The Baroque

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In Music
  • Period: 1561 to

    EARLY BAROQUE: Jacopo Peri

    One of the founders of opera; significant contribution to monody and the recitative style
  • Period: 1564 to

    EARLY BAROQUE: William Shakespeare

    English playwright and poet
  • Period: 1567 to

    EARLY BAROQUE: Claudio Monteverdi

    Most important composer of the Early Baroque era
  • Period: to

    EARLY BAROQUE: Girolamo Frescobaldi

    First modern keyboard virtuoso and composer
  • Period: to

    MIDDLE BAROQUE: Henry Schuts

    Most important German composer of Middle Baroque
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    A drama that is sung throughout, accompanied by instruments and theoretically staged.
  • EARLY BAROQUE: Euridice

    First extant Opera by Jacopo Peri, with additional music by Giulio Caccini. It is the earliest surviving opera, Peri's earlier Dafne being lost
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    EARLY BAROQUE: Giacomo Carissimi

    One of the greatest Italian composers of the 17th century, chiefly notable for his oratorios and secular cantatas.
  • EARLY BAROQUE: L'orfeo

    Opera by Monterverdi. It is based on the Greek legend of Orpheus, and tells the story of his descent to Hades and his fruitless attempt to bring his dead bride Eurydice back to the living world.
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    EARLY BAROQUE: The Thirsty Year War

    A 17th-century religious conflict fought primarily in central Europe. It remains one of the longest and most brutal wars in human history, with more than 8 million casualties resulting from military battles as well as from the famine and disease caused by the conflict.
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    EARLY BAROQUE: Barbara Strozzi

    Virtuoso singer and most prolific composer of cantatas in the 17th century
  • Period: to

    EARLY BAROQUE: Giovanni Legrenzi

    Italian composer, one of the greatest of the Venetian Baroque. His trio sonatas are among the best chamber music of the period before Arcangelo Corelli.
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    Italian-born French court and operatic composer who from 1662 completely controlled French court music and whose style of composition was imitated throughout Europe.
  • EARLY BAROQUE: First Opera Theater Opens in Venice

    Teatro di San Cassiano in Venice was the first public opera house
  • EARLY BAROQUE: Arias Grow Popular

    An aria is a long song accompanying a solo voice. An aria is usually in an opera.
  • EARLY BAROQUE: "The Coronation of Poppea"

    Monteverdi's final opera
  • Period: to

    MIDDLE BAROQUE: Marc-Antoine Charpentier

    Composer of French opera; pupil of Carissimi; equal to Lully and extremely prolific
  • Period: to


    Organist and composer, remembered for his church music and for Venus and Adonis, which is regarded as the earliest surviving English opera.
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    English composer of odes
  • Period: to

    MIDDLE BAROQUE: Opera is Forbidden in England

    Forbidden by the Puritans
  • MIDDLE BAROQUE: The Enlightenment Begins

    European politics, philosophy, science and communications were radically reoriented during the course of the “long 18th century” as part of a movement referred to by its participants as the Age of Reason, or simply the Enlightenment.
  • Period: to

    MIDDLE BAROQUE: Johann Pachelbel

    German composer known for his works for organ and one of the great organ masters of the generation before Johann Sebastian Bach.
  • Period: to

    MIDDLE BAROQUE: Arcangelo Corelli

    Italian composer and violinist who exercised a wide influence on his contemporaries and on the succeeding generation of composers
  • MIDDLE BAROQUE: Las Meninas

    A painting in the Museo del Prado in Madrid, by Diego Velázquez, the leading artist of the Spanish Golden Age. Its complex and enigmatic composition raises questions about reality and illusion, and creates an uncertain relationship between the viewer and the figures depicted
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    MIDDLE BAROQUE: Giusseppe Torelli

    Contributed the most to the development of the concerto around 1700; wrote for trumpet and strings; virtuoso violinist
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    MIDDLE BAROQUE: Henry Purcell

    English composer most remembered for his more than 100 songs; a tragic opera, Dido and Aeneas
  • MIDDLE BAROQUE: Charles II Reinstates Opera

  • Period: to

    MIDDLE BAROQUE: Alessandro Scarlatti

    Important Italian composer; teacher in Naples; his death ends Baroque opera; teacher of many galant composers to come
  • MIDDLE BAROQUE: Opera Reaches England

  • Period: to

    LATE BAROQUE: Antonio Vivaldi

    Italian composer; he laid the foundations for late Baroque instrumental music; teacher; pioneer of orchestral music; but, virtually forgotten by his contemporaries at his death
  • Period: to

    LATE BAROQUE: Georg Philipp Telemann

    German composer who wrote both sacred and secular music but was most admired for his church compositions, which ranged from small cantatas to large-scale works for soloists, chorus, and orchestra.
  • Period: to

    LATE BAROQUE: Jean-Philippe Rameau

    French composer and theorist; known first as a theorist
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    MIDDLE BAROQUE-LATE BAROQUE: Johann Sebastian Bach

    Although he was admired by his contemporaries primarily as an outstanding harpsichordist, organist, and expert on organ building, Bach is now generally regarded the greatest composer of all time and is celebrated as the creator of the Brandenburg Concertos, The Well-Tempered Clavier, the Mass in B Minor, and numerous other masterpieces of church and instrumental music.
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    LATE BAROQUE: Georg Friederich Händel

    German musician; lived in England, inventor of the English oratorio; Beethoven respected him above all others
  • Period: to

    LATE BAROQUE: Domenico Scarlatti

    Italian composer noted particularly for his 555 keyboard sonatas, which substantially expanded the technical and musical possibilities of the harpsichord.
  • LATE BAROQUE: Dido & Aeneas

    An opera in a prologue and three acts, written by the English Baroque composer Henry Purcell with a libretto by Nahum Tate.
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    LATE BAROQUE: Johann Joachim Quantz

    German composer; flutist and flute teacher for Frederick the Great in Berlin
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    LATE BAROQUE: Ballet

    Ballets began to lose their sung pieces and were confined mostly to instrumental pieces and dances
  • LATE BAROQUE: Water Music

    A collection of orchestral movements, often published as three suites, composed by George Frideric Handel.
  • Period: to

    LATE BAROQUE: Das Wohltemperierte Klavier

    A collection of 48 preludes and fugues by Johann Sebastian Bach, published in two books (1722 and 1742). It explores the intricacies of each of the 12 major and 12 minor keys and constitutes the largest-scale and most-influential undertaking for solo keyboard of the Baroque era.
  • LATE BAROQUE: The Four Seasons

    A group of four violin concerti by Italian composer Antonio Vivaldi, each of which gives a musical expression to a season of the year.
  • LATE BAROQUE: Suite de Symphonies

    The first movement of this piece, the rondeau, is widely known and commonly used in weddings, and notably on the PBS program Masterpiece. Mouret composed this piece in 1729, while being the director for the Concert Spirituel, which was one of the first concert series known in existence.