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ROAD TO THE CIVIL WAR

  • WILMOT PROVISO

    WILMOT PROVISO
    The Wilmot Proviso, was one of the major events leading to the American Civil War. The Proviso was a amendment to a funding bill that was created by President James K. Polk and was established to fund peace negotiations with Mexico. Submitted by Democratic Congressman David Wilmot to the house of Respresentatives on August 8, 1846 the Proviso was intended to band slavery in any territory to be acquired from Mexico in the Mexican War or any other event in the future.
  • NATIVISM AND THE KNOW NOTHINGS

    NATIVISM AND THE KNOW NOTHINGS
    In the mid-1800's, immigration to the united states was at an all time high.In 1849, they got together to form an undercover organization called the Star-Spangled Banner.They believed in the natives over the immigrants and thought the immigrants had intentions of over throwing the democratic government.Whenever being interrogated about their tasks, the members woould reply "i know nothing".However, in the different territories, they disagreed over the the topic of slavery.
  • The Compromise of 1850

    The Compromise of 1850
    The compromise of 1850 was a basically a series of five bills that were passed in the united states on September 1850.The bills were Intended to slove sectional strive between the slave states of the south and the free states of the North regarding what the status of the territories acquired during the Mexican-American War. The compromise, drafted by Whig Sentator Henry Clay and brokered by Democrat Stephen Douglas, reduced sectional conflict for four years and also delayed the civil war. 
  • THE FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW - 1850

    THE FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW - 1850
    The fugitive slave law (act) was a part of the compromise of 1850. The act was a law legally mandating the return of any runaway slaves, regardless of the status of the state they werein at the time of capture.The law also stated that any federal marshal who didn't arrrest an alleged runaway slave would be fined $1000, and any citizen aiding a slave would face six months imprisonment.The Fugitive Slave law provided jail time for fugitives slaves and required nothern states to return fugitives
  • UNCLE TOM'S CABIN - HARRIET BEECHER STOWE

    UNCLE TOM'S CABIN - HARRIET BEECHER STOWE
    Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin(1852), changed forever how Americans viewed slavery. It demanded that the united states deliver on the promise of freedom and equality, galvanized the abolition movement and contributed to the outbreak of the Civil War. The novel called on citizens to confront the legacy of race relations in the U.S.
  • BLEEDING KANSAS

    BLEEDING KANSAS
    Bleeding Kansas (1854-1861) is the term used to described the period of violence during the setling of the kansas territory.In 1854 the Kansa- Nebraska Act overturned the missouri compromise which once determined the boundry between slave and free states.Popular Sovereignty was being used to determine the staus of the state.Proslavery and free-state settlers flooded Kansas trying to influece the decision.Violence soon erupted as both faction fought for control
  • THE NEW RUPUBLICAN PARTY FORMS

    THE NEW RUPUBLICAN PARTY FORMS
    The Republic Party was formed in the 1850's by anti slavery activists and individuals who believed the government should grant western land to settlers free of charge. The Republic Party was formerly the Whig Party. The name Republican was chosen because it eluded to equality and reminded people of the Democratic-Repubican party founded by Thomas Jefferson.The Republican party also played a leading role in granting women the right to voteand in thecivil rights movement of the 1960s.
  • THE KANSAS NEBRASKA ACT 1854

    THE KANSAS NEBRASKA ACT 1854
    The kansas - Nebraska Act of 1854 created the territories of Kansasand Nebraska, opened new lands, repealed the Mossouri Compromise and most importantly allowed settlers in those new territories to determine if they would allow slavery in their state.
    The Act was expected to ease the tense relations between the North and the South, because the South could exand slavery to new territories but the North s till had the right to abolish it in there's.
  • CHARLES SUMNER BEATING- PRESTON BROOKS

    CHARLES SUMNER BEATING- PRESTON BROOKS
    In May 1856, Charles Sumner presented a speech to the senate.This speech was called "The crime against of Kansas. Charles Sumer was in favor of abolition.He betrayed his colleagues for their proslavery opinion and picked on an old senator, Andrew Butler, making fun of his impaired speech and proslavery veiwpoints.Preston Brooks, Butler's nephew was outraged.He approached Sumner and beat him over the head with a cane.The shock and brain damage left sumner out of his Senate seat for three years.
  • CHARLES SUMNER BEATING - PRESTON BROOKS

    CHARLES SUMNER BEATING - PRESTON BROOKS
    The southerns praised Peston Brooks for his actions. The Northerns were ashmamed. This widened the gap between Northeners and Southners and many new politicalparties were created.
  • THE DRED SCOTT DECISION 1857

    THE DRED SCOTT DECISION 1857
    In March 1857, in one the most controversial event proceding the American Civil War ( 1 861-65), the U.S. Supreme Court issued its decision the in the court issued its decision in the case of Dred Scott v. Sanfort. Dred Scott, a slave who had lived with his owner in a free state before returning to the slave state of missouri.Scott agrue that his time spent in these location entitled him emancipation but the Chief Justice a staunch suppoter of slavery disagreed.
  • THE DRED SCOTT DECISION 1857

    THE DRED SCOTT DECISION 1857
    The Dred Scott decision incensed abolitionist and heightened North-South tensions, which would erupt in war just there years later.
  • LINCOLN DOUGLAS DEBATES

    LINCOLN DOUGLAS DEBATES
    Historians have traditionally regarded the series of seven detables between stephen A. Douglas and Abraham Lincoln during the 1858 Illinois state election campaign as among the most significant statements in American political history. The issues they discussed were not only of critical importance to the sectional conflict over slavery and states rights but also touched deeper questions that continues to influence political discourse.
  • HARPES FERRY INCIDENT

    HARPES FERRY INCIDENT
    In October 1859, the U.S. military arsenal at Harpers Ferry was the target of an assault by an armed band of abolitionists led by John Brown(1800-59).The raid was intented to be the first stage in an elaborate plan to eastablish an independent stronghold of freed slaves in the mountains of Maryland and Virginia.Brown was captred during the raid and later convicted of treason and hanged.The raid imflamed white southern fears of slaves rebellions and increased the tansion prior the civil war.
  • LINCOLN ELECTED PRESIDENT

    LINCOLN ELECTED PRESIDENT
    Abraham Lincoln was elected as the 16 president of the United States over a deeply divided Democratic Party, becoming the first Republicanto wim=n the presidency.In the 1860 election, lincoln again faced Douglas, who represnted the Northern faction of a heavily divided Democratic Party.The announcementof Lincoln's victorysignaled the secession of the Southern states, which since the beginning of the year had been publicly had been publicly threatening secession if the Republicans gained the W.H
  • SOUTHERN SUCESSION-THE CONFEDERACY

    SOUTHERN SUCESSION-THE CONFEDERACY
    When Abraham Lincoln was elected as president in 1860. Southerner felt that the government was becoming too strong. They did not think the government had the right to tell them how they should live.Some southern states decided they had no choice.They decided to secede, the United States.South Carolina was the first to leave the Union and form a new nation.Four months later six other states secede.The union was thus divide on geographic lines. Twenty one Northern and eleven slave states .