Road to Revolution Timeline

  • Sugar act

    Sugar act
    Indirect tax( out of sight= out of mind)
    - Duties on molasses and sugar
    Parliament’s taxes upset colonists
    James Otis-Local leader in Boston
    *** Colonists had no representatives in Parliament, BUT they had to follow their rules.***
    They believed that Parliament could not tax without the colonies permission
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    Tax on all paper products
    Offical stamp/seal on all paper items(proof tax was paid)
    Purchased only with valuable silver coins
    If didn’t purchase=fined or jailed
    Direct tax
    -( in your face tax)
  • Townshend Acts

    Townshend Acts
    Taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea
    Searched for smuggled goods
    Colonist vs troops
    March 5, 1770: soldier strikes colonist
    Crowd gathers and hassles soldier, throwing snowballs and shouting insults
    More troops arrive, colonists get more and more angry
    “Fire if you dare!”
    This became known as the Boston Massacre
    Committees of Correspondence
    Shared idea+ info about the new British laws
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    Passed in 1773 and allowed British East India Company to sell tea directly to colonists
    Lower Prices than colonist merchant prices
    Tax tea cheaper than smuggled tea
    Less smuggling= more tax money
    Boston Tea Party
    Members of Sons of Liberty Dump over 340 chests of tea into Boston Harbor
    Caused problems for loyalists/tories
    Loyalist/Tory= person who remains loyal to the King and Great Britain
  • Intolerable Act

    Intolerable Act
    Passed to punish Boston for Tea Party
    Boston Harbor closed until tea paid for
    Massachusetts charter canceled
    Quartering Act required colonists to house soldiers
    General Thomas Gage became new governor of MA
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Member of Sons of Liberty Dump over 340 chests of tea into Boston Harbor
    Caused problems for loyalists/ Tories
    -Loyalist/Tory= a person in the Colony who remains " loyal to the King & Great Britain
  • First Continental Congress meets

    First Continental Congress meets
    All colonies but Georgia have representatives
    voted to send a " statement of grievances"
    voted to Boycott all British Trade
    Patrick Henry- VA rep. urged colonists to unite against Britain
  • 1000's of Redcoats in Boston

    1000's of Redcoats in Boston
    General Gage brings thousands of British soldiers to Boston with more on the way.
  • Midnight ride of Paul Revere

    Midnight ride of Paul Revere
    Paul Revere rides to warn the Sons of Liberty in Lexington and concord that the " British are coming... The British are coming.."
  • Battles of Lexington & Concord

    Battles of Lexington & Concord
    battle of lexington- 1st battle of American Revolutionary War
    "shot heard round the world"- Ralph Waldo Emerson
    battle of concord- Americans stop British and force them to retreat back to Boston
    American victory
  • Capture of Fort Ticonderoga

    Capture of Fort Ticonderoga
    Benedict Arnold & Ethan Allen capture the fort
    Get all supplies in the fort including cannons
    American Victory
  • Second Continental Congress meet

    Second Continental Congress meet
    Print money
    Set up post office
    Created Continental Army led by George Washington
    Sent Olive Branch asking King to protect their rights
    King hires 30,000 Hessians Soldiers in response
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    Battle of Bunker Hill
    Fought on Breed's Hill
    " Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes"-William Prescott
    BRITISH Victory( Americans ran out of ammunition) British learn defeating Americans would NOT be easy.
  • Washington arrives on outskirts of Boston with Continental troops

    Washington arrives on outskirts of Boston with Continental troops
    Realizes men are disorganized and need discipline
  • " Common Sense" published by Thomas Paine

    Pamphlet inspires more colonists to become patriots
    " Every thing that is right or reasonable pleads for seperation. The blood of the slain, the weeping voice of nature cries, 'TIS TIME TO PART"- Thomas Paine, Common Sense
  • British Surrender Boston

    Washington believes his army is ready and weapons arrive
    Washington puts cannons on Dorchester Heights overlooking Boston
    British retreat- American Victory
  • Second Continental Congress meet again

    Debating on declaring independance
    Thomas Jefferson is the primary author of the document
  • Second Continental Congress votes for Independence

    All 13 colonies vote YES on declaring independence
  • The declaration of independence is signed