American History By Suzanna Simmiolkjier 1492 Columbus lands in the Caribbean In the 1490's Columbus starts a conquest through the Caribbean. 1521 Cortes conquers the Aztec Hernan Cortes was a Spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztec empire. 1607 The English found Jamestown Virginia The Jamestown settlement in the Colony of Virginia was the first permanent English settlement in the Americas. 1619 First Africans arrive in Virginia via Dutch traders The first Africans in Virginia were a group of twenty and odd captives originally from modern-day Angola who landed at Old Point Comfort in Hampton, Virginia in late August 1619. 1630 Massachusetts Bay Colony is established The Massachusetts Bay Colony, more formally The Colony of Massachusetts Bay, was an English settlement on the east coast of America around the Massachusetts Bay. 1660 British Navigation Acts regulate American colonial trade The Navigation Acts, or more broadly the Acts of Trade and Navigation, was a long series of English laws that developed, promoted, and regulated English ships, shipping, trade, and commerce. 1691 William Penn receives charter for Pennsylvania This charter was the governing document of William Penn's Pennsylvania until the American Revolution. 1735 Libel trial of John Peter Zenger helps establish free press John Peter Zenger was a German printer and journalist in New York City. 1754 French and Indian War begins The French and Indian War was a theater of the Seven Years' War, which pitted the North American colonies of the British Empire against those of the French. 1763 The proclamation of 1763 bans colonists from settling west of the Proclamation Line The Royal Proclamation of 1763 was issued by King George III on 7 October 1763. 1764 Sugar Act imposes new taxes on trade; James Otis argued that taxation without representation violates colonist’s liberties The Sugar Act was passed by Parliament on April 5, 1764, and it arrived in the colonies during an economic depression. 1765 Parliament passed the Stamp Act, triggering protest throughout the colonies The Stamp Act of 1765 was an act of the Parliament of Great Britain which imposed a direct tax on the British colonies in America. 1765 The Stamp Act Imposes taxes on printed materials’ Sons of Liberty organized protests and boycotts The Stamp Act of 1765 was an act of the Parliament of Great Britain which imposed a direct tax on the British colonies in America. 1765 Stamp Act Congress issued Declaration of Rights and Grievances In response to the Stamp and Tea Acts, the Declaration of Rights and Grievances was a document written by the Stamp Act Congress it was passed on October 14, 1765. 1767 Townshend Acts imposes new taxes on trade goods; violators to be tried in vice-admiralty courts The Townshend Acts refers to a series of British acts of Parliament. 1768 Colonial merchants begin nonimportation campaign, refuse to import British goods; Daughters of Liberty help by spinning cloth Nonimportant Agreements were attempts to force British recognition of political rights through application of economic pressure. 1770 British troops fire on colonists in Boston Massacre The Boston Massacre was a confrontation in Boston on March 5, 1770, in which a group of nine British soldiers killed three people of a crowd of three or four hundred who abused them verbally. 1770 British troops shoot colonists at Boston Massacre; most Townshend Acts are repealed The Boston Massacre was a confrontation in Boston on March 5, 1770, in which a group of nine British soldiers killed three people of a crowd of three or four hundred who abused them verbally. 1773 At Boston, Tea Party’ colonists toss British tea in Boston Harbor The Boston Tea Party was an American political and mercantile protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston. 1774 Britain imposes Coercive Acts; First Continental Congress meets, passes the Suffolk resolves, and issues Declaration of Rights and Grievances The First Continental Congress, which was comprised of delegates from the colonies, met in 1774 in reaction to the Coercive Acts. 1775 First shots of the War are fired at Lexington and Concord The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War. 1775 British battle colonial militia at Lexington and Concord: Second Continental Congress meets, Selecting George Washington to Head the Continental Army The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War. 1776 Declaration of Independence is signed The United States Declaration of Independence, formally The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America. 1776 Thomas Paine publishes Common Sense, arguing for independence Common Sense is a 47-page pamphlet written by Thomas Paine in 1775–1776 advocating independence from Great Britain to people in the Thirteen Colonies. 1781 Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown, making the end of the Revolutionary War The siege of Yorktown began on September 28, 1781 and ended on October 19, 1781. 1781 The Articles of Confederation are ratified by the states The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union was an agreement among the 13 original states of the United States of America that served as its first frame of government. 1783 Treaty of Paris is signed, officially recognized the independence of the United States The Treaty of Paris was signed in Paris by representatives of King George III of Great Britain and representatives of the United States of America. 1783 Treaty of Paris ends Revolutionary War The Treaty of Paris, signed in Paris by representatives of King George III of Great Britain and representatives of the United States of America. 1784 America ships being trading with China at the port of Canton Benjamin Shreve, a young American captain, not only engaged in the bulk trade in tea and silk, but spent much of his time shopping in Canton for tortoise shell combs and much more. 1786 Shay’s Rebellion begins in Western Massachusetts Shays' Rebellion was an armed uprising in Western Massachusetts and Worcester in response to a debt crisis among the citizenry. 1787 Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia drafts the Constitution of the United States The Constitutional Convention took place in Philadelphia from May 25 to September 17, 1787. 1788 Constitution is ratified by 11 of the 13 states and goes into effect The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America. 1789 George Washington is elected president of the United States (1789-1797) American political leader, military general, statesman, and Founding Father who served as the first president of the United States.