Space Race By bjones16 Oct 4, 1957 Sputnik I First Artificial Satelite launched in Space. Period: Oct 4, 1957 to Oct 6, 2011 Space Race May 5, 1961 First U.S. Citizen in Space Alan B. Shepard was the first U.S citizen to go into space. Oct 6, 1961 First person in Space First human to venture into space. He was from the Soviet Union. Aug 6, 1962 Mariner 2 Verified high temeratures in Venus's Atmosphere. Oct 6, 1962 First person to orbit Earth Mercury Astronaut John Glenn was the first U.S citizen to orbit around the Earth. Jul 20, 1969 Project Apollo Final Mission in Reaching the moon was Project Apollo. Neil Armstrong was the first person to step foot on the moon. Mar 6, 1972 Pioneer 10 Sent back photos of Jupiter first probe to encounter an outer planet. Aug 6, 1975 Viking 1 Oribiter mapped the surface of Mars; lander searched for life on mars. Oct 6, 1989 Galileo Was a probe sent to Jupiter, reached Jupiter by 1995 Oct 6, 1989 Magellan Mapped Venus's surface and returned data on the composition of Venus's atmosphere.