Surrender of lord cornwallis canvas john laurens 1820

American Revolution

  • The French and Indian War

    The French and Indian War
    This is a war that was between the french and the indians that starred in 1754 and ended in 1763. This war starred because the French Empire was expanding but it collided with the growing British Empire. This caused them to fight in 3 inclusive wars. Although, after 6 years, the British and the French conflict resurfaced. The rich Ohio River Valley, were the French build a fort on the land but Virginia used militia to get the French off the land sparking the opening of the French and Indian War.
  • Writ of Assistance

    Writ of Assistance
    The Writ of Assistance is a search warrant used my the British officials to search colonial ships. This was put in place because of the colonials smuggling so many goods. This warrant aloud British officials to search colonial homes whether there is evidence of smuggling or not. This outraged merchants in Boston.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    This is a treating that was signed at the end of the French and Indian War. "This let the British claim Canada and virtually all of North America east of the Mississippi. Britain also took Florida and Spain." This treaty also let Spain keep all land that is north of the Mississippi while also getting to keep New Orleans.
  • Proclamation of 1763

    Proclamation of 1763
    This was created to avoid conflict between the Native Americans and the British Government. The proclamation meant that colonist were prohibited from expanding past the Appalachian Mountains. However the colonist were eager to expand, so they ignored the proclamation and expanded west.
  • Sugar Act & Colonist Response

    Sugar Act & Colonist Response
    The Sugar Act was a prompt acted on by Parliament. This was put it in place because colonist and merchants were smuggling goods by ship. Britain found out about the colonial smuggling. They didn't want merchants to be doing business in French-territories.
  • Sons of Liberty is Formed & Samuel Adams

    Sons of Liberty is Formed & Samuel Adams
    The Sons of Liberty is a resistance group that was organized by Boston Shopkeepers, Artisans,and laborers to resist the laws of the Stamp Act. " Parliament lacked power to imposed taxes on colonist because colonists were not represented in Parliament. Samuel Adams is one of the founders of the Sons of Liberty. Which lead to them boycotting British goods.
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    American Revolution(Interesting Facts) P.2

    1. A big number of white Americans stayed loyal to the British crown. "The conflict was more of a civil war than a conventional international contest. Estimates vary, but probably somewhere around a fifth of white colonists refused to accept a complete break with Britain." It seemed to be more about location than the war. (Historyextra.com)"
    The Revolutionary War was a war fought by American Patriots in the 13 colonies to British rule. This war ended with a result in American independence.
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    American Revolution(Interesting Facts) P.1

    1. According to historyextra.com, Independence was not the americans' original aim. "When the war began in April 1775, the colonies sought more autonomy within the British Empire, not complete separation."
    2. "Now most famous as a traitor to the American cause, General Benedict Arnold began the Revolutionary War as one of its earliest heroes, helping lead rebel forces in the capture of Fort Ticonderoga in May 1775.(History.com)"
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    This is an Act that was passed by Parliament which put tax on documents and printed items such at will, newspaper, and playing cards. This caused Boston shopkeepers, artisans, and labors organized a resistance group called the Sons of Liberty.
  • Declaratory Act

    Declaratory Act
    This act was passed by Parliament and let Parliament have complete control “to bind the colonies and
    people of America in all cases whatsoever (History Textbook).”
  • Townshend Act

    Townshend Act
    This act was put in place in order to put tax on goods that were imported into the colony from Britain, such as lead, glass, paint, and paper. This also put a tax on a most favored drink in Britain, Tea. This act caused the Sons of Liberty to boycott British goods once again. It was brought up to Parliament to repeal the Townshend act except for tax on tea because it is what caused the Boston Massacre.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    A mob started to taunt British soldiers who were standing guard at Boston Customs House. The british started to shoot at the colonist were 5 fell dead and 6 wounded.
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    The tea act was devised in order to save nearly bankrupt British East India company. The tea act would cut out colonial merchants and aloud East India company to sell directly to consumers. This caused for people to protest dramatically causing a lot of tension.
  • The Boston Tea Party

    The Boston Tea Party
    It is a night were the some Boston Rebels snuck onto British tea ships and dumped all the tea into the ocean. They ended up dumping 18,000 pounds of tea in to the water of the Boston Harbor
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    One act shut down the Boston Harbor. The second act was the
    Quartering Act, authorized British commanders to house soldiers in vacant private homes and other buildings. Next the declaration of colonial rights was drawn up. This let colonist has the right to run their own affairs although if the British used force against the colonies, the colonies will be aloud to fight back against the British.
  • First Continental Congress Meets

    First Continental Congress Meets
    "56 delegates met in Philadelphia and drew up a declaration of colonial rights." This let colonist defended their right to run their own affairs, although if the British used force against the colonies, the colonies will be aloud to fight back. After the First Continental Congress met, the colonists in Eastern England started stepping up the military preparations.
  • Minutemen

    Minutemen
    According to the history textbook, " Minutemen—civilian soldiers who pledged to be ready to fight against the British on a minute’s notice—quietly stockpiled firearms and gunpowder." They were ordered to march from Boston to nearby Concord, and Massachusetts. They also had to seize illegal weapons.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Some delegates wanted independence, while some of the other delegates argued for reconciliation with Great Britain. the Congress came to a conclusion to agreed to recognize the colonial militia as the Continental Army and appointed George Washington as its commander. George Washington went on to become a great commander.
  • The Continental Army

    Congress created the continental army by agreeing to recognize the colonial militia and appointed George Washington as its commander.
  • The Battle of Concord

    Once the British had reached Concord there were between 3,000 and 4,000 minutemen had assembled by now, and they fired on the marching troops. The British stared to drop, but those remaining marched back to Boston. The minutemen/ colonists had won.
  • The Battle of Lexington

    The British (Redcoats) are marching to Lexington and Concord. When the British had reached Lexington they saw 70 minutemen drawn up in lines on the village green. A small battle lasted for 15 with the first shot coming from a minuteman. The British had won this battle.
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    Thomas Gage wanted to strike at militiamen on breeds hill. Gage sent 2,500 soldiers. The colonist held fire till the last minute. Once all the smoke cleared from the battle and the colonist had backed down. 450 of the colonist have died and over 1,000 casualties to the British troops. Even though there were over 1,000 casualties the British troops still won.
  • Olive Branch Petition

    The Olive Branch Petition was urging to return to “the former harmony” between Britain and the colonies. King George flatly rejected the petition. This made the King create a proclamation, "the colonies were in rebellion and urged Parliament to order
    a naval blockade to isolate a line of ships meant for the American coast."
  • John Locke's Social Contract

    John Locke maintained that people have natural rights to life. So he created a social contract that states, "If the government violates that social contract by taking away or interfering with those rights, people have the right to resist and even overthrow the government."
  • Loyalists and Patriots

    According to the history textbook, "Loyalists—those who opposed independence and remained loyal to the British king—included judges and governors, as well as people of more modest means." and,"Patriots—the supporters of independence—drew their numbers from people who saw political and economic opportunity in an independent America." There were many problems between these two especially for Native Americans.
  • Redcoats push Washington's Army across the Delaware River into Pennsylvania

    The British wanted to seize New York. So they sent 32,000 soldiers in boats to New York Harbor. For being untrained and under equipped. The Continental Army had to retreat.
  • Publication of Common Sense

    This is a 50 page pamphlet that Thomas Paine had written. The pamphlet was written in way that Paine was attacking King George and the monarchy. "Paine declared that independence would allow America to trade more freely. He also stated that independence would give American colonists the chance to create a better society" This ended selling nearly 500,000 copies.
  • Declaration of Independence

    “these United Colonies are, and of a right ought to be, free and independent States.” This is what this declaration was striving for. Virginia lawyer, Thomas Jefferson was chosen to prepare the final draft.
  • Washington's Christmas Night Surprise Attack

    On Christmas of 1776 Washington lead an army of 2,400 on boats to Delaware where they defeated a garrison of Hessians in a surprise attack.
  • Saratoga

    General John Burgoyne planned to lead an army down a route of lakes that lead from Canada to Albany, where he would meet British troops as they arrived from New York City. While he was fighting off the colonial troops, Burgoyne didn’t realize that the British officers were preoccupied with holding Philadelphia. They weren’t coming to meet him. American troops finally surrounded Burgoyne at Saratoga.
  • French-American Alliance

    Because of the victory in Saratoga made the French's belief that the Americans could win the war a reflection. Therefore the French signed an alliance with the Americans and would help them fight.
  • Valley Forge

    Washington and the continental army are desperately low on food and supplies. This lead to 2,000 soldiers being dead.
  • British Victories on the South

    After their defeat at Saratoga. The British began to move south. They easily took Savannah Georgia at the end of 1778. In their greatest victory of the war, Henry Clinton and Charles Cornwallis captured Charles Town, South Carolina, in May 1780. The colonist still continued to fight. The British wanted to move and take Yorktown Virginia.
  • Friedrich von Stuben and Marquis de Lafayette.

    "American troops began an amazing transformation.
    Friedrich von Steuben, a Prussian captain and talented drillmaster, helped to train the Continental Army. Other foreign military leaders, such as the Marquis de Lafayettem also arrived to offer their help.
    Lafayette lobbied France for French reinforcements in 1779,
    and led a command in Virginia in the last years of the war."
  • British Surrender at Yorktown

    After hearing about the British's plan, the armies of Lafayette and Washington moved south toward Yorktown. While the French block off Chesapeake Bay to stop any British ships from getting into the bay. 17,000 French and American troops surrounded the British. Less than a month later Cornwallis surrenders.
  • Treaty of Paris

    The treaty states, "Confirmed U.S. independence and set the boundaries of the new nation. The United States now stretched from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River and from Canada to the Florida border." This was help written by three delegates, John Adams, John Jay, and Benjamin Franklin