Road to Revolution

  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    – Indirect tax ( out of sight=out of mind ) – Duties on molasses and sugar
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    – Tax on all paper products – Official stamp/seal on all paper items ( proof tax was paid ) – If didn’t purchase=fined or jailed – Direct tax
    – (in your face tax)
  • Declaratory Act

    Declaratory Act
    – Parliament declares it has power to make laws for the colonies “in all cases whatsoever”
    – Parliament passes this to save face
  • Townshend Act

    Townshend Act
    – Taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea
    – Searched for smuggled goods – Sons of Liberty start to do violent acts
    -British Soldiers arrive to protect tax collects
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    – Crowd gathers and hassles soldiers, throwing snowballs and shouting insults.
    – More troops arrive, colonists get more and more angry
    – “Fire if you dare!”
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    – Passed in 1773 and allowed British East India Company (BEIC) to sell tea directly to colonists
    – Lower Prices than colonists merchant prices
    – Tax Tea cheaper than smuggled tea
    – Less smuggling= more tax money
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    – Members of Son of Liberty Dump over 340 chests of tea into Boston Harbor
    – “Boston harbor is a teapot tonight!”
    – Caused problems for loyalists/Tories
    –Loyalist/Tory= a person in the Colony who remains “loyal” to the King and Great Britain
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    – Passed to punish Boston for Tea Party
    – Boston Harbor Closed until tea paid for
    – Massachusetts Charter canceled
    – Royal officials had trial in Britain
    – Quartering Act required colonists to house soldiers
    – “If a soldier comes knocking at the door… you’re sleeping on the floor.”
    – Large amount of land given Quebec
    – General Thomas Gage became new governor of MA
  • Quartering Act

    Quartering Act
    – Quartering Act required colonists to house soldiers
    – “If a soldier comes knocking at the door… you’re sleeping on the floor.”
  • Continental Congress meets

    Continental Congress meets
    – All colonies but Georgia have representatives
    – Voted to send a “statement of grievances”
    – Voted to Boycott all British Trade
    – Patrick Henry- VA rep. Urged colonists to unite against Britain
  • 1,000 Red Coats

    1,000 Red Coats
    General Gage brings thousands of British soldiers to Boston with more on the way
  • Midnight ride of Paul Revere

    Midnight ride of Paul Revere
    Paul Revere rides to warn the sons of Liberty in Lexington and Concord that the “British are coming… The British are coming..”
  • Battle of Lexington and Concord

    Battle of Lexington and Concord
    Battle of Lexington–
    – 1st battle of America Revolutionary War
    – “shot heard round the world”- Ralph Waldo Emerson
    – BRITISH Victory
    Battle of Concord
    – Americans Stop British and force them to retreat back to Boston
  • Fort Ticonderoga

    Fort Ticonderoga
    – Benedict Arnold and Ethan Allen capture the fort
    – Get all supplies in the fort including cannons
    – AMERICAN Victory
  • Second Continental Congress meet

    Second Continental Congress meet
    – Print $$$$
    –set up post office
    – Created Continental Army led by George Washington
    – sent Olive Branch asking King to protect their rights
    – King hires 30,000 Hessians Soldiers in response
  • Bunker Hill

    Bunker Hill
    – Fought in Breed’s Hill
    – “Don’t Fire until you see the whites of their eyes”- William Prescott
    – BRITISH Victory (Americans ran out of ammunition) British learn defeating Americans would NOT be easy
  • Washington arrives on outskirts of Boston with Continental troops

    Washington arrives on outskirts of Boston with Continental troops
    – Realizes men are disorganized and need discipline
    – Need weapons
  • Common Sense

    Common Sense
    – pamphlet inspires more colonists to become patriots
    – “Everything that is right or reasonable pleads for separation. The blood of the slain, the weeping voice of nature cries, ‘TIS TIME TO PART” - Thomas Paine, Common Sense
  • British Surrender Boston

    British Surrender Boston
    – Washington believes his army is ready and weappons arrive
    – Washington puts cannons on Dorchester Heights overlooking Boston
    – British retreat- AMERICAN victory
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    – Debate on declaring independence
    – Thomas Jefferson is the primary author of the document
  • Votes for Independence

    Votes for Independence
  • Declaration of Independence is signed

     Declaration of Independence is signed