The French and Indian War was the North American theater of the worldwide Seven Years' War. The war was fought between the British and American colonists (with a few Native American allies from Iqoqusis) against the French and Native Americans. The fought for resources and land in the North America.
Albany Plan of Union
The author of the Albany Pan of Union was Ben Franklin. He made it to call for the colonies to unite. The plan was one general government that could collect taxes, raist troops, and regulate trade.
Proclamation of 1763
It was issued by King George the 3rd following Great Britain's acquisition of French territory in North America after the end of the French and Indian War/Seven Years' War, in which it forbade all settlers from settling past a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains,The purpose of the proclamation was to organize Great Britain's new North American empire and to stabilize relations with Native North Americans through regulation of trade, settlement, and land purchases on the western frontie
Committee of Correspondence
Samuel Adams established the first committee of correspondence in Boston and helped organize more in other colonies. These groups promoted colonial unity. A letter was sent to committees of correspondence in Philadelphia and New York.
The Sugar Act was the first attempt to raise money through taxation. The Sugar Act Law passed in 1764 taxes colonist's imports of sugar, wine, and coffee.
The Stamp Act is a British law that placed a taxes for all printed goods with a stamp (newspapers, playing cards, ect.) The colonies sent delegates to a Stamp Act Congress. Other protest to Stamp Act are burning effigies, tar and feathered officals, nonimportant agreement, and boycott (refusal to buy.) which leads to the Stamp Act being cancelled.
By the order of the British government all the colonist had to allow the British troops to stay in their homes, use whatever supplies they needed, let them stay as long as they needed, and provide them with food. The law remained in effect until March 24, 1767.
Sons of Liberty
The Sons of Liberty were a group of colonist who organized protests against what they perceived as unfair taxation and boycotts against taxed goods. Samuel Adams formed the Sons of Liberty to oppose the Stamp Act.
Stamp Act Congress
The Stamp Act Congress was held in New York City which was attended by twenty-seven representatives fro what has been known throughout American history as the thirteen colonies. When the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act, colonist were more than eager to show their displeasure towards it.
Daughters of Liberty
Women organized groups called the Daughters of Liberty and they formed it to protest the Townshend Acts. They also wore homemade fabrics.
The Declaratory Act is an act of the Parliament of Great Britain, which accompanied the repeal of the Stamp Act and the changing and lessening of the Sugar Act. Parlia repealed the Stamp Act because the boycotts were hurting the British trade and used the declaration to justify the repeal ad save face.
In 1767, Parliament passed the Townshend Acts, which taxed lead, glass, paper, paint, and tea imported to the colonies. The colonist resisted by refusing to buy these items. The tax lifted on everything expect tea.
The Boston Massacre was lead by the colonists to begin desiring independence from England.
The prices of British and Indian teas went down. The Tea Act gave British and Indian tea companies control over colony sales. The only bargain-priced tea sellers were chosen by the company. Parliament taxed the colonies along with England.
Boston Tea Party
After the French and Indian War conclusion in 1763, King George the third and his governement looked to taxing the American colonist as a way of paying their war cost but it was the crown's attempt to tax tea that spurred the colonists to action and laid the groundwork for the American Revolution.
The Coercive Acts or the Intolerable Acts upset the colonists. In response to the Tea Party, the Boston Harbor was closed down until the tea was paid for.
First Continental Congress
The First Continental Congress agreed that the colonies would not buy certain items from Great Britain, or sell certain items to them.
The Quebec Act gave more land to the Quebec and made it harder for the colonists to move west.
Battle of Lexington & Concord
The battle of Lexington and Concord was fought in Lexington. The start of the war was actually on April 19th when the first shot was fired.
Second Continental Congress
Most delegates of the 1st Continental Congress returned for the 2nd but there were a few important newcomers such as Benjamin Franklin, John Hancock, and Thomas Jefferson. At first, the delegates were deeply divided; some favored independence, some favored a compromise with British governement that would increase colonial self-rule.
Battle of Bunker Hill
The battle actually took place on Breed's Hill. The British won the battle, but Americans prove it will be a long war.
Signing of the Declaration of Independence
The Declaration of Independence was signed by 56 delegates to the Continental Congress. The American colonies had been at war with Great Britain for over a year when the document was signed. The signers of the Declaration of Independence did not sign on the same day. John Hancock was the first man to sign the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. John Hancock was the President of the Continental Congress at the time of the signing.
Treaty of Paris
When the French and Indian War had ended. France lost and Britian won. The war ended with the Treaty of Paris. Britain had owned Canada, most of the land east of the MIssissipi (France) and FL (from Spain, France's ally). France had kept a few islands in the Caribbean.
Washington's Defeat at Ft, Duquense/Ft. Neccessity
The Battle of Fort Necessity, or the Battle of the Great Meadows took place on July 3, 1754 in what is now the mountaintop hamlet of Farmington in Fayette County, Pennsylvania. The engagement was one of the first battles of the French and Indian War and George Washington's only military surrender. The battle, along with the May 28 Battle of Jumonville Glen, contributed to a series of military escalations that resulted in the global Seven Years' War.