The Benelux countries : Luxembourg, Belgium and Netherlands

  • Jan 1, 1568

    Eighty Year War

    Eighty Year War
    The Eighty Years' War, or Dutch War of Independence, began as a revolt of the Seventeen Provinces against Philip II of Spain, the sovereign of the Habsburg,Netherlands. Philip II sent out his armies and regained control over most of the rebelling provinces.
  • Independance

    The nations Independance was not completely established until after the Thirty Year War when the countries rise as a commercial and maritime power began
  • Belgium's Independence

    Belgium's Independence
    Belgium declared their independence from the Netherlands. It was delcared by the London Conference which got rid of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
  • Belgiums flag was adopted

    Belgiums flag was adopted
    The Belgium flag and its vertical design was based on the flag of France. The colors were taken from the colors of the Duchy of Brabant. Yellow is a symbol of generosity. Red is hardiness, bravery, and strength. Black is meant for determination.
  • King Leopold I becomes King

    King Leopold I becomes King
    King Leopold I helped stengthen the nation's new parliamentary system. He strengthened the Belgian army and got assistance from France and England.
  • Crisis of 1867 and Treaty of London.

    Crisis of 1867 and Treaty of London.
    In 1867, there was a diplomatic confrontation called The Luxembourg Crisis, between France and Prussia over the political status of Luxembourg. The confrontation almost led to war between the two parties, but was peacefully resolved by the Treaty of London on May, 11, 1867.
  • Germany invades Belgium

    Germany invades Belgium
    Germany wanted to invade France and inorder to do that, it called for an attack through Belgium. Germany wanted to advoid the heavily defended Franco-German border. Belgium was neutral and wasn't expecting the attack. At that time Belgium had a treaty with Great Britain so Great Britain declared war on Germany.
  • Germany Invades Belgium

    Germany Invades Belgium
    Germany's invasion of Belgium off World War I. The Treaty of Versailles ( gave the areas of Eupen, Malmédy, and Moresnet to Belgium. Leopold III succeeded Albert, king during World War I, In World War II, Belgium was overwhelmed by Nazi Germany, and Leopold III was held prisoner.
  • Occupation of Luxembourg

    Occupation of Luxembourg
    Outbreak of World War I. Luxembourg is occupied by Germany until 1918.
  • Economic union

    Economic union
    Luxembourg enters economic union with Belgium. The use of the Belgian currency in Luxembourg is permitted.
  • Voting Rights

    Voting Rights
    Dutch Woman get to Vote
  • Avoid Wars

    Avoid Wars
    At the outbreak of World War 2. The Netherlands declares its neutrality
  • Germany invades Belgium again

    Germany invades Belgium again
    Germany invades Belgium once again, drawing them into WWII. Again Germany wanted to attack France so they went through Belgium again just like in WWI. The operation was called Fall Gelb by the Germans.
  • Belgium Surrenders to Germany

    Belgium Surrenders to Germany
    Belgium surrender after a German invasion devasted the Belgium country. Belgium did have assistance from allies near then but it wasn't enough to stop the power of the Germany army. After King Leopold III, realized that his army would be defeated he went to the Germans and surrendered his country to them.
  • Luxembourg became a member of NATO.

    Luxembourg became a member of NATO.
    On 4 April 1949, Luxembourg became a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), an intergovernmental military alliance. The organization constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party.
  • Baudouin becomes King of Belgium

    Baudouin becomes King of Belgium
    Leopold III renounced the throne of Belgium. He passed the throne down to his son Prince Baudouin. Leopold was being called a trader for calling a quits on the war against Germany. So he gave up being a king after him and his wife were getting attacked by Belgians.
  • Maastricht Treaty

    Maastricht Treaty
    In 1992, Luxembourg adopts the Maastricht Treaty. The treaty referred to as the pillar structure of the European Union. This conception of the Union divided it into the European Community (EC) pillar, the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) pillar, and the Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) pillar.
  • Money

    Netherlands and 10 other EU nations began using Euro monetary system
  • Money

    The euro banknotes and coins were introduced in Luxembourg on 1 January 2002, after a transitional period of three years when the euro was the official currency but only existed as 'book money'. Joining together with other European countries makes the money of every single country stronger. Using the same currency in different European countries will help when people or companies use money, like with trading, investing, and traveling.
  • Foundation of Luxembourg

    Foundation of Luxembourg
    Luxembourg, once part of Charlemagne's empire, became an independent state in 963, when Siegfried, count of Ardennes, became sovereign of Lucilinburhuc (“Little Fortress”)