Road to Revolution

  • Navigation Act

    Navigation Act
    regulated mercantilism (the economic belief that trade generates wealth and is stimulated by increasing profits-to be encouraged by protectionism)
    loosely enforced
    aimed at rival Dutch
    english trade carried in English vessels
    banned foreign ships from transporting goods from outside Europe to England&Colonies
  • Navigation Act

    Navigation Act
    also called the Act for the Encouragement of Trade
    all goods going to colonies must go through England, have its duties paid, and carried i nEnglish vessels
  • Navigation Acts

    Navigation Acts
  • Period: to

    Period of Benign Neglect

    loose enforcement of laws
    tried to keep loyalty through low stress
    made colonies more independent
  • Navigation Acts

    Navigation Acts
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    Queen Anne's War

    aka. War of Spanish Succession
    Spanish vs. English (florida/carolinas)
    Enlish vs. French (canada)
    Florida ceded to Britain
  • Molasses Act

    Molasses Act
    colonies only allowed to buy English West indian sugar
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    King George's War

    part of the War of Austrian Succession
    heavy losses from North British Colonies
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    French and Indian War (Seven Years War)

    English vs. French
    for control of N.A., India and Carribean
    French allied with Native Americans
    English taked colonies for the war debt and tried to reestablish the profits of East india Company
  • Albany Plan

    Albany Plan
    first proposal for unified government for the Thirteen Colonies
    proposed by Benjamin Franklin
    wasn't passed
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    ended the Seven Year's War
    Britain-world's leading colonial empire, earned many tracts of land from France
  • Pontiac's Rebellion

    Pontiac's Rebellion
    Native American warriors attack British forces at Detroit
    captured 8 British forts
  • Period: to

    British Prime Minister George Grenville

    all for taxing/punishing colonists
    authored stamp act
    stirred a lot of trouble for England
  • Proclamation of 1763

    Proclamation of 1763
    prohibited westward expansion
    imposed taxes on colonies for 'protection' from indians along the proclamation line
  • Paxton Boys & their Rebellion

    Paxton Boys & their Rebellion
    Scots-Irish frontiersmen along the Susquehanna River in central Pennsylvania
    murdered 20 Susquehannock in the Conestoga Massacre
    when promised their grievances would be looked into, they disbanded (1764)
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    modified verison of Sugar and Molasses Act
    duty for sugar was lowered but more stricktly enforced
  • Period: to

    Regulator Movement Revolts & Philosophy

    citizans took up arms against corrupt government officials
    catalyst to Revolutionary War
    participants: religious radicals inspired by Great Awakening
  • Mutiny Act

    Mutiny Act
    aka. Quartering Act
    gave us our 3rd amendment
    required colonists to house soldiers in 'peacetime'
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    taxes imposed on printed materials: newspaper, cards, etc
    Patrick Henery led opposition
    Stamp Act Congress made list of reaons why the tax was uncalled for
    many riots and boycotts
    Sons of Liberty believed Parilment would repeal the tax
    Samuel Adams opposed
    Virginia Resolves - Henery's resolutions about the tax
    Declaratory Act told why it's ok to tax colonists
  • Townshend Duties

    Townshend Duties
    aka. Townshend Acts
    supposed to raise revenue and enforce compliance
    taxed the colonists only
    caused boycotts
    partially repealed later
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    citizens threw snowballs, sticks, stones at the British soldiers
    soldiers fired into the crowd killing the civilians
    led to armed rebellion
  • Samuel Adams & Committees of Correspondence

    Adams: founding father who devised committees of correspondence system
    C of C: coordinated responses and shared plans throughout the revolution, worked behind local governments
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    East India Company tried to sell lots of tea to colonies
    colonists saw it as opportunity to be taxed
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    50 disguiesd at Mohawks boarded the ship and dumped all the tea
    Women organized the idea
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    aka. Coercive Actslaws
    passed as a result of the Boston Tea Party
    no more gov for Massachusetts
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    met in Philadelphia
    compact among the colonies to boycott British goods beginning on December 1, 1774
    provided for a Second Continental Congress to meet on May 10, 1775
  • Edenton Proclaimation

    Edenton Proclaimation
    Women organized the tea party in Edenton
  • Lexington and Concord

    Lexington and Concord
    first battle of the Revolutionary War
    colonial victory
  • Thomas Paine's Common Sense

    Thomas Paine's Common Sense
    urged people to go agains Britain
    persuaded for immediate action
    largest circulation of any book so far
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    announced that the 13 colonies were free from British rule
    detailed the grievances the colonists had with the king