Science of Philosophy Timeline Two

Timeline created by Jessican55
  • Thomas Kuhn

    Thomas Kuhn
    Thomas Kuhn’s greatest contribution to the philosophy of science was his concept of the paradigm shift. His idea of paradigm shifts suggests that when patterns and theories change, the way that things are understood will be replaced with a new way of understanding things. In other words, as people gain knowledge, their ways of understanding the universe changes.
  • Hilary Putnam

    Hilary Putnam
    Hilary Putnam’s greatest contribution to the philosophy of science was his “brain in a vat” theory. This theory is a thought experiment that suggests that human beings have no way of knowing whether or not they are real, or are actually brains in vats connected to digital stimuli. This argument is a modern answer to Cartesian doubt.
  • Noam Chomsky

    Noam Chomsky
    Noam Chomsky’s greatest contribution to the philosophy of science was his theory that human beings are born with an innate ability to learn language, much like the ability to walk (Dovey, 1). Chomsky suggested that language is something unique to humans, that gives human beings a deeper understanding of the world. Noam was also one of the founders of cognitive science, which works to understand human cognition.
  • Noam Chomsky continued

    Works Cited
    Dovey, Dana. “Noam Chomsky’s Theory Of Universal Grammar Is Right; It's Hardwired Into Our Brains”. 2015. Medical Daily. Web. Retrieved at
  • Helen Longino

    Helen Longino
    Helen Longino’s most significant contribution to the philosophy of science is her idea of feminism of science. Longino put forward the idea that females have a distinct way of understanding the world, and that this unique perspective is crucial for the scientific field as a whole. In addition to her feminist theories, Longino has a behavioral theory that suggests that scientific theories may be affected by a person’s preexisting beliefs.
  • Helen Longino continued

    Both of these ideas go into the sociology of science, which suggest that different people will offer different perspectives and ideas to scientific theories.