American Revolution Timeline

  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    The French and Indian War was between the French and Great Britain in the mid 1700s. The French and Great Britain fought three wars beforehand. After six peaceful years, it quickly spread overseas and jump started again, this time the Native Americans were included. This made the hatred between Britain and the colonies even worse.
  • John Locke's Social Contract

    John Locke's Social Contract
    John Locke was a key English philosopher from the Enlightenment and believed that people should have natural rights to life, liberty and property. The people must follow the government rules and the government cannot take away these rights. If the rights were violated by the government, the citizens have the right to fight back and possibly overthrow the government.
  • Writ of Assistance

    The writ of assistance was a general search warrant that gave permission to the British officials to come and search colonists' homes to assure of a smuggling free area.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    The Treaty of Paris was made for the purpose of ending the French and Indian war. The treaty gave Spain the permission to have all of the land west to the Mississippi River. Great Britain claimed Canada and most of the land east to the Mississippi River. France was given a few islands and colonies.
  • Proclamation of 1763

    Proclamation of 1763
    The Proclamation of 1763 created a line following along the Appalachian Mountains, in which the colonists were unable to cross. Although many colonists wanted to expand and find new land, so they wouldn't follow the proclamation and invade the Native Americans' land.
  • Sugar Act and Colonists Response

    Sugar Act and Colonists Response
    George Grenville created the Sugar Acts in hope to pay off the debt from the war. The Sugar act included three main purposes. It decreased the price of foreign made molasses, hoping that people would rather pay cheaper than steal. It also placed taxes on items that previously were not taxed. The colonists were unhappy with the changes, since it would include more taxes and less profit for the merchants.
  • Stamp Act and Colonists Reaction

    Stamp Act and Colonists Reaction
    The stamp act created a tax on documents, and printed items, including newspapers and playing cards. It was the first tax provided directly to the colonists because it was put onto goods and services.
  • Sons of liberty and Samuel Adams

    Sons of liberty and Samuel Adams
    There was a secret group made of shopkeepers and merchants, whom called themselves the Sons of Liberty, which protested the stamp act. Samuel Adams was one of the main founders of the Sons of Liberty and lead them to boycott against British goods.
  • Declaratory Act

    Declaratory Act
    The declaratory act gave the right to combine colonies and all people of America in any circumstances. This act was passed on the same day as the stamp act.
  • Townshend Act and colonists response

    Townshend Act and colonists response
    The act was named after Charles Townshend who was the leading government minister at the time. The act axed goods imported from Britain, for example can be lead, glass, paint, or paper. It also taxed on tea which was the most popular drink of the colonies. It was repealed, except for the tax on tea, due to the fact that the taxes didn't raise enough money to pay for sending British troops to Boston.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    In front of the Boston Customs House, there are British soldiers guarding the House. A mod full of colonists taunted the soldiers, which made the soldiers mad enough to shoot. Many shots were fired and five colonists, including Crispus Attucks was killed or badly wounded.
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    The tea act was made to save the British East India company from going into bankruptcy. The act gave the right to sell its tea free of taxes, which cuts out colonial merchants that sells tea.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Many of the American colonists did not like the Tea act so they decided to act dramatically. A group of Boston rebels dressed up as Native Americans and took action against three British tea ships. They dumped 18,000 pounds of tea into the water of the Boston Harbor.
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    King George III pressured the Parliament to pass a few laws. This included shutting down the Boston harbor. They also told British commanders to become house soldiers in empty houses. At the time, General Thomas Gage became the new governor of Massachusetts.
  • First Continental Congress Meeting

    First Continental Congress Meeting
    In Philadelphia, 56 delegates met and created a declaration of colonial rights. This defended the colonies and allowed the colonies to fight back against the British.
  • Minutemen

    Minutemen are soldiers, mainly previous civilians, who pledged to fight against the British on last minute notices. They would all hide their weapons and gunpowder. Soon, general Thomas Gage found out and ordered troops to find and take away the illegal weapons.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    In the second meeting of colonial leaders, they endlessly debated about calling for independence or reconciliation with Great Britain.
  • Continental Army

    Continental Army
    The Congress agreed to recognize the colonial militia as Continental Army and George Washington as the commander.
  • Loyalists and Patriots

    Loyalists and Patriots
    The loyalists were people who are against the independence of America and are loyal to the British king. Some loyalists can include judges, governors and those working for the British. Patriots are supporters of the fight for America's independence. These people believe that America should have its independence and see political and economic opportunity.
  • Battle of Lexington

    Battle of Lexington
    The Battle of Lexington only lasted 15 min and was a war between 70 minutemen and hundreds of British soldiers. Only one British soldier was injured, but 8 minutemen were killed and 10 were injured.
  • Battle of Concord

    Battle of Concord
    By the time the British soldiers arrived at Concord, there were between 3,000 to 4,000 soldiers lined up and ready to fight. The British soldiers were killed by the dozen, outnumbered and slaughtered. The surviving soldiers marched back to Boston and soon the colonists were enemies of Britain.
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    Battle of Bunker Hill
    The Battle of Bunker Hill is known to be one of the most deadly battles in the war. Thomas Gage decided to fire against the militiamen and sent 2,400 soldiers to fight. The colonists had lost 450 men and the British suffered with over 1,000 casualties.
  • Olive Branch Petition

    Olive Branch Petition
    The Olive Branch Petition asked for peace between Britain and the colonies but was rejected by King George with no compromise.
  • Publication of Common Sense

    Publication of Common Sense
    The Common Sense was a 50 page pamphlet, written by Thomas Paine that attacked against King George and the monarchy. Paine argued to go against the King and his laws. He declared for independence for America and to allow America to trade freely. He asked for a better society and was appreciated by many.
  • Declaration Of Independence

    Declaration Of Independence
    The final draft was written by Thomas Jefferson. The Declaration of Independence gave the colonies freedom and independence in the States. It declared the natural rights of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness and should never be taken away. It declare that all men were created equal and were all given the same rights from birth. On July 2nd, all colonies were voted unanimously to be free and on the 4th they adopted the Declaration of Independence to be free from Britain.
  • Redcoats push Washington's Army

    Redcoats push Washington's Army
    In late fall of 1776, The British armies pushed washington's army across the Delaware River into Pennsylvania. Washington's army was in lack of needed equipment and was poorly trained.
  • Washington's Surprise Christmas Attack

    Washington's Surprise Christmas Attack
    On Christmas night, Washington decided to give a surprise attack. He led 2,400 men to fight in small rowboats across the Delaware River and marched their way to Trenton, New Jersey. The British were left unprepared and lost the battle.
  • Saratoga

    The Americans attacked Burgoyne and he surrendered. Burgoyne thought that his men were available to fight off the colonial troops, but they were preoccupied by Philadelphia. So the American troops soon surrounded him and led him to surrender.
  • Valley Forge

    Valley Forge
    During the alliance between the French and Americans, Washington's Continental Army was extremely low of food and supplies and had to fight to stay alive during the winter at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania. Over 2,000 soldiers died but the survivors decided to stay.
  • Friedrich von Steuben and Marquis de Lafayette

    Friedrich von Steuben and Marquis de Lafayette
    Friedrich von Steuben is a Prussian captain and a well trained drill sergeant. He helped train the Continental Army. Marquis de Lafayette was also a foreign military leader and helped train the Continental Army. Lafayette lobbied the French for reinforcements in 1779 and led in Virginia for the last few years of the war.
  • British Victories in the South

    British Victories in the South
    British had two successful victories, one in Savannah, Georgia and another in Charles Town, South Carolina. At the end of 1778, during a British expedition, the British easily conquered the land. While under General Henry Clinton and Charles Cornwallis, the British continued to conquer Charles Town in May of 1780.
  • French-American Alliance

    French-American Alliance
    After the surrender, in 1778, the French signed an alliance with the Americans and joined them to fight.
  • British surrender at Yorktown

    British surrender at Yorktown
    The colonists continue to battle Cornwallis, although defeated multiple times. The British continue down towards Virginia. Cornwallis led 7,500 men to battle between the James and York rivers. In late September, about 17,000 French and American troops border around the British and fired all day and night. On October 19,1781, Cornwallis surrenders.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    The Treaty of Paris confirms the independence of America and lays down the laws of the new country. At this time, America is from the Atlantic ocean to the Mississippi River, and from Florida to the Canada border. The American committee includes John Adams, John Jay and Benjamin Franklin.
  • Three Facts about the American Revolution

    The American Revolutionary War lasted for eight years starting from April 1775 and ending until September 1783.
    During the war, most people in America didn't take a side and were called "fence sitters." Which meant they did not support the Americans or British.
    About 25,000 American Patriots died during the battles, mainly from diseases from unsanitary prisoners of warship.