IMPRESSIONISMThis 19th-century art movement started in 1870 and finished in 1880.
This decade was enough to change the art in general, because impressionist artist didn’t imitate the reality.
They used loose brush strokes so as to capture the essence of a subject. In addition, the color became more important the line, and that’s why these artist didn’t paint delineate paintings. Painters like Monet, Sisley, Degas or Renoir used to create a vibrant surface because they mixed a great variety of colors.
EXPRESSIONISMThis art movement was originated in Germany and it wants to represent our world and society from a subjective perspective. It is therefore trying to evoke certain ideas related to the meaning of an emotional experience.
These are the reasons why expressionism doesn’t refer to any type of physical reality.
Edvard Munch and Vincent van Gogh were extremely good at transmitting feelings and emotions using their paintings (“The Scream” or “The Starry Night”).
FAUVISMThese artists used strong colors in order to do something similar to Impressionism.
However, they used these colors in a non-realistic way, and it used to emphasize painterly qualities over realistic things.
Fauvism was originated in France (so was Impressionism).
CUBISMCubism is an early 20th-century art movement that was completely different from the other ones, because cubist painters (Picasso, George Braque, Juan Gris, etc.) wanted to paint an object or a person from more than one viewpoint.
Its influence was Paul Cézanne, who represented forms in a three-dimensional way.
DADAISMThis art movement is composed by painters who rejected the capitalist society. They did hate bourgeois people.
Marcel Duchamp was the precursor of Dadaism, because he developed collage and abstract art.
These painters wanted to express that the relation between words and meaning can change. That’s why Duchamp created a work of art called “Fountain”, which was just a simple urinal.
SURREALISMThe aim of this art movement is the next one:
“to resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality".
Surrealist artist were well known for their visual artworks, because they used to paint illogical scenes that could create strange creatures from real life.
Salvador Dalí or René Magritte painted because they wanted surprise, and that’s one of the most important characteristics of Surrealism.
ABSTRACT EXPRESSIONISMThis art movement was the predecessor of Surrealism, because they also wanted spontaneous paintings and subconscious creation.
Abstract Expressionism was born in New York, and it was a post-World War II art movement.
Some of its painters were Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Franz Kline and Hans Hofmann.
POP ARTThis “popular” art emerged in Britain and United States, and it was so “popular” because it created quotidian objects. After this art movement, the development of comic books and other types of drawings increased.
Pop Art artists were Keith Haring, Roy Lichtenstein and Andy Warhol. This last painter painted a Campbell’s Tomato Soup can and made it a piece of art, because that’s what he used to see every day. That can was therefore art for him.