Special Education and Inclusive Education

Timeline created by Sarah Sander
  • Perkins Institution for the Blind

    Perkins Institution for the Blind
    Perkins institution was the first school to authorize blind students. This institute provides exceptional education to children who are blind, deafblind or have multiple disabilities. It has been the inspiration to many other schools across the country. It created an imprinted reading system that constructed and published book in this text. It also became the head of blind and deafblind education.
  • Law Mandating Compulsory Education

    Law Mandating Compulsory Education
    This law required the government to grant all children education, including those with disabilities. Who up until now were not included in public schools. Rhode Island passed this law first in 1840, followed by Massachusetts in 1852. It was implemented by all other states by 1918. It made it a requirement for all children to attend school.
  • Council for Exceptional Children

    Council for Exceptional Children
    CEC is a national non-profit organization established in 1922 by a group of educators. CEC is committed to advancing education and government policies for the disabled. They provide special education professionals with learning opportunities and resources that promote a success.
  • The Bradley Home

    The Bradley Home
    Bradley Hospital was the first neuropsychiatric hospital for children in the nation. It is located in East Providence, RI. Named after George and Helen Bradley’s daughter Emma Pendleton. Who was diagnosed with encephalitis at the age of seven, which resulted in multiple disabilities. This hospital is solely committed to children. Its goal is to provide superior family focused care to infants and children suffering from emotional disorders.
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  • Mills v. Board of Education of the District of Columbia

    Mills v. Board of Education of the District of Columbia
    This lawsuit was filed against the District of Columbia. The court governed that disabled students must be granted public education even if the student is not able to cover the cost of the education. The case enacted that every child is entitled to free appropriate education fit for their learning capabilities.
  • Section 504

    Section 504
    Section 504 is the first federal law established to protect the rights of the disabled within organizations that receive federal aid. Which includes public schools and higher education institutes. It bans discrimination toward the disabled and assures children equal opportunity to education. Which may include accommodations and additional resources.
  • Education for All Handicapped Children Act

    Education for All Handicapped Children Act
    This act mandated public schools to provide free and appropriate education to children with disabilities. Along with one free meal a day for both mentally and physically disabled children. Public schools must also asses disabled students and establish an educational plan with parent input, which will determine the education of the student.
  • Least Restrictive Environment

    Least Restrictive Environment
    LRE is a part of IDEA, which states that special education services should be obtained in the least restrictive learning environment. Which means with peers that do not receive these services in a general education setting. Separate classes, school or transfer from general classroom should only occur if a child’s disability can not be accommodated in this setting.
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  • American with Disabilities Act

    American with Disabilities Act
    ADA was the first time the State government addressed the requirements of the disabled. The purpose of this law is to ensure the disabled acquires equal opportunities. It prevents jobs, school, transportation and public or private establishments open to the public from discrimination towards the disabled.
  • IDEA

    IDEA
    IDEA provides free and fitting public education to qualified disabled children which guarantees special education and resources. It manages the way states and public organizations administer early intervention, special education and other relevant resources. Infant and toddlers, birth through 2 years of age with a disability receive early intervention under IDEA Part C and children ages 3 through 21 obtain special education and other relevant resources under IDEA Part B.
  • No Child Left Behind Act

    No Child Left Behind Act
    The No Child Left Behind Act is an updated version of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act which was established in 1965 to strengthen the public-school system. This law hold schools accountable for how the students perform. It enforced states to administer assessments to select grade levels in order to receive funding.