Canada purchases Rupert's landCanada purchases Rupert's land from Hudson's bay company for 1.5M. The people weren't notified of this purchase and didn't have any say in it, left with many questions about their way of life if Canada got control over their land.
Hudson's bay withdrew it's governmentHudson's bay company withdrew its laws in January. However, Canda establishes it's government on December. They had 12 months of no governments
surveyors begins to examining the landCanadian surveyors were driving steaks into the ground. However, Metis thought the land was theirs and were worried about the surveyors in their territory. They heard many rumours of the awful things that Canada was going to do to them.
Louis Riel who was metis and spoke English, as well as French, told the surveyors to leave.
standoff of surveyors and metisCanada doesn't have control over Rupert's land until dec. However, Canada sent surveyors into the land to prepare it for settlement. The metis was alarmed and Louis Riel and 17 others drove them out of their land. If metis was going to be apart of the new country, they wanted to be protected.
william mc dougall appointed Liet govenorWilliaml was appointed to control the new Rupert's land that the canadiens bought. he reads this proclamation to no one in rupert's land. but was blocked out of fort garry
metis's own provisional(temporary)governmentThey wanted to protect their lands from a foreign country.
So, they took over fort Garry at nov 2nd and set up their own government.
Canda thought this as a rebellion.
metis just wanted a voice in their government. So they sent a bill of right to Canda
bill of rights1.to enter Canada as a province, not a territory.
2. to elect and send 4 mp to Ottawa
3.contol their local affairs
4. to use English and french equally
5.to keep their traditions
6. The ability of the first nations to negotiate treaties with the government.
Thomas scott executiona group of settlers from Ontario called the Canada party opposed the new government and had no respect for the metis. When the party took up arms against the metis, they were put in jail. Thomas Scott was one of them, he threatened to kill Riel and insulted the metis until his guards lost patience with him and executed him.
effects of Scott's executionthe execution cause an uproar. The people in Ontario were outrageous. The media called for revenge. They blamed riel for this and had an award for his arrest.
the roman catholic sided with Riel, that he has done the right thing.
manitoba actAfter many debates after the execution of riel Macdonald ended the crisis at Red River with the Manitoba act.
This act was a victory for the metis because as a province, they have much more say in the government.
Many settlers came to Manitoba, however, the metis slowly became dissatisfied with the act. Some metis didn't get the land they were promised, others sold their scrip and moved to Saskatchewan to join the other metis, following their way of life.
Riel fleesRiel was content with the act, and gave the control to Ottwaa.
Macdonald sent 1200 troops to red river, saying to protect them from the americans. As they neared Winnipeg, Riel fled to the U.S, becasue he thought they came for him for revenge of Scott. Some of the troops did come for revenge and killed many metis.
This was a sad start for the new province of Canada
metis resistenceThis is the time when The metis resistance happened.
starting in June 1869 to July 1870