Roots of American Democracy

  • Jun 15, 1215

    Magna Carta/ Great Charter

    Magna Carta/ Great Charter
    • issued in 1215 revised in the 13th century
    • an english charter
    • required King John to proclaim certian liberties
  • Jan 1, 1500


    -The theory of trade espoused by European Powers
    - They should have exported more than they imported
    - Exports were favored in industries
  • Jamestown Colony

    Jamestown Colony
    • first perminant settlement
    • capital of the colony for 83 years
    • it is an archaeological site today
  • House of Burgesses

    House of Burgesses
    • Became a symbol of representative government
    • Met once a year
    • Could make laws
    • led up to the Revolutionary War
  • Mayflower Compact

    Mayflower Compact
    -Drwan up in response to mutinous speeches
    - Attempted to be the temparary government
  • Plymouth County

    Plymouth County
    • capitol of the colony
    • first settlement at New Plymouth
    • started at Thanksgiving
  • Fundamental Orders of Connecuicut

    Fundamental Orders of Connecuicut
    • adopted by Connecuicut colony council
    • has features of written constitution
    • considered the first written constitution
  • Culpepers Rebellion

    Culpepers Rebellion
    • popular uprising in Albermarle, North Carolina
    • protest Navigation Acts
  • Glorious Revolution

    Glorious Revolution
    • English people revolt against the King
    • William invaded England
    • The over through of Kind James
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    -enacted by English Parliment
    - wrote into the law by King William III
    - One fundamental document of English Constitutional law
  • Salem Witch Trials

    Salem Witch Trials
    • a series of hearings before county court trials to prosecute people accused of witchcraft
    • conducted in a variety of towns
  • First Great Awakening

    First Great Awakening
    • a christian revitilization movement
    • made intensity of cristians personal -christianity was brought to aferican slaves
  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    -Massive conflict between Austria, England, France, Great Britian, Prussia, and Sweeden
    - Seven year war
    - the Bristish won
  • Albany Plan of Union

    Albany Plan of Union
    • proposed by Benjamin Franklin
    • early attempt to forming a union of the coloines
    • met in Albany, New York
  • Pontiacs Rebellion

    Pontiacs Rebellion
    • french and indian war
    • made up of Ottawas and reinforced by Wyandots
  • Proclimation Line

    Proclimation Line
    • Great Britians acquisition of French territory
    • established 4 new colonies
  • Sugar/ Revenue Act

    Sugar/ Revenue Act
    • first tax on American colonies imposed by British Parliment
    • the act violated the British privliages
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    -Any piece of paper was taxed
    - It paid for protecting the American Frontier
    -It was a small fee
  • Virginia Resolves

    Virginia Resolves
    • series of Revolution passed by Virginia General Assembly in response to the Stamp Act
  • Sons of Liberty

    Sons of Liberty
    • political group made up of American Patriots
    • undertakers of the Boston Tea Party led to the Intolerable Acts
  • Townsend Act

    Townsend Act
    -Placed taxes on glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea
    - Thepeoples reactions were the same as with the Stamp Act and the Sugar Act
    - Repealed all taxes except on the tea
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    -The killing of 5 colonist by Britsh regulars
    - It was all because the Townsend people imposed high taxes
  • Gaspee Incident

    Gaspee Incident
    -Led by John Brown
    - Wounded the lieutenant of ship then set it on fire
  • Committiees of Correspondence

    Committiees of Correspondence
    • shadows of government organized by patriot leaders
    • set up the first continental congress
    • a total of 7000 to 8000 Patriots served on these committiees
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    • Made to catch the East India Company because they were burdened with 18 million pounds of tea -took the tea to colonists and sold it for a bargin price
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    • Tea was trown into the harbor
    • didn't like the tea tax
    • 500,000 pounds of tea -parliment would loose money if there was extra tea
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    • colonist were pressed with greater taxes -destruction of 342 chests of tea -led to the Boston Tea Party
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    -first held in Carpenters Hall
    -elected by the people
    -first few weeks were consumed of discussion and debate
  • Edenton Tea Party

    Edenton Tea Party
    • political protest in Edenton in response to the Tea Act
    • passed by the Bristish Parliment
    • Inspired by Boston Tea Party
    • 51 women involved
  • Meclenburg Resolves

    Meclenburg Resolves
    • Americas royal authority was suspended
    • parliment laws were void
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    • made decisions like when and where to attack the Bristish -Declared independence and drafter the Declaration of Independence
    • adopted July 4th, 1776
  • Halifax Resolves

    Halifax Resolves
    • led to the Declartation of Independence
    • moved colonies that declared independence
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    • most cherished symbol of liberty
    • written by Thomas Jefferson
    • showing "self-evident truths" in this document
  • Federalists/ AntiFederalist Papers

    Federalists/ AntiFederalist Papers
    • their purpose was to gain popular support for the Constitution
    • the Bill of Rights was mentioned and it brought individuals rights
  • Articles of Confederatipn

    Articles of Confederatipn
    • Agreement between 13 states that established the United States of America as confederation of sovereign
    • It served as the first Constitiution -The draft was written by the Continintel Congress in mid 1776
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    -Ended American Revolutionary War
    - Signed at Hotel D'York
    -John Adams, Ben Franklin, and John Jay III are the American negotiators
  • Land Ordinance of 1785

    Land Ordinance of 1785
    • the immidate goal was to raise money through the sale of land
    • provided land descriptions
  • Shay's Rebellion

    Shay's Rebellion
    • Uprising that took place in central and western Massachusetts
    • Named after Daniel Shay
    • Over 1,000 Shayests have been arrested
  • Constitutional Convention

    Constitutional Convention
    • For addressing problems in governing USA
    • Leader was George Washington
    • Continous disputes over composition and election of the senate
  • Land Ordinance of 17887

    Land Ordinance of 17887
    • adopted the congress of confederation for government
    • drafted by Thomas Jefferson
    • never went into effect
  • Whiskey Rebellion

    Whiskey Rebellion
    • a tax protest
    • a part of Alexander Hamilton program to pay off national debt
    • came to climax in 1794