sose 2013 coal By carmichaels01509 Jan 1, 1791 disvoverd Coal was first discoverd by Eurpeons in Australia at the mouth of the Hunter River in New South Wales by the ecaping convit William Bryat. Jan 1, 1797 next discovery The next discovery in coal was on the South Coast of New South Wales by William Clark near preasant day Thirroul. Jan 1, 1801 first coal mine The first coal mine in Austrila was established near the mouth of Hunter river. Jan 1, 1804 permanet settlement Governer Kingset up a permanent settlement there, naming it New Castle.It became the centre of the coal mine industry. Period: Jan 1, 1804 to Jan 1, 1808 Boiling seawater Sea water was boiled from local coal. In the same arae sea shells where burnt to produce lime mainly for buildings.