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  • Sputnik 1

    When the Soviet Union successfully launched Sputnik I history changed.The world's first official satellite is close to the size of a beach ball. The Sputnik launch was an event that marked the start of the space age.
  • Sputnik 2

    Sputnik 2 was the second spacecraft that would orbit earth and was the first biological spacecraft. This spacecraft was the first to bring a living organism into space. A dog was sent.
  • Explorer 1

    Explorer 1, the first U.S. satellite in orbit, lifts off at Cape Canaveral using a modified ABMA-JPL Jupiter-C rocket. It carries a scientific experiment of James A. Van Allen, and discovers the Earth's radiation belt.
  • Explorer 2

    Explorer 2 is launched by a Jupiter-C rocket, and fails to reach orbit.
  • Sutnik 3

    Sputnik 3 was an scientific laboratory spacecraft. The twelve scientific instruents provided information on pressure and composition of the upper atmosphere.
  • Telstar 1

    Telstar 1, U.S. satellite, beams the first live transatlantic telecast.
  • Apollo 13

    Apollo 13 is launched, suffering an explosion in its SM oxygen tanks. Its Moon landing is aborted, and the crew, James A. Lovell, Jr., John L. Swigert, Jr. and Fred W. Haise, Jr., return safely
  • Pioneer 10

  • Viking 2

    Viking 2 lands on Mars on the Plain of Utopia, where it discovered water frost.
  • Pioneer 11

    Pioneer 11 reaches Saturn, flying to within 13,000 miles and taking the first close-up photographs.
  • Venera 13

    Venera 13 lands on Venus, and provides the first Venusian soil analysis.
  • Salyut 7's

    Salyut 7's cosmonauts L. D. Kizim, V. A. Solovyov, and O. Y. Atkov set a (then) 237-day record in space. They arrive at Salyut 7 in Soyuz-T 10 and depart in Soyuz-T 11
  • Voyager 2

    Voyager 2 flies past Uranus.
  • Salyut 7

    Salyut 7
    Salyut 7 falls from orbit and burns up over Argentina.
  • Discovery

    Space shuttle Discovery maneuvers to within 37 feet of Russian space station Mir, in preparation for a shuttle-Mir docking (STS-63). This is the first shuttle mission to be flown by a female pilot.