The Classical Era (1730s-1810s)

  • Rameau (1683-1764)

    Rameau (1683-1764)
    French composer; theorist; tried to establish a rational foundation for harmonic practice
  • Metatasio (1698-1782)

    Metatasio (1698-1782)
    Court poet in Vienna; most important author of librettos for the 18th century
  • Sammartini (1700/01-1775)

    Sammartini (1700/01-1775)
    Galant Italian composer and innovator of the symphony in Milan, 1730s+
  • Farinelli (1705-82)

    Farinelli (1705-82)
    One of the most famous castrati in the 18th century; trained by Porpora
  • Richter (1709-89)

    Richter (1709-89)
    The inventor of the string quartet genre
  • Burney (1726-1814)

    Burney (1726-1814)
    Music historian, author, and organist who traveled Europe and wrote about his observations
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    Classical Style Musical Traits

    -Singable melodies
    -Symmetrical phrasing
    -Slower rhythms
    -Easy accompanimental figures
    -larger forms
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    The Rococo Style

    "Rococo"= "Rocaille" (the french word" meaning "scroll". Rococo is "over the top" in ornamentation and decoration. French composer Couperin wrote in this entertaining style.
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    Sonata Form

    1)Exposition- exposed to themes
    2)Development- can use any themes, new or old; can modulate through any key but must lead back to tonic
    3)Recapitulation- does not modulate, stays in tonic to the end
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    Changes to Form

    Classical style: melodic ideas or themes are used as compositional building blocks. Melodies consist of motifs. Themes are expanded by varying the melody, rhythm, or harmony through thematic development.
  • Haydn (1732-1809)

    Haydn (1732-1809)
    A primary Austrian composer who served as innovator and mover within the new classic style; teacher; keyboardist and violinist
  • J.C. Bach (1735-82)

    J.C. Bach (1735-82)
    Worked in Milan and London; son of J. S. Bach; friend and influence to Mozart; set up concerts in London with Abel
  • Paisiello (1740-1816)

    Paisiello (1740-1816)
    a very good Italian composer; wrote 94 operas
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    A reaction against the strict and learned style of counterpoint. This natural style moved the German speaking areas towards the classical style.
  • Boccherini (1743-1805)

    Boccherini (1743-1805)
    Italian composer and cellist; prolific
  • Billings (1746-1800)

    Billings (1746-1800)
    Most prominent composer in the New America; singing teacher; not a strong composer
  • Goethe (1749-1832)

    Goethe (1749-1832)
    German poet and writer; he was a literary force behind Romanticism; composers continue to set his works to music
  • Iron Act

    Iron Act
    Passed by the British Parliament, it was a dual purpose statue that sought to encourage the production of raw iron in North America while placing limitations on the manufacturing of iron products in colonies.
  • Salieri (1750-1825)

    Salieri (1750-1825)
    Italian composer and teacher; he functioned in the transitional periods between the galant and the classic and the romantic; very successful
  • Maria Anna Mozart (1751-1829)

    Maria Anna Mozart (1751-1829)
    Mozart's older sister:often described as equal in talent and skill; toured with Mozart during her childhood
  • Clementi (1752-1832)

    Clementi (1752-1832)
    English composer of Italian birth; keyboardist, teacher, music publisher, and piano manufacturer
  • Mozart (1756-91)

    Mozart (1756-91)
    Austrian composer; child prodigy; wrote in all genres; best innovations were in opera; represents the epitome of classical style;
  • Paradis (1759-1824)

    Paradis (1759-1824)
    Excellent pianist and organist; renowned for her remarkable musical memory; blind
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    American War of Independence

    Due to colonial opposition to British attempts to impose greater control over the colonies and to make them repay the crown for its defense of them during the French and Indian War.
  • The Declaration of Independence

    The Declaration of Independence
    Announced the separation of 13 North American British colonies from Great Britain.
  • The Piano

    The Piano
    The first patented version of a piano was in London in 1777.
  • Piano Concerto in G major

    Composed by Mozart for a student of his named Babette
  • Steam Boat

    Steam Boat
    John Fitch was the first man to build a steam boat in the U.S, which sailed down the Delaware River.
  • Metric System

    Metric System
    Adopted by France, an international decimal system of weights and measures based on meter for length and kg for mass.
  • Haydn Trumpet Concerto in E-flat Major

    3 movements: Allegro,Andante, Allegro; Sonta rondo form: ABABAC (development) ABA