Representitives from 7 colonies met in Albany to plan to be a union.
French and Indian War
The French and Indian War was a conflict between Great Britain and France, to decide who gets the land near Ohio River.
Events Leading up to American Revoultion
Proclamation of 1763
The Proclamation of 1763 was issued by King George III. It concluded the 7 year war.
The Sugar Act
British Parliamant passed The Sugar Act. It put a three-cent tax on refined sugar and increased taxes on coffee, indigo, and certain kinds of wine.
The Currency Act
Parliament passed this act to control the colonial currency system.
The Stamp Act
Every newspaper, pamphlet, and other documents had to have a Stamp on it. The stamps, which used to be free, began costing money. Colonists began to boycott English goods. A quote from a colonist is "No taxation without representation."
The Speech of Patrick Henry
Patrick Henry made a very influential speach. A quote is "Give me liberty, or give me death!" He was a lawyer and eventually became the first governor of Virginia.
The Quartering Act
This act was passed to force colonial governments to provide food and housing to British soldiers stationed in the 13 Colonies.
Stamp Act Congress
The Stamp Act Congress was a meeting taken place in New York City. 9 representitives met together to unify, and protect themselves against new British taxation laws, especially the Stamp Act.
The Declaratory Act
Right when the Stamp Act was repealed, the Declaratory Act started. Parliament passed this law to regulate the behavior of the colonies. This act let Britain govern and tax the colonies. The colonists were furious with this act.
The Townshend Revenue Act
Britain put taxes in many British goods, including paint, paper, lead, glass ,wine, and tea. There were lots of boycotts because of this act. This event led to the Boston Massacre.
Boston Non-Importation Agreement
The French and Indian War caused Britain a lot of debt, so they though by having more taxes it would pay the money back. The Non-Importation Agreement was series of commercial restrictions, boycotting British imports.
The Boston Massacre
A colonist was harrasing a British soldier, and more mobs began to join. 400 angry colonists because of the The Townshend Revenue Act. The British soldiers fired on the angry people, and and many of them died.
The Gaspee Affair
A Sons of Liberty group attacked and set fire to the HMS Gaspee, a British customs ship in Rhode Island, The British Government threatened to send the group for trial in England, but they never did. It did alarm the colonist, and they protested.
The Tea Act
The Tea Act made all Americans buy British East India Company by selling the tea at a reduced price.
Boston Tea Party
Colonists were angry because of the Tea Act. The Sons of Liberty dressed up as American Indians, and dumped all of the boxes of tea off the British boat late at night,
The Intolerable Acts
There were a series of laws passed after the Boston Tea Party. They were very hart acts, and the coloists hated them. There were intended to make an example of the disobediece of the colonies, but that didn't happen. All of the colonies united against Britain. States began electing member for Congress.
Boston Port Act
The Boston Port Act was designed to punish the people from Boston, Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party. It was one of the intolerable acts.
Administration of Justice Act
The Administration of Justice Act forced the governor of Massachusetts to move trials of the people accused of the Boston Tea Party to another colony or to Great Britain.
Quartering Act of 1774
Parliament renews the Quatering Act, which let Red Coats stay in the colonists houses.
The Quebec Act expanded the boundaries of Quebec more south. This act was not a punishment for the Boston Tea Party.
First Continental Congress
A group of 56 delagates from the states met together after the Intolerable Acts. They sent a letter to King George the III to say they didn't like the way the colonies had been treated. He ignored the letter. The delagates also planned strategies for war.
The Continental Association
The Continental Association was a reponse to the intolerable acts created by the Continental Congress. The U.S. colonies stopped traiding with Great Britain.
The Rides of Paul Revere and William Dawes
Paul Revere and William Dawes rode from Lexington to Concord on a horse to warn the Americans that the British were coming.
Second Continental Congress
The Second Continental Congress met to start writing the Declaration of Independence. They also discussed the Articles of Confederation, and the Marines Corps.