Space Race

  • Sputnik 1

    Sputnik 1
    The first man-made object to orbit the Earth, is launched by the U.S.S.R., and remains in orbit until January 4, 1958.
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    Space Race

  • Sputnick 2

    Sputnick 2
    USSR launches Sputnik 2 which carried a small dog named Laika into orbit. This was the first animal to reach outter space. Sputnik 2 remained in space until January 4, 1958.
  • Explorer 1

    Explorer 1
    Explorer 1, the first U.S. satellite in orbit, lifts off at Cape Canaveral using a modified ABMA-JPL Jupiter-C rocket. It carries a scientific experiment of James A. Van Allen, and discovers the Earth's radiation belt.
  • Vanguard 1

    Vanguard 1
    The Vanguard 1 satellite is launched. It continues to function for 3 years.
  • N.A.S.A.

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is formed, it replaces the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics (NACA).
  • Luna 1

    Luna 1
    Luna 1 is launched by the USSR. It is the first man-made object to orbit the Sun.
  • Luna 3

    Luna 3
    Soviets Luna 3, translunar satellite is launched, orbiting the moon and photographing 70 percent of the far side of the moon
  • Tiros 1

    Tiros 1
    Tiros 1, the first successful weather satellite, is launched by the U.S.
  • Discoverer XIV

    Discoverer XIV
    The U.S. launches Discoverer XIV. It is the first camera-equipped by Corona spy satellite.
  • President John F. Kennedy

    President John F. Kennedy
    John F. Kennedy is elected the 35th President of the United States.
  • First Man in Space

    First Man in Space
    Vostok 1 is launched by the U.S.S.R., carrying Cosmonaut Yuri A. Gagarin, the first man in space. He orbits the Earth once.
  • First U.S. Astronaut into space

    First U.S. Astronaut into space
    Mercury Freedom 7 carries Alan B. Shepard,Jr., the first U.S. Astronaut into space, in a suborbital flight.
  • Moon Planning

    Moon Planning
    President John F. Kennedy addresses Congress and challenges the nation to go to the Moon before the end of the decade.
  • John Glenn

    John Glenn
    Mercury Friendship 7 lifts off with John H. Glenn, Jr., the first American in orbit, and orbits the Earth three times.
  • First Woman in Space

    First Woman in Space
    Vostok 6 carries Soviet Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman in space and orbits the Earth 48 times
  • The first spacewalk

    The first spacewalk
    The first spacewalk is made from Soviet Voskhod 2 by Cosmonaut Alexei A. Leonov. Duration is 12 minutes.
  • Ranger 9

    Ranger 9
    Ranger 9 transmits high-quality images of the moon, many of which were shown live in the first television spectacular about the moon.
  • First U.S. space walk

    First U.S. space walk
    Edward White II makes the first U.S. space walk from Gemini 4. Jim McDivitt remains in the Gemini capsule. Duration is 22 minutes.
  • Venus 3

    Venus 3
    Soviet Venus 3 is launched, becoming the first man-made craft to impact Venus on March 1, 1966.
  • Luna 10

    Luna 10
    Soviets launch Luna 10 which becomes the first satellite to orbit the Moon.
  • Lunar Orbiter 1

    Lunar Orbiter 1
    U.S. Lunar Orbiter 1 enters moon orbit, and takes the first picture of the Earth from the distance of the moon.
  • Venera 4

    Venera 4
    Soviets send Venera 4 into Venus's atmosphere, and returning data about its composition.
  • Apollo 8

    Apollo 8
    Apollo 8 is launched with Frank Borman, James A. Lovell, Jr. and William A. Anders, the first Apollo to use the Saturn V rocket, and the first manned spacecraft to orbit the Moon, making 10 orbits on its 6-day mission.On Christmas Eve they take turns reading Genesis in a broadcast heard around the world.
  • Apollo 11

    Apollo 11
    Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin become the first men to walk on the Moon while crewmate Michael Collins orbits around the Moon alone using Apollo 11.
  • First precision lunar landing

    First precision lunar landing
    Pete Conrad and Alan Bean perform the first precision lunar landing, touching down just 600 feet from the Surveyor 3 probe that arrived two years earlier.