Years 1700-1800

  • First Slave Code

    First Slave Code
    The House of Burgesses passed its first comprehensive slave code. Earlier laws had already guaranteed that the children of enslaved women would be born enslaved, conversion to Christianity would not lead to freedom, and enslavers could not free their enslaved laborers unless they transported them out of the colony.
  • First Great Awakening

    First Great Awakening
    Religious revival reforms religion in America, encourages individualism, and questions authority.
  • Stono Rebellion

     Stono Rebellion
    The largest slave insurrection in British North America. A violent reminder that slaves were willing to fight for freedom.
  • Slavery was legal in every North American colony

    Slavery was legal in every North American colony
    By 1750, slavery was legal in every North American colony, but local economic imperatives, demographic trends, and cultural practices all contributed to distinct colonial variants of slavery.
  • Widespread Legality of Slavery

    Widespread Legality of Slavery
    Slavery was legal throughout the region.
  • Seven Year's War

    Seven Year's War
    British victory brought about the fall of French Canada, the expansion of the British Empire which arose the need for increased taxation of colonies, and pushed the thirteen colonies politically closer.
  • Quakers Turn Against Slavery

    Quakers Turn Against Slavery
    Quakers in Pennsylvania disowned members who engaged in the slave trade, the first colonial action against slavery.
  • King George III took the crown

    King George III took the crown
    As King George III became the ruler of Britain, he represented an authoritarian vision of the British empire in which colonies would be subordinate to Britain.
  • The Seven Years’ War ended

    The Seven Years’ War ended
    ended with the peace treaties of Paris and Hubertusburg in 1763. The British received much of Canada and North America from the French, while the Prussians retained the important province of Silesia.
  • Pontiac's War

    Pontiac's War
    Violent conflict with Native Americans alters the British government's policy towards Indians.
  • Royal Proclamation

    Royal Proclamation
    Created the proclamation line marking the Appalachian Mountains as the boundary between the British colonies and land held controlled by Native Americans.
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    The act cut the duty in half but enforced it by having smugglers tried by vice-admiralty courts rather than juries.
  • Currency Act

    Currency Act
    The act restricted the use of paper money and, therefore, hampered intercolonial trade.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    Brought colonial leaders together in an unprecedented show of cooperation against taxes imposed by Parliament, and popular boycotts of British goods created a common narrative of sacrifice, resistance, and shared political identity.
  • Sons of Liberty

    Sons of Liberty
    Formed as a reaction to the Stamp Act in order to direct and organize resistance among colonists.
  • Declaratory Act

    Declaratory Act
    Although Britain repealed the Stamp Act, it asserted that it reserved Parliament's right to impose laws.
  • Townshend Acts

    Townshend Acts
    The act creates new customs duties and was met with an increasingly coordinated resistance
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    Generates sympathy for Boston and anger with Britain
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    The act was met with an open rebellion that dumped all of the tea unto the sea and thus prompted a coercive response from Britain.
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    The acts attempted to increase British control over the colonies through further restrictions.
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    Sought to unite twelve states in a continental resistance of nonimportation, nonexportation, and nonconsumption.
  • American Revolutionary War Begins

    American Revolutionary War Begins
    War breaks out in Lexington and Concord
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    Continental Congress approves the public Declaration of Independence.
  • Battle of Saratoga

    Battle of Saratoga
    American victory convinces the French to join the American Revolution against the British.
  • Siege of Yorktown

    Siege of Yorktown
    American forces led by George Washington joined by French troops siege the army of General Cornwallis. It was the concluding victory of the war that marked the definitive independence of the United States.
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    Continental Congress ratifies the Articles of Confederation, which creates a weak federal government.
  • George Washington is America's first President

    George Washington is America's first President
    Commander in chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War (1775-83) and served two terms as the first U.S. president, from 1789 to 1797.
  • Bank of the United States

    Bank of the United States
    Congress approved a twenty-year charter for the Bank of the United States, as proposed by Alexander Hamilton.
  • Whiskey Rebellion

    Whiskey Rebellion
    The rebellion proves the power of the federal government to quell it and demonstrates that poor westerners viewed the government as their enemy.
  • Religious Liberty

    Religious Liberty
    The First Amendment proclaims no official national religion and guarantees religious liberty.
  • Bill of Rights

    Bill of Rights
    After the debate between Federalists and Anti-Federalists for the ratifying of the constitution, the Bill of Rights is added to the Constitution.
  • Creation of the Cotton Gin

    Creation of the Cotton Gin
    Eli Whitney’s cotton gin allows southern plantations to dramatically expand cotton production.
  • Johns Adam inaugurated as the second president

    Johns Adam inaugurated as the second president
    When Adams became President, the war between the French and British was causing great difficulties for the United States on the high seas and intense partisanship among contending factions within the Nation.