They had tax on all paper products, legal documents, license, newspapers, pamphlets, and playing cards. They also had official stamps and/or seals on all paper items which proved that all taxes was paid.
Parliament declared its power to make laws for the colonists quote on quote, in all cases whatsoever. The Parliament passed around this to save face.
Repealing Stamp Act
They had Boycott. They refused to buy stamps or paper goods. They had Stamp Act Congress.
Townshend Act Repealed
Due to the tension in colonies almost all of the Townshend Acts were repealed. The tea continued to be taxed. High demand for tea in colonies despite Boycott.
The Townshend Acts had taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea. People searched for smuggled goods. The Sons of Liberty started to do violent acts, the British soldiers arrived to protect the tax collectors
The Boston Massacre
The Red Coats fired at a protesting crowd.
The protesters insulted The Red Coats (the British soldiers)
The Red Coats had weapons but the protestors did not, instead, they had rocks and crops.
The Tea Act allowed the British East India Company to sell tea directly to colonists. Lower prices than colonists merchant prices. Tea tax was cheaper smuggled tea. Less smuggling was equivalent to more tax money. The colonial Merchants feared BEIC would put them out of business.
Boston Tea Party
Members of the Sons of Liberty dumped over 340 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor. That caused problems for loyalist/Tory = a person in the Colony who remained "loyal" to the King & Great Britain.
The Intolerable Acts were passed to punish Boston for the tea party. The Boston Harbor was closed until the tea was paid for. Massachusetts Charter was canceled. The Royal officials had a trial in Britain. The Quartering Act required colonists to house soldiers. "If a soldier comes knocking at the door... your sleeping on the floor" Large amount of land was given to Quebec. General Thomas Gage became new governor of MA.
First Continetal Congress
The First Continental Congress was a meeting of delegates from 12 of the 13 British Colonies, that met to deal with the Intolerable Acts. Georgia was the only colony that did not send a representative to the Congress. They agreed to boycott British goods at first, if Parliment would not repeal the Intolerable Acts.
First Continental Congress meets
Leaders from the twelve of the thirteen colonies attended the meeting. Georgia did not send a representative. Massachusetts sent fiery Samuel Adams and his lawyer cousin, John Adams.
1,000's of Redcoats in Boston
General Gage brung thousands of British soldiers to Boston with more on the way.
Midnight ride of Paul Revere
Paul Revere rode his horse all the way to Lexington to warn all the Sons of Liberty to spread the word that the "British are coming" he says this twice so that everyone knows.
Battle of Lexington & Concord
The 1st battle of Lexington of an American Revolutionary War. No one knew who fired the first shot but Ralph Waldo Emerson explains that there was a "shot heard round the world" The battle between Concord had Americans who stopped the British and forced them to retreat. The American soon after claimed victory.
Capture of Fort Ticondergoa
Bendict Arnold and Ethan Allen had captured the fort and got all supplies in the fort including cannons, of course, the Americans claimed victory.
Second Continental Congress Meet
They printed money and set up an office. The Continental Army was led by George Washington. They sent Olive Branch and asked to protect the colonists rights. Instead of agreeing he declined and sent 30,000 Hessians Soldiers.
Battle of Bunker Hill
They fought on Breed's Hill. William Prescott shouted, "Dont fire until you see the whites of their eyes". British Victory, the Americans unfortunately ran out of ammunition, which made the British learn defeating Americans would NOT have been easy.
Washington Arrives on outskirts of Boston with Continental troops
The men realized they are disorganized and needed discipline. They also realized they needed weapons.
Common Sense Published by Thomas Paine
The pamphlet inspired more colonists to become patriots. Thomas Paine once said, "Everything that is right or reasonable pleads for separation. The blood of the stain, the weeping voice of nature cries, 'ITS TIME TO PART'.
British Surrender Boston
Washington believed that his army were ready so the weapons arrived. Washington put the cannons on Dorchester Heights that overlooked Boston. British retreated and America was victorious.
Second Continental Congress meet.. again.
They debated on declaring independence. Thomas Jefferson was the primary author of the document.
Second Continental Congress voted for Independence
All of the 13 colonies voted 'YES" for declaring independence.