Brown V. Board of EducationU.S. Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation is unconstitutional in schools. "separate but equal"
PARC V. Commonwealth of PennsylvaniaThe state of Pennsylvania guaranteed free public education to all disabled children ages 6-21
Mills V. Board of EducationEstablished that all children with disabilities will be granted public support for all educational needs
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973First disability civil rights in the U.S. which forbids discrimination against disabled people. Individuals in this program can receive federal assistance
Public Law 94-142Known as Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA)-- to assure that all handicapped students have a free appropriate public education
Public Law 99-457An extension of PL 94-142, which includes:
- mandated services for preschoolers, ages 3-5
-early interventions for infants and toddlers
- Individualized Family Service Plan (IFP)
-"developmentally delayed" was created
Public Law 101-476-Name changed to Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
- Autism & Traumatic Brain Injury has a discrete category
- Rehabilitation counseling & Social work are included in services
- Established that Individualized Transition Plan (ITP) are required by age 16
Public Law 105-17-Students with disabilities are required to take state and district wide tests
- Transition planning starts at age 14
- General educators are required to be involved in IEP team
- Students with disabilities have to have access to general education curriculum
No Child Left Behind ActReauthorized elementary and secondary education act. This allows public schools to be flexible with how they distribute funds from the government to improve students with disabilities achievement.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004George W. Bush signed bill PL 108-446 which is also referred to as IDEA or IDEIA of 2004. These guidelines affect all students with disabilities in preschool to 21 years old.