In March of 1702, Queen Anne took the throne of England as the new queen. She promptly declared war on the French and Spanish to halt their progress in the Americas
Separation of Carolina
In 1712, the Carolina colony was divided into North and South. Both sides began acting as separate entities
Queen Anne's War Ends
Queen Anne's war ends with the Treaty of Utrecht between France, Spain, and England
King George I takes the throne
In August of 1714, King George I takes the throne succeeding Queen Anne. George also introduced tea to the colonies for the first time this same year
New Orleans Founded by the French
In 1718, the French established New Orleans with large plans for the port of New Orleans to service the Lousiana territory
King George II takes the throne
King George II succeeds King George I
Molasses Act is imposed on the colonies
In 1733, the Molasses Act is imposed on the colonies containing heavy taxation on Molasses, Sugar, and Rum from any non-British entities to punish French and Dutch competition
The Great Awakening
The Great Awakening Movement begins in Massachusetts. This was a religious movement that went against the grain of consumerism and materialistic society that was becoming present in the churches.
England Declares War on Spain
Due to Englands declaration of war on Spain, conflict broke out between Spanish settlements in Florida and English colonies in Georgia and South Carolina
Three violent uprisings led by slaves occur in South Carolina
The Iron Act is passed to limit the power of Iron production in the colonies to preserve the English iron industry
French and Indian War
In 1754, the French and Indian war erupts over a land dispute in the Ohio River Valley. In May, George Washington leads colonists to a victory over the French.
English Suffers Great Defeat at Ticonderoga
Almost 2,000 men are lost on the English side at fort Ticonderoga while the French suffer an estimated loss of 377
King George III takes the Throne
Treaty of Paris, End of "Seven Years War"
In 1763, French and English authorities signed the Treaty of Paris. Under this treaty, England receives all land east of the Mississippi river excluding New Orleans while the Spanish give up east and west Florida in return for Cuba and the West Indies
English Parliament passes the currency act banning the issuing of paper currency in the colonies
The Sugar act is imposed to attempt to offset the costs of the new territories acquired under the Treaty of Paris. This act increased taxes and smuggling penalties ten-fold, greatly angering the colonies as well as doubling the duties paid for items shipped from England.
This act was imposed requiring colonists to supply room and board to British soldiers.
This act was a tax paid directly to England to offset the high costs of recurring war. This required a tax to be paid for every issuance of a printed item
Sons of Liberty Established
In July of 1765, the Sons of Liberty organized as a violent and intimidating underground opposition to the Stamp Act.
Repeal of Stamp Act & The Declaratory Act
In 1766 on the same day, King George III repeals the Stamp Act but passes the Declaratory Act stating that the British government has the ability to legislate any law in the colonies
No Taxation Without Representation
In February, Samuel Adams writes a letter opposing taxation without representation and calling for the colonists to unite in their actions against the British government
The Boston Massacre
A mob harasses British soldiers standing guard in Boston who then fire into the crowd killing 5 and injuring six others.
Tea Act is Imposed
A Taxes of three pennies per pound of tea is imposed and ultimately saves the monopoly of the British East India Trading Company
The Boston Tea Party
After a meeting of Bostonians lead by Sam Adams, a subgroup of these attendees disguise themselves as Tomohawk Indians and board the British ships in the harbor and dump 342 containers of tea into the water.
The Intolerable Acts
After the Boston Tea Party, the English parliament meets to impose an embargo of all commercial ships into the Boston port until the city pays the taxes and loss on the tea dumped.
Renewal of the Quartering Act
This act was much the same as the 1965 act, but this one also authorized the seizing of weapons owned by colonists through the British soldier proxies
The "Shot Heard Around the World"
On this day, Paul Revere rides the countryside all the way from Boston to Lexington warning colonists about the British troop arrival. At Dawn on April 19th, the first shot of the revolutionary war was fired
Battle of Bunker Hill
The first major battle of the war occurs in Boston at the battle of Bunker Hill
England Declares the Colonies in an Open State of Rebellion
Establishment of First American Post Office
Ben Franklin appointed as first Postmaster General
Common Sense is published by Thomas Paine
Thomas Paine writes "Common Sense" appealing to colonists to support the independence by appealing to their "common sense"
United States Declaration of Independence
America officially declares independence from British rule
Nathan Hale is Executed On Espionage
Nathan Hale is found as a spy by British soldiers and executed without trial. His last words were
"I regret that I have but one life to lose for my country."
Washington Secures Large Morale Boost for America
On Christmas Day, Washington valiantly leads his troops into battle across the Delaware River and surprises the British Soldiers with a huge victory allowing them to retake Trenton.
Battle of Saratoga
The first large American victory where British forces lose 600 and American Patriots only lose 150
France Joins in the Fight
France officially declares war on Britain and comes to the aid of American patriots
British Surrender at Yorktown
Officially the last straw for England in the war, the British troops march out in formation surrendering at Yorktown. The event that convinced the British parliament to end the war
England Officially Votes Against Further War
In the House of Commons, British Parliament votes officially lean toward the ending of the war.
Congress Declares End of Revolutionary War
Congress Votes to declare the end of the revolutionary war with the treaty of Paris
Congress Establishes U.S. Mint
"We the People"
Government as we know it is established and signed by 39 delegates.
The three branches of government include
1. Legislative - Senate and House
2. Executive - President. elected every 4 years
3. Judicial - Supreme Court headed by a chief justice
First Presidential Election
The first ballots are sent out to be counted on April 6th
First President of the United States
George Washington is officially voted in as the first President of the United States
The United States Army is Established by Congress
Totaling 1000 men, these were the sworn protectors against foreign threats