Technology in Time: Biomimicry By thiennguyen Mar 26, 1488 Flying Machine Leonardo Da Vinci studies birds to design a flying machine. Dec 17, 1903 Wright Brother's Airplane Pigeon observation lead to the first flying machine. Oct 3, 1964 First Shinkansen Train The first Shinkansen railways and trains were made and run in Japan. May 11, 1969 Otto Schmitt coins "Biomimicry" "The transfer of ideas and analogues from biology to technology." Mar 11, 1997 Biomimicry Becomes a Science Janine Benyus' "Biomimicry: Innoavtion Inspired by Design" takes biomimicry to a science. Mar 26, 1998 Biomimicry Guild A company founded on biomimicry that consults architecture firms, design studios, and other manufacturers. Apr 3, 1999 The Lotus Effect By studying the lotus flower, paint and other materials were made with small bumps like the lotus to stay clean. Mar 26, 2005 The Biomimicry Institute The world's first biomimicry institute was founded in 2005 by Janine Benyus. Sep 15, 2008 Biomimicry Guild Alliance with global achitecture firm HOK This alliance made way for the expansion of mainstream bio-inspired designs. Apr 3, 2010 DSSC or dye-sensitized solar cell Professor Michael Graetzel from the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne applied leaves' ability to capture sunlight during photosynthesis in solar cells. May 20, 2010 "Artificial Life" Craig Venter and his team successfully transfer a genome into another organism. Nov 23, 2011 Gecko Tape The ability to have have super sticky feet while being able to walk normally inspired scientists to create reapplyable tape. Mar 26, 2012 Velcro George De Mestral invents the "Hook and Loop" fastener, Velcro.