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Program Languages

  • Plankalkül

    Plankalkül, is a programming language designed for engineering purposes by Konrad Zuse between 1943 and 1945. It was the first high-level programming language to be designed for a computer.
  • Fortran

    Fortran is a general-purpose, procedural, imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing. It was first designed for scientific and engineering applications by John Backus but it has been in computationally intensive areas such as numerical weather prediction, finite element analysis, computational fluid dynamics, computational physics and computational chemistry.

    MATH-MATIC was developed by Charles Katz and was the early programming language for UNIVAC I and UNIVAC II. MATH-MATIC was intended as an improvement over FORTRAN. MATH-MATIC led to the development of the first English-language business data processing compiler, B-0 (FLOW-MATIC).
  • Lisp

    Short for LISt Processing, LISP is a high-level programming used in artificial intelligence research created by John McCarthy.Lisp (historically, LISP) is a family of computer programming languages with a long history and a distinctive, fully parenthesized prefix notation. Originally specified in 1958, Lisp is the second-oldest high-level programming language in widespread use today
  • RPG

    Short for Report Program Generator, RPG is a programming language developed by IBM in the 1960s to simplify coding for business applications.
  • Cobol

    Short for Common Business Oriented Language, COBOL was first appeared in 1959 as Grace Hopper, Bob Bemer, and others began their work in its development. Today COBOL is the second-oldest high-level programming language (FORTRAN being the oldest) and is still in use by many businesses and governments.
  • Basic

    in fullBeginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code, Computer programming language developed by John G. Kemeny and Thomas E. Kurtz (b. 1928) at Dartmouth College in the mid 1960s. One of the simplest high-level languages, with commands similar to English, it can be learned with relative ease even by schoolchildren and novice programmers
  • Logo

    A high-level programming language known for its graphics capabilities, created by Seymour Papert in 1967
  • Pascal

    High-level programming language developed by Niklaus Wirth in 1971 that is named after the Mathematician Blaise Pascal. Below is an example of a Pascal program that prints Hello World!.
  • C

    C is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
  • C

    computer programming language developed in the early 1970s by American computer scientist Dennis M. Ritchie at Bell Laboratories (formerly AT&T Bell Laboratories).
  • ML

    Standard ML (SML) is a general-purpose, modular, functional programming language with compile-time type checking and type inference. It is popular among compiler writers and programming language researchers, as well as in the development of theorem provers.
  • SQL

    Short for Structured Query Language, SQL, originally known as SEQUEL was developed by Dr. Edgar F. Codd at the IBM research center in 1974.
  • Fortran

    Short for FORmula TRANslator, FORTRAN was one of the first programming languages. FORTRAN began being created in 1954 by members of the IBM team, was first introduced to the public October 15, 1956 and is still used today.[]
  • C++

    high-level computer programming language. Developed by Bjarne Stroustrup of Bell Laboratories in the early 1980s, it is based on the traditional C language but with added object-oriented programming and other capabilities. C++, along with Java, has become popular for developing commercial software packages that incorporate multiple interrelated applications.
  • ADA

    Ada is a programming language somewhat similar to Pascal that was selected in a competition and made a U.S. Defense Department standard. Augusta Ada Lovelace (1815-1852), who helped Charles Babbage conceive how programs might run in his mechanical Analytical Engine. She is often considered the first computer programmer.) Ada was originally intended for real-time embedded systems programming .
  • Visual Basic

    Visual Basic
    VB or Visual Basic is a programming language developed by Microsoft with the help of Alan Cooper and was first released in May 1991.[](
  • Python

    Python is an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programming language that was first developed by Guido van Rossum and released in 1991.
  • Delphi

    Embarcadero Delphi is a programming language and software development kit (SDK) for desktop, mobile, web, and console applications.
  • PHP

    Created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994 and publicly released June 8, 1995, PHP, which is short for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor, is a server-side interpreted scripting language.
  • JavaScript

    Originally developed by Brendan Eich and originally known as LiveScript, the programming language JavaScript was renamed in 1995. JavaScript is an interpreted client-side scripting language that allows a web designer the ability to insert code into their web page.
  • Java

    Originally known as oak, Java is a programming language developed by James Gosling and others at Sun Microsystems. It was first introduced to the public in 1995 and is widely used to create Internet applications and other software programs. Today, Java is maintained and owned by Oracle.
  • B

    B is a computer language designed by D. M. Ritchie and K. L. Thompson, for primarily non-numeric applications such as system programming. These typically involve complex logical decision-making, and processing of integers, characters, and bit strings