London
  • Turkish Janissary Style

    Popular in Vienna during Haydn and Mozart’s life in the 1780s/90s
  • Mozart four Horn Concertos

    Prominent and widely known horn concertos
    Horn Concerto No. 1 in D major, K. 412
    Horn Concerto No. 2 in E-flat major, K. 417
    Horn Concerto No. 3 in E-flat major, K. 447
    Horn Concerto No. 4 in E-flat major, K. 495
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    The French Revolution

  • Haydn’s Trumpet Concerto in E-flat Major

    3 movements: Allegro, Andante, Allegro
    Sonata rondo form