Sugar ActIndirect Tax ( out of sight = out of mind).
Duties on molasses and sugar.
Stamp ActTax on all paper products
Official stamp/seal on all paper items (Proof tax was paid)
Purchased only with the valuable silver coins
If didn't purchase=fined or jailed
Protested Stamp Act, Feeling rights were violated.
(In your face tax)
Repealing Stamp AcBoycott
Refusal to buy stamps or paper goods
Stamp Act congress
Declaratory ActParliament declares it has power to make laws for the colonies ¨in all cases whatsoever¨
Parliament passes this to save face
Townshend ActsTaxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea
Searched for smuggled goods
Sons of Liberty start to do violent acts
British soldiers arrive to protect tax collectors
The Boston MassacreProtesters clashed with redcoats
Redcoats are British soldiers
Five colonists were killed
Tea ActPassed in 1773 and allowed British East India Company (BEIC) to sell tea directly to colonists
Lower Prices than colonist merchant prices
Tax Tea cheaper than smuggled tea
Less smuggling = more tax money
Colonial Merchants feared (BEIC) would put them out of business
The Boston Tea PartyMembers of Sons of Liberty dumped 340 chests of tea into Boston Harbor.
Intolerable ActsPassed to punish Boston for Tea Party
Boston Harbor Closed until tea paid for
Massachusetts Charter canceled
Royal officials had trial in Britain
Quartering Act required colonists to house soldiers
¨If a soldier comes knocking at the door . . . . you´re sleeping on the floor¨
Large amount of land given to Quebec
General Thomas Gage became new governor of MA
First Continental CongressThe First Continental Congress was a meeting of delegates. They held the meeting so they could deal with the Intolerable Acts. Georgia was the only one that didn't send a representative to the Congress. They agreed that they would boycott all of British goods first, if parliament would not repeal the Intolerable Acts.
1,000´s of Redcoats in BostonGeneral Gage brings thousand of British soldiers to Boston with more on the way.
Midnight Ride of Paul ReverePaul Revere rides to warn the Sons of Liberty in Lexington and Concord that the ¨British are coming. . . The British are coming. . .¨
Battles of Lexington & ConcordBattle of Lexington-
1st battle of American Revolutionary War
¨shot heard round the world¨ - Ralph Waldo Emerson
Battle of Concord-
Americans Stop British and force them to retreat back to Boston
Capture of Fort TiconderogaBenedict Arnold & Ethan Allen capture the fort
Get all supplies in the fort including cannons
The Second Continental Congress MeetContinental Congress decided to meet again
Set up post office
Created Continental Army led by George Washington
Sent Olive Branch asking King to protect their rights
King hires 30,000 Hessians Soldiers in response
Battle of Bunker HillFought on Breed's Hill
¨Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes¨”- William Prescott
BRITISH Victory (Americans ran out of ammunition) British learn defeating Americans would NOT be easy.
¨Common Sense¨ published by Thomas PainePamphlet inspires more colonists to become patriots
¨Everything that is right or reasonable pleads for separation. The blood of the slain, the weeping voice of nature cries, ¨TIS TIME TO PART¨ – Thomas Paine, Common Sense
British Surrender BostonWashington believes his army is ready & weapons arrive
Washington puts cannons on Dorchester Heights overlooking Boston
BRITISH retreat – AMERICAN Victory
The Second Continental Congress meet againDebate on declaring independence
Thomas Jefferson is the primary author of the document
The Second Continental Congress votes for IndependenceAll 13 colonies vote YES on declaring independence
Washington arrives on outskirts of Boston with Continental troopsRealizes men are disorganized & need discipline
The Declaration of Independence is signed!!