Road to Revolution

  • Albany Plan of Union

    Albany Plan of Union
    Ben Franklin came up with this plan called the Albany Plan of Union. The plan was to make one general government that could collect taxes, raise troops, and regulate trade. Colonist did not want to accept the Albany Plan of Union because they were afraid they would lose power if they came together as a whole.
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    French and Indian War

    The French and Indian War was between French and Native Americans vs British and American Colonist. (With a few Native American allies from the Iroquois Confederacy). This would change America forever.
  • Washington's Defeat at Fort Duquense/Fort Necessity

    Washington's Defeat at Fort Duquense/Fort Necessity
    A group of Virginians had plans of settling in the Ohio River Valley. But, French were already starting or were, moving in. This angered England. They felt they had a right to the land. The Governor of Virginia sent 21 year old George Washington to go and ask them to vacate the land. They refused. He went back and told the Governor what had happened. The Governor then sent George Washington back with 150 men. They suprised the French and took Fort Duquense. Fort Necessity was built and taken.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    The French and Indian War ended with the Treaty of Paris. The Treaty of Paris said that Britian got Canada, most of the land east of the Mississippi from France. And since Spain helped the French, they got Florida from them.
  • Proclamation of 1763

    Proclamation of 1763
    The Proclamation of 1763 prohibited the colonist from expanding westward past the Applachian Mountains. And of course, this angered the colonies. Many in the colonies felt that the object was to pen them in along the Atlantic seaboard where they would be easier to regulate. The King and his council presented the proclamation as a measure to calm the fears of the Indians, who felt that the colonists would drive them from their lands as they expanded westward.
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    The Sugar Act of 1764 lowered tax on molasses, but the act also listed more foreign goods to be taxed including sugar, certain wines, coffee, pimiento, cambric and printed calico, and further, regulated the export of lumber and iron. The Sugar Act actually lowered the tax on molasses, but it goes back to "taxation without representation".
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    The Stamp Act was another attempt for Britian to pay for the debt of the Seven Years War. The money collected by the Stamp Act was to be used to help pay the costs of defending and protecting the American frontier near the Appalachian Mountains. The Stamp Act taxed every piece of printed paper they used. Such as, ship's papers, legal documents, licenses, newspapers, other publications, and even playing cards were taxed.
  • Sons of Liberty

    Sons of Liberty
    In Boston, in early summer of 1765, a group of shopkeepers and artisans who called themselves The Loyal Nine, began preparing for agitation against the Stamp Act. As that group grew, it came to be known as the Sons of Liberty. By the end of that year the Sons of Liberty existed in every colony. Their most popular objective was to force Stamp Distributors throughout the colonies to resign.
  • Stamp Act Congress

    Stamp Act Congress
    The Stamp Act Congess was a group of colonial leaders and governors. They sent a letter to the King asking, in a sincere and nice manner, asked for certain rights and liberties. The Congress sent a list of grievances to the King, with a hope for success in mind.
  • Declaratory Act

    Declaratory Act
    The Declaratory Act said that Parliment had, and of right ought to have, full power and authority to make laws and statutes of sufficient force and validity to bind the colonies and people of America, subjects of the crown of Great Britain, in all cases whatsoever.
  • Townshend Act

    Townshend Act
    The Townshend Revenue Act taxed glass, paint, oil, lead, paper, and tea imported into the colonies. ownshend hoped the acts would defray imperial expenses in the colonies, but many Americans viewed the taxation as an abuse of power, resulting in the passage of agreements to limit imports from Britain. In 1770, Parliament repealed all the Townshend duties except the tax on tea, leading to a temporary truce between the two sides in the years before the American Revolution.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    The Boston Massacre was a street fight that occurred on March 5, 1770, between a "patriot" mob, throwing snowballs, stones, and sticks, and a squad of British soldiers. Several colonists were killed and this led to a campaign by speech-writers to rouse the ire of the citizenry.
  • Committees of Correspondence

    Committees of Correspondence
    The Committees of Correspondence were formed throughout the colonies as a means of coordinating action against Great Britain. Many were formed by the legislatures of the respective colonies, others by extra-governmental associations such as the Sons of Liberty in the various colonies. In any case, the members of these organizations represented the leading men of each colony.
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    The Tea Act was passed on May 10, 1773, by Parliment. The Tea Act was passed to help out the East India Company. They were floundering financially and burdened with eighteen million pounds of unsold tea. This tea was to be sold to the colonies, at bargain price. The East India Company didn't have to pay most of the taxes imported throught the colonies.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    The Boston Tea Party was an act of defiance by a group well - known in the colonies. The Sons of Liberty. The Sons of Liberty got in groups and dressed up as Mohawks and raided the three ships in Boston Harbor. They broke the barrels open and threw the tea into the bay. This was the act that sparked the Revolutionary War.
  • Daughters of Liberty

    Daughters of Liberty
    The Daughters of Liberty were a group of colonial women who participated in the boycotting of British goods. The Daughters of Liberty supported the boycott of tea and cloth produced in England. They urged American colonists to support American businesses and to produce their own products. Sometimes they resorted to radical means…in 1774 the Daughters of Liberty confiscated goods from merchants who inflated their prices after Boston Harbor was blockaded.
  • Coercive Acts

    Coercive Acts
    The Coercive Acts were acts to punish the colonist for the Boston Massacre. The Coercive Acts closed Boston Harbor, shut down town meetings, put in the Quatering Act, and said you were guilty until proven innocent. The colonists called the Coercive Acts the Intolerable Acts.
  • Quartering Act

    Quartering Act
    The Quartering Act states that you must provide shelter for all the officers and soldiers within any town, township, city, district, or place within Britian's rule. If no room in home, you must provide uninhabited houses, outhouses, barns, or other buildings as he shall think necessary to be taken (making a reasonable allowance for the same) and make fit for the reception of such officers and soldiers, and to put and quarter soldiers therein for such time as he shall think proper.
  • Quebec Act

    Quebec Act
    The Quebec Act for making effectual provision for the government of the Province of Quebec. The colonist sent a letter to the King asking him to enact the Quebec Act. Which said, boundaries defined, boundaries of Proclamation of 1763 extended to include territory west to the Mississippi, north to the frontiers of the Hudson's Bay territory, and the islands in the mouth of the St. Lawrence.
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    The first Continental Congress met in Carpenter's Hall in Philadelphia, from September 5, to October 26, 1774. All of the colonies except Georgia sent delegates. These were elected by the people, by the colonial legislatures, or by the committees of correspondence of the respective colonies. The colonies presented there were united in a determination to show a combined authority to Great Britain, but their aims were not uniform at all.
  • Battle of Lexington and Concord

    Battle of Lexington and Concord
    The Battle of Lexington and Concord kicked off the American Revolution. Tensions had been building for many years between residents of the 13 American colonies and the British authorities, particularly in Massachusetts. Hundreds of British troops marched from Boston to nearby Concord in order to seize an arms cache. Paul Revere and other riders sounded the alarm, and colonial militiamen began mobilizing to intercept the Redcoat column. A confrontation on the Lexington town green.
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    Battle of Bunker Hill
    On June 17, 1775, early in the Revolutionary War (1775-83), the British defeated the Americans at the Battle of Bunker Hill in Massachusetts. Despite their loss, the inexperienced colonial forces inflicted significant casualties against the enemy, and the battle provided them with an important confidence boost. Although commonly referred to as the Battle of Bunker Hill, most of the fighting occurred nearby Breed’s Hill.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    The Second Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that started meeting in the summer of 1775, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, soon after warfare in the American Revolutionary War had begun.
  • Signing of the Declaration of Independence

    Signing of the Declaration of Independence
    The Declaration of Independence was signed by many delegates. All from a different colony. Thomas Jefferson and 5 others, helped make a final draft for the Delaration of Independence. The final draft was made on July 4th, 1776.