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Programming Languages Timeline

  • Plankalkül

    Plankalkül is a programming language designed for engineering purposes by Konrad Zuse between 1943 and 1945. It means plan calculus.
  • Fortran

    FORTRAN was developed by a team of programmers at IBM led by John Backus, and was first published in 1957. The name FORTRAN is an acronym for FORmula TRANslation, because it was designed to allow easy translation of math formulas into code

    Developed by Grace Hopper and others in 1957. Intended as an improvement over FORTRAN. MATH-MATIC is the marketing name for the AT-3 compiler, an early programming language for the UNIVAC I and UNIVAC II.
  • Lisp

    Lisp was originally created as a practical mathematical notation for computer programs, influenced by the notation of Alonzo Church's lambda calculus. It quickly became the favored programming language for artificial intelligence (AI) research. The name LISP derives from "LISt Processor". Developed by Steve Russell, Timothy P. Hart, and Mike Levin.

    COBOL was designed in 1959, by CODASYL and was partly based on previous programming language design work by Grace Hopper. It was designed by Howard Bromberg, Howard Discount, Vernon Reeves, Jean E. Sammet, William Selden, Gertrude Tierney. COBOL (/ˈkoʊbɒl/, an acronym for common business-oriented language) is a compiled English-like computer programming language designed for business use. It is imperative, procedural and, since 2002, object-oriented. COBOL is primarily used in business, finance,
  • RPG

    RPG was first developed by IBM in 1959. It stands for Report Program Generator. Originally RPG was a tool to replicate punched card processing on the IBM 1401. The current version provides a modern programming environment.

    In 1964, John G. Kemeny and Thomas E. Kurtz designed the original BASIC language at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire. BASIC (an acronym for Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is a family of general-purpose, high-level programming languages whose design philosophy emphasizes ease of use.
  • LOGO

    Logo is an educational programming language, designed in 1967 by Daniel G. Bobrow, Wally Feurzeig, Seymour Papert and Cynthia Solomon. The language was originally conceived to teach concepts of programming related to Lisp. It was later used to enable "body-syntonic reasoning" where students could understand the turtle's motion by imagining what they would do if they were the turtle. "Logo" is not an acronym. It was derived from the Greek logos meaning "word" or "thought".
  • B

    B is a programming language developed at Bell Labs circa 1969. It is the work of Ken Thompson with Dennis Ritchie. B was derived from BCPL, and its name may be a contraction of BCPL. Thompson's coworker Dennis Ritchie speculated that the name might be based on Bon, an earlier, but unrelated, programming language that Thompson designed for use on Multics. B was designed for recursive, non-numeric, machine independent applications, such as system and language software.

    PASCAL was designed in 1968–69 and published in 1970 by Niklaus Wirth as a small and efficient language intended to encourage good programming practices using structured programming and data structuring.
  • C

    C was originally developed by Dennis Ritchie between 1969 and 1973 at AT&T Bell Labs, and used to re-implement the Unix operating system. C is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
  • ML

    ML is a general-purpose functional programming language developed by Robin Milner and others in the early 1970s. Historically, ML stands for metalanguage: it was conceived to develop proof tactics in the LCF theorem prover.
  • SQL

    SQL or Structured Query Language is a special-purpose programming language designed for managing data held in a relational database management system (RDBMS), or for stream processing in a relational data stream management system (RDSMS).it was designed by Donald D. Chamberlin and Raymond F. Boyce, however it was Developed by ISO/IEC. It was developed in 1974.
  • C++

    Bjarne Stroustrup, a Danish computer scientist, began his work on C++'s predecessor "C with Classes" in 1979. It was designed with a bias toward system programming and embedded, resource-constrained and large systems, with performance, efficiency and flexibility of use as its design highlights. Originally it was named "C with Classes" but in 1983, it was renamed from C with Classes to C++ ("++" being the increment operator in C).
  • ADA

    Designed by a team led by Jean Ichbiah of CII Honeywell Bull under contract to the United States Department of Defense (DoD) from 1977 to 1983 to supersede the hundreds of programming languages then used by the DoD. Ada was named after Ada Lovelace. Ada is designed for development of very large software systems.
  • Java

    James Gosling, Mike Sheridan, and Patrick Naughton initiated the Java language project in June 1991. Java was originally designed for interactive television, but it was too advanced for the digital cable television industry at the time. The language was initially called Oak after an oak tree that stood outside Gosling's office. Later the project went by the name Green and was finally renamed Java, from Java coffee. It was designed to be "write once, run anywhere" because it has no-cost run times
  • Python

    Devloped by Python Software Foundation and designed by Guido van Rossum in 1991. Python is a widely used general-purpose, high-level programming language. Its design philosophy emphasizes code readability, and its syntax allows programmers to express concepts in fewer lines of code than would be possible in languages such as C++ or Java. The author was a fan of the Monty Python's Flying Circus.
  • Visual Basic

    Visual Basic
    Developed by Microsoft in 1991, Visual Basic was designed to accommodate a steep learning curve. Programmers can create both simple and complex GUI applications.
  • PHP

    PHP is a server-side scripting language designed for web development but also used as a general-purpose programming language. Originally created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994. PHP originally stood for Personal Home Page, it now stands for the recursive backronym PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor.
  • Delphi

    Delphi was originally developed by Borland as a rapid application development tool for Windows, and as the successor of Borland Pascal. Borland developer Danny Thorpe suggested the Delphi codename in reference to the Oracle at Delphi. One of the design goals of the product was to provide database connectivity to programmers as a key feature and a popular database package at the time was Oracle database; hence, "If you want to talk to [the] Oracle, go to Delphi"
  • Javascript

    JavaScript was originally developed in 10 days in May 1995 by Brendan Eich. Although it was developed under the name Mocha, the language was officially called LiveScript when it first shipped in beta releases of Netscape Navigator 2.0 in September 1995, but it was renamed JavaScript when it was deployed in the Netscape browser version 2.0B3. Alongside HTML and CSS, it is one of the three essential technologies of World Wide Web content production; the majority of websites employ it.