Sputnik was a satelilite launched by the soviet union that was the size of a beach ball. It weighed only 183.9 lbs. and it orbited the earth in about 98 minutes on its olipitical path. This even marked the beginning of the Space Race.
Launching of Sputnik II
Sputnik II carried a dog named Laika in it up into space. Laika was a dog that was collected off the streets of Moscow. Laika died in the space craft from stress and overheating. They used the dog test how a living thing would be in space.
Sputnik III was a research satelite to explor the upper atmosphere and near space. Sputnik 3 was conically shaped and weighed 1,327 kilograms and was 3.57 m long.
Luna I is launched
First man made object to orbit the sun. It was 113,000 km. from Earth. A large cloud of sofium was released from Luna I so astronomers could track the space probe.
It was launched on a Earth-Moon trajectory. It passed 37,000 miles of the Moon before falling into a solar orbit.
Luna II is launched
The second of the soviet unions Luna program spacecraft. It was the first to actually land on the surface of the moon. This was a big acomplishment for the soviet union.
Alan B. Shepard
He was the first person in space.
John Glenn orbits the Earth three times
NASA formed this mission to put a man in space and see what there reactions are to it then return him home safely.
Ed White performs America's first spacewalk.
He was the first american to do the spacewalk. He was awarded the NASA Distinguished Service Medal for his Gemini 4 spaceflight and was awarded the Congressional Space Medal of Honor.
Astronauts Charles Bassett and Elliott See die
There T-38 crashed due technical diffuculties this was a big upset in the space program for a lot of people.
Soviet Zond 5 is launched, the first spacecraft to orbit the Moon and then return back home.
Neil Armstrong lands on the moon
Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin, make the first manned soft landing on the Moon, and the first moonwalk ever, using Apollo 11.
Luna 17 lands on the moon, with the first automatic robot, Lunokhod 1. Driven by a five-man team on to earth, traveled over surface for 11 days.
Soviet Venera 7 is the first probe to soft-land on Venus, transmitting for around 23 whole minutes.
Apollo 17 was the last Apollo mission to land men on the Moon. It carried the only very trained geologist to walk on the lunar surface, lunar module pilot was Harrison Schmitt.