Cover photo

Coming of the Revolution

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  • End of French and Indian War

    End of French and Indian War
    This war ended with the Treaty of Paris.
  • Boycotts

    In August, Boston merchants begin a boycott of British luxury goods.
  • Proclamation of 1763

    Proclamation of 1763
    declared by the British crown at the end of the French and Indian War in North America, mainly intended to conciliate the Indians by checking the encroachment of settlers on their lands. In the centuries since the proclamation, it has become one of the cornerstones of Native American law in the United States and Canada.
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    also known as the American Revenue Act or the American Duties Act, was a revenue-raising act passed by the Parliament of Great Britain on April 5, 1764.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
  • Quartering Act

    Quartering Act
    On May 3, 1765 the British Parliament met and finally passed a Quartering Act for the Americans. The act stated that troops could only be quartered in barracks and if there wasn't enough space in barracks then they were to be quartered in public houses and inns.
  • Virginia Resolves - Patrick Henry

    Virginia Resolves - Patrick Henry
  • Admiralty Courts

    Admiralty Courts
    Used to try offenders for violating various Navigation Acts passed by the crown after the French and Indian War. Colonists argued that the courts encroached on their rights as Englishmen since they lacked juries and placed the burden of proof [on] the accused.
  • Sons (Daughters) of Liberty

    Sons (Daughters) of Liberty
    People who were brought together as a response of the Stamp Act. They were common people.
    Organized protests against the acts and hung tax collectors in effigy.
    They helped keep the boycotting of goods continue. Stood for independence.
  • Stamp Act Congress

    Stamp Act Congress
    MEeting eld between Oct. 7 through 25, 1765 in New York City, consisting of representing from some of the British colonies in North America.
  • Repeal of Stamp Act

    Repeal of Stamp Act
    After months of protest, and an appeal by Benjamin Franklin before the British House of Commons, Parliament voted to repeal the Stamp Act in March 1766. However, the same day, Parliament passed the Declaratory Acts, asserting that the British government had free and total legislative power over the colonies.
  • Declaratory Act

    Declaratory Act
    Parliament then agreed to repeal the Stamp Act on the condition that the Declaratory Act was passed. On March 18, 1766, Parliament repealed the Stamp Act and passed the Declaratory Act.
  • Townshend Duties (new taxes on imports)

    Townshend Duties (new taxes on imports)
    were a series of acts passed, beginning in 1767, by the Parliament of Great Britain relating to the British colonies in North America.
  • New York Assembly disbanded

    New York Assembly disbanded
    The New York Assembly was the lower house of the New York State Legislature. It was granted the power to pass laws and set taxes. Refused to supply soldiers, as dictated by Mutiny act which challenged British authority. It was also against the Quartering Act. The Assembly was disbanded by Greenville, until agreed to obey Mutiny and Quartering Act.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    The arrival of troops in Boston provoked conflict between citizens and soldiers that became known as the Boston Massacre. On March 5, a group of soldiers surrounded by an unfriendly crowd opened fire, killing three Americans and fatally wounding two more. A violent uprising was avoided only with the withdrawal of the troops to islands in the harbor. The soldiers were tried for murder, but convicted only of lesser crimes; noted patriot John Adams was their principal lawyer.
  • Lead, paper, paint, tea

    Lead, paper, paint, tea
    To help pay the expenses involved in governing the American colonies, Parliament passed the Townshend Acts, which initiated taxes on glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea.
  • Lord North

    Lord North
    A hard-working and sound administrator, Lord North had served in the governments of the Duke of Newcastle and Lord Chatham, rising to the position of Chancellor of the Exchequer.
  • Quiet Period

    Quiet Period
    Colonies temporarily held private, small meetings to give Britain the impression of compliance.
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    By reducing the tax on imported British tea, this act gave British merchants an unfair advantage in selling their tea in America. American colonists condemned the act, and many planned to boycott tea.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    When British tea ships arrived in Boston harbor, many citizens wanted the tea sent back to England without the payment of any taxes. The royal governor insisted on payment of all taxes. On December 16, a group of men disguised as Indians boarded the ships and dumped all the tea in the harbor.
  • Boston Port Act

    Boston Port Act
    This was one of the Coercive Acts, which shut down Boston Harbor until Boston repaid the East India Company for the lost tea.
  • Massachusetts Government Act

    Massachusetts Government Act
    removed the colonists in Massachusetts' right to vote for those officials that they had previously been allowed to vote for. The appointment of these officials then fell to the King of England. Furthermore, it stated that the towns of Massachusetts were only allowed to hold one town meeting per year. Any additional meetings could only be held with the consent of the Governor of Massachusetts. This was supposedly done to restore peace in the colony. It did no such thing.
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    A convention of delegates from 12 coloniesthat met at carpenters' Hall in Philadelphia early in the American Revolution to discuss their response to the British "Intolerable Acts"
  • Coercive Acts or - "Intolerable Acts"

    Coercive Acts or - "Intolerable Acts"
    In response to the Boston Tea Party, Parliament passed several acts to punish Massachusetts. The Boston Port Bill banned the loading or unloading of any ships in Boston harbor. The Administration of Justice Act offered protection to royal officials in Massachusetts, allowing them to transfer to England all court cases against them involving riot suppression or revenue collection. The Massachusetts Government Act put the election of most government officials under the control of the Crown, essent
  • Hessian Mercenaries by British

    Hessian Mercenaries by British
    German mercenaries that were hired by the British for putting down the rebellion of the colonies.
    The hiring of these men showed to the colonists that the British had only military action in mind as a solution to the current problems.
  • Lexington & Concord

    Lexington & Concord
    The First shots starting the revolution were fired at Lexington, MAssachusetts. British General Thomas Gage sent 700 soldiers to destroy guns and ammunition the colonists had stored in the town of Concord just outside of Boston, They also planned to arrrest Samuel Adams and John Hancock, two of the key leaders of the patriot movement.
  • Ticonderoga

    Fort Ticonderoga was a fort located in upstate New York between Lake Champlain and Lake George. There were three battles that took place there during the Revolutionary War.
  • Second Continental congress

    Second Continental congress
    A Convention of delegates from the 13 colonies that started meeting in the summer of 1775 in Philadelphia soon after marfare in the American Revolutionary war had begun.
  • Bunker Hill

    Bunker Hill
    The Battle of Bunker Hill took place mostly on the area around Breed's Hill during the Siege of Boston early in the American Revolutionary War
  • Washington Appointed Commander of the Continental Army

    Washington Appointed Commander of the Continental Army
    Washington was selected over other candidates such as John Hancock based on his previous military experience and the hope that a leader from Virginia could help unite the colonies. Washington left for Massachusetts within days of receiving his commission and assumed command of the Continental Army in Cambridge on July 3, 1775. After eight years of war, Washington resigned his commission as Commander in Chief on December 23, 1783.
  • American invasion of Canada

    American invasion of Canada
    With the American invasion of Canada in 1775, the colonies claim that they were merely fighting defensvely for redress of grievaness was contradicted.
  • Committee of Correspondence

    Committee of Correspondence
    Samuel Adams called for a Boston town meeting to create committees of correspondence to communicate Boston's position to the other colonies. Similar committees were soon created throughout the colonies.
  • Common Sense published by Thomas Paine

    Common Sense published by Thomas Paine
    Callenged the authority of the British government and the royal monarchy. The plain language that Paine used spoke to the common people of America and was the first work to openly ask for independence from Great Britain.
  • Declaration of Independence is written by Thomas Jefferson

    Declaration of Independence is written by Thomas Jefferson
    An act of the Second Continental Congress, adopted on July 4, 1776, which declared that the Thirteen Colonies in North America were "Free and Independent States" and that "all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved"
  • Battle of Trenton

    Battle of Trenton
    Trenton, New Jersey on the Delaware River Combatants: Americans against Hessians and British troops Generals: General George Washington against Colonel Rahl.
  • Battle of Saratoga

    Battle of Saratoga
    5,895 British and Hessian troops surrendered their arms. General John Burgoyne had lost 86 percent of his expeditionary force that had triumphantly marched into New York from Canada in the early summer of 1777.
  • Valley Forge Winter

    Valley Forge Winter
    Valley Forge was where the American Continental Army made camp during the winter of 1777-1778.
  • Articles of Confederation are approved

    Articles of Confederation are approved
    The Articles of Confederation served as the written document that established the functions of the national government of the United States after it declared independence from Great Britain. It established a weak central government that mostly, but not entirely, prevented the individual states from conducting their own foreign diplomacy.
  • France Allies with Americans

    France Allies with Americans
    Benjamin Franklin was in France signing the Treaty of Amity and Commerce and the Treaty of Alliance. The Treaty of Amity and Commerce recognized the U.S. as an independent nation and promoted trade between France and America. The second agreement, the Treaty of Alliance, made the fledgling United States and France allies against Great Britain in the Revolutionary War. The French decided to back the U.S. in its military efforts until the U.S. had full independence from Great Britain. After that,
  • Spain Allies with Americans

    Spain Allies with Americans
    On this day in 1779, Spain declares war on Great Britain, creating a de facto alliance with the Americans.
  • Benedict Arnold becomes a traitor

    Benedict Arnold becomes a traitor
    Benedict Arnold is the most famous Revolutionary War spy, though to Americans he is more commonly called a traitor.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    The Treaty of Paris, signed on September 3, 1783, ended the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain and the United States of America.