American revolution

American Revolution Timeline

By Seawon
  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    As the French empire in North America expanded, it collided with the growing British empire.During the late 17th and first half of the 18th century, France and Great Britain had fought three wars.Each war had begun in Europe and spread to their overseas colonies.
  • Treaty of Paris 1763

    Treaty of Paris 1763
    France gave up all its territories in mainland North America, effectively ending any foreign military threat to the British colonies there.
  • Writ of Assistance

    Writ of Assistance
    A written order issued by a court instructing a law enforcement official, such as a sheriff or a tax collector, to perform a certain task.
  • Proclamation of 1763

    Proclamation of 1763
    It established a proclamation line along the Appalachians, which the colonist were not allowed to cross. However the colonists ignored the line and continued to stream onto native American lands.
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    A law that attempted to curb the smuggling of sugar and molasses in the colonies by reducing the previous tax rate and enforcing the collection of duties. Colonies merchants complained that the Sugar act would reduce their profits. Merchants and traders further claimed that Parliament had no right to tax the colonists because the colonists had not elected representatives to the body.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    It imposed the tax on documents and printed items such as wills, news papers, and playing cards. The stamps would be placed on the items to prove that the tax is a paid. It was a first tax that affected colonists directly because it was levied on goods and services.
  • Sons of Liberty is formed / Samuel Adams

    Sons of Liberty is formed / Samuel Adams
    A secret organization that was created in the Thirteen American Colonies to advance the rights of the European colonists and to fight taxation by the British government. It played a major role in most colonies in battling the Stamp Act in 1765. Samuel Adams was one of it. He was against boycotted British goods.
  • Declaratory Act

    Declaratory Act
    An act of the Parliament of Great Britain, which accompanied the repeal of the Stamp Act and the changing and lessening of the Sugar Act.
  • Townshend Acts

    Townshend Acts
    A series of laws passed by the British government on the American colonies. They placed new taxes and took away some freedoms from the colonists including the following: New taxes on imports of paper, paint, lead, glass, and tea. Colonists being taxed without their voice.
    Money was going to pay for British royal governor salaries.
  • John Locke's Social Contract

    John Locke's Social Contract
    (The idea spread throughout the colonies 1760~1770)John Locke's version of social contract theory is striking in saying that the only right people give up in order to enter into civil society and its benefits is the right to punish other people for violating rights.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    British soldiers shot and killed several people while being harassed by a mob in Boston. The event was heavily publicized by leading Patriots such as Paul Revere and Samuel Adams.
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    Britain gives east Indian Company, to sell tea in the colonies without paying the normal taxes. Colonists were upset and said money american tea merchants were out of business due to the tea act.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Colonists in Boston rebel, dumping 18,000 pounds of East India Company tea into Boston harbor.
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    Punish Boston and all of Massachusetts, in the spring of 1774 parliament passes a series of laws known as the coercive Acts.
    Colonists opposed this act because they were being restricted to land claims.
  • Minutemen

    Minutemen
    Minutemen were civilian colonists who independently organized to form well-prepared militia companies self-trained in weaponry, tactics, and military strategies from the American colonial partisan militia during the American Revolutionary War.
  • (Interesting fact 1)Independence

    (Interesting fact 1)Independence
    Each colony had its own local government. In 1774 they each elected officials to represent them at the First Continental Congress. This was the first effort of the colonies to unite and make a single government. In 1776 the Second Continental Congress declared the independence of the United States from Great Britain.
  • First continental congress meets

    First continental congress meets
    From each of the 13 colonies except for Georgia met in Philadelphia as the First Continental Congress to organize colonial resistance to Parliament's Coercive Acts.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    Colonies leader called the second continental congress in Philadelphia to debate their next move. It functioned as a de facto national government at the outset of the Revolutionary War by raising armies, directing strategy, appointing diplomats, and writing treatises such as the Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms and the Olive Branch Petition. They agreed George Washington as its commander.
  • (Interesting fact 2)The first shot

    (Interesting fact 2)The first shot
    The first shot fired in the American Revolution was on April 19, 1775 and is called the "shot heard round the world". The shot heard round the world took place on April 19, 1775 after British troops searching for ammunition stockpiles in Concord encountered the local minutemen. The battle came to be known as the Battle of Concord.
  • (Interesting fact 3)How long was the Amer. Revolution?

    (Interesting fact 3)How long was the Amer. Revolution?
    Though preceded by years of unrest and periodic violence, the Revolutionary War began in earnest on April 19, 1775 with the battles of Lexington and Concord. The conflict lasted a total of seven years, with the major American victory at Yorktown, VA in 1781 marking the end of hostilities.
  • loyalists and patriots

    loyalists and patriots
    The Revolutionary War split the people of the American colonies into two groups: Loyalists were American colonists who stayed loyal to the British Crown during the American Revolutionary War, often called Tories, Royalists, or King's Men at the time. They were opposed by the "Patriots", who supported the revolution, and called them "persons inimical to the liberties of America".
  • battle of concord

    battle of concord
    On the night of April 18, 1775, hundreds of British troops marched from Boston to nearby Concord in order to seize an arms cache. A confrontation on the Lexington town green started off the fighting, and soon the British were hastily retreating under intense fire.
  • Midnight Riders(Revere, Dawes, Prescott)

    Midnight Riders(Revere, Dawes, Prescott)
    On the night of April 18, Joseph Warren assigned Dawes, along with Revere, the mission of riding north to Lexington to warn Samuel Adams and John Hancock of their impending arrest, and to alert the colonial minutemen that the British were on the move.
  • battle of lexington

    battle of lexington
    it was the unofficial beginning of the Revolutionary War. This was the first time the colonial army fought the British army. After the fighting occurred at Lexington, the British moved on to fight at Concord. The Americans won the battle.
  • continental army

    continental army
    The Continental Army was formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the ex-British colonies that became the United States of America. General George Washington was the commander-in-chief of the army throughout the war.
  • Olive Branch Petition

    Olive Branch Petition
    A final attempt by the colonists to avoid going to war with Britain during the American Revolution. It was a document in which the colonists pledged their loyalty to the crown and asserted their rights as British citizens.
  • battle of bunker hill

    battle of bunker hill
    the British defeated the Americans at the Battle of Bunker Hill in Massachusetts. Despite their loss, the inexperienced colonial forces inflicted significant casualties against the enemy, and the battle provided them with an important confidence boost.
  • declaration of independence

    declaration of independence
    One of the most important documents in the history of the United States. It was an official act taken by all 13 American colonies in declaring independence from British rule.
  • Redcoats push Washington's army across the Delaware River into Pennsylvania

    Redcoats push Washington's army across the Delaware River into Pennsylvania
    the continental army attempted to defend New York in late August, the untrained and poor equipped colonial troops soon retreated. On late fall, the British had pushed Washington's army across the Delaware river into Pennsylvania.
  • Publication of Common Sense

    Publication of Common Sense
    Common Sense was a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine in 1775–76 advocating independence from Great Britain to people in the Thirteen Colonies. Writing in clear and persuasive prose, Paine marshaled moral and political arguments to encourage common people in the Colonies to fight for egalitarian government.
  • Washington's Christmas night surprise attack

    Washington's Christmas night surprise attack
    George Washington's crossing of the Delaware River, which occurred on the night of December 25–26, 1776, during the American Revolutionary War, was the first move in a surprise attack organized by George Washington against the Hessian (German mercenaries) forces in Trenton, New Jersey, on the morning of December 26. Washington crossed the Delaware River so that his army could attack an isolated garrison of Hessian troops located at Trenton, New Jersey.
  • Saratoga

    Saratoga
    The Battles of Saratoga marked the climax of the Saratoga campaign, giving a decisive victory to the Americans over the British in the American Revolutionary War.
    John Burgoyne is best known for his role in the American Revolutionary War. He designed an invasion scheme and was appointed to command a force moving south from Canada to split away New England and end the rebellion. Surrounded, Burgoyne fought two small battles near Saratoga to break out.
  • Valley Forge

    Valley Forge
    Valley Forge functioned as the third of eight military encampments for the Continental Army's main body, commanded by General George Washington. In September 1777, British forces had captured the American capital of Philadelphia.
  • french american alliance

    french american alliance
    The Franco-American alliance was the 1778 alliance between the Kingdom of France and the United States during the American Revolutionary War. Formalized in the 1778 Treaty of Alliance, it was a military pact in which the French provided many supplies for the Americans.
  • british move south

    british move south
    1778-a british expedition easily took Savannah, Georgia. Henry clinton and Charles Cornwallis captured Charles town South carolina in may 1780. 1781-Cornwallis led his army of 7500 onto peninsula between the james and york rivers and camped at yorktown.
  • friedrich von steuben and marquis de lafayette

    friedrich von steuben and marquis de lafayette
    in Feb 1778, in the mist of the frozen winter at valley forge, American troops began an amazing transformation. Friedrich von steben, a Prussian captain and talented drillmaster, helped to train the continental army. other foreign military leader such as marquis de lafayette, also arrived to offer their help. Lafayette lobbied France reinforcements in 1779, and led a command in viginia in the last years of the war. with their help, the raw continental army became an effective fighting force.
  • British surrender at yorktown

    British surrender at yorktown
    After three weeks of non-stop bombardment, both day and night, from cannon and artillery, Cornwallis surrendered to Washington in the field at Yorktown on October 17, 1781, effectively ending the War for Independence.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    Peace talks began in Paris in 1782. The American negotiating team included John Adams, John Jay of New York, and Benjamin Franklin. In September 1783, the delegates signed the treaty of paris, which confirmed U.S. independence and set boundaries of the new station.
    America now stretches through Atlantic ocean to Mississippi River and from Canada to florida border.