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Programming Languages Timeline

  • Plankalkul

    Plankalkul was created in 1948 by a German pioneer named Konrad Zuse. Zuse created Plankalkul so his machines could be programmed.
  • Fortran

    Fortran was created in 1957 by John Backus. It was designed to be able to easily tranlate math formulas into code. Fortran stands for Formula Translation.
  • Math-Matic

    Math-Matic was created in 1957 by a team, which was led by Charles Katz. Math-Matic was a languae intended to be used on the UNIVAC and to improve Fortran.
  • Lisp

    Lisp was created in 1958 by John McCarthy. Lisp was created for programs to have systems consisting of math. Lisp became a very apparent language in artificial intelligence.

    COBOL was designed in 1959 by a group of programmers, which consisted of Howard Bromberg, Howard Discount, Vernon Reeves, Jean E. Sammet, William Selden, and Gertrude Tierney. It was designed for business purposes such as maintaining payrolls and preparing budgets. COBOL stands for Common, Business-Oriented Language.
  • RPG

    RPG was created in 1959 by IBM. RPG was created for business purposes such as a report writing tool for IBM. RPG stands for Report Program Generator.

    BASIC was created in 1964 by John G. Kemeny and Thomas E. Kurtz. It was created to easily teach students basic programming skills hence, the acronym stood for Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code.
  • LOGO

    LOGO was created in 1967. It was designed by Wally Feurzeig, Daniel Bobrow, Seymour Papert, and Cynthia Solomon. LOGO was created for educational purposes for younger kids.
  • B

    B was created in 1969. B was designed by Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie. It was created for machine applications like language software.
  • Pascal

    Pascal was designed in 1968-1969 but wasn't published until 1970. Pascal was designed by Niklaus Wirth. It was designed to teach students programming structures to college stuedents. It was named after the mathmatician Blaise Pascal.
  • C

    C was in the making since 1969, but was not released until 1972. It was created by Dennis Ritchie. It was created to design an operating system called UNIX.
  • ML

    ML was created in 1973 by Robin Milner. ML was created to make proof tactics of a theorem called LCF. ML also used algorithms that inferred expressions without annotations. ML is short for metalanguage.
  • SQL

    SQL was designed in 1974 by Donald D. Chamberlin and Raymond F. Boyce. SQL was designed to manipulate and get date that was saved in IBM's database sysyem. SQL is an acronym for Structured Query Language.
  • ADA

    ADA was created in 1983 by Jean Ichbiah and his team, who were under a contract of the US's Department of Defense. It was created for efficient long-lived applications. ADA is not an acronym, but it was named after Augusta Ada Lovelace, who is sometimes considered the first programmer.
  • C++

    C++ was being worked on since 1979, but was not released until 1983. It was created by Bjarne Stroustrup. Stroustrup's purpose behind creating C++ was to make writing programs easier for all programmers. He named it C++ because it was derived and influenced by C, except C++ had new features.
  • Python

    Python was created in 1991 by Guido van Rossum. Rossum created python because he needed a language that would be suitable with the Amoeba operating system, so he decided to created one himself instead of using an already exisisting language.
  • Visual Basic

    Visual Basic was developed in 1991 by Microsoft. Visual Basic was created to make writing and developing programs in Microsoft a lot easier.
  • Delphi

    Delphi was created in 1995 by a software company called Borland It was designed to act as a tool in Microsoft applications.
  • Java

    Java was created in 1995 and designed by James Gosling. Java was created so that there would be a language for digital devices like televisions.
  • Javascript

    Javascript was created in 1995 by Brendan Eich. It was created to act as a scripting language for the internet because it was created under Netscape, a company who had just released a successful web browser.
  • PHP

    PHP was created in 1995 by Rasmus Lerdorf. It was created to be able to build web applications with more ease. PHP was originally an acronym for Personal Home Page, but later was an acronym for Hypertext Preprocessor.