Programming Languages

By Zemini
  • Plankalkul

    Plankalkül is a programming language designed for engineering purposes by Konrad Zuse between 1942 and 1945 (first appeared in 1948). It was the first high-level programming language to be designed for a computer. Plankalku is not an acronym.
  • Fortran

    Fortran was first seen in 1957 and was designed by John Backus. Fortran is a general-purpose, imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing. Fortran is not an acronym.

    MATH-MATIC is the marketing name for the AT-3 (Algebraic Translator 3) compiler, an early programming language for the UNIVAC I and UNIVAC II. MATH-MATIC was written beginning around 1955 by a team led by Charles Katz under the direction of Grace Hopper. A preliminary manual was produced in 1957 and a final manual the following year. MATH-MATIC is not an acronym.
  • Lisp

    Originally specified in 1958, Lisp is the second-oldest high-level programming language in widespread use today. Only Fortran is older, by one year. Lisp was designed by John McCarthy. Originally Lisp was known as LISP, but neither stood or currently stand for anything.

    COBOL, an acronym for Common Business-Oriented Language, COBOL is a compiled English-like computer programming language designed for business use. COBOL was released in 1989 but it first appeared in 1959 and was designed by Howard Bromberg, Howard Discount, Vernon Reeves, Jean E. Sammet, William Selden, and Gertrude Tierney.
    - (Wikimedia Foundation)
  • RPG

    RPG is one of the few languages created for punched card machines that are still in common use today. This is because the language has evolved considerably over time. It was originally developed by IBM in 1959. RPG is not an acronym.

    BASIC (an acronym for Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is a family of general-purpose, high-level programming languages whose design philosophy emphasizes ease of use. In 1964, John G. Kemeny and Thomas E. Kurtz designed the original BASIC language at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire.
    - (Wikipedia Foundation)
  • Logo

    Logo is an educational programming language, designed in 1967 by Daniel G. Bobrow, Wally Feurzeig, Seymour Papert and Cynthia Solomon. Today the language is remembered mainly for its use of turtle graphics, in which commands for movement and drawing produced line graphics either on screen or with a small robot called a turtle. The name Logo is not an acronym.
  • B

    B is a programming language developed at Bell Labs circa 1969. It is the work of Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie. B was essentially the BCPL system stripped of any component Thompson felt he could do without in order to make it fit within the memory capacity of the minicomputers during that time. Thompson's coworker Dennis Ritchie speculated that the name might be based on Bon, an earlier, but unrelated, programming language that Thompson designed for use on Multics.
    - (Wikimedia Foundation)

    ascal is an imperative and procedural programming language, which Niklaus Wirth designed in 1968–69 and published in 1970, as a small, efficient language intended to encourage good programming practices using structured programming and data structuring. Pascal is not an acronym.
  • C

    C was originally developed by Dennis Ritchie between 1969 and 1973 at Bell Labs, and used to re-implement the Unix operating system. It has since become one of the most widely used programming languages of all time. C is not an acronym for another name, it is simply named C.
    - (Wikimedia Foundation)
  • ML

    ML is a general-purpose functional programming language developed by Robin Milner and others in the early 1970s at the University of Edinburgh, whose syntax is inspired by ISWIM. ML is not an acronym.
  • SQL

    SQL was initially developed at IBM by Donald D. Chamberlin and Raymond F. Boyce in the early 1970s. This version, initially called SEQUEL (Structured English Query Language), was designed to manipulate and retrieve data stored in IBM's original quasi-relational database management system, which a group at IBM San Jose Research Laboratory had developed during the 1970s. The acronym SEQUEL was later changed to SQL because "SEQUEL" was a trademark of the UK-based Hawker Siddeley aircraft company.
  • ADA

    Ada is a modern programming language designed for large, long-lived applications and embedded systems in particular where reliability and efficiency are essential. It was originally developed in the early 1980s by a team led by Dr. Jean Ichbiah at CII-Honeywell-Bull in France. The name “Ada” is not an acronym. It was chosen in honor of Augusta Ada Lovelace who is sometimes said to be the first programmer.
    - (Wikimedia Foundation)
  • Python

    Python was conceived in the late 1980s, and its implementation began in December 1989 by Guido van Rossum at Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI) in the Netherlands as a successor to the ABC language capable of exception handling and interfacing with the operating system Amoeba. Python is not an acronym.
  • Visual Basic

    Visual Basic is a third-generation event-driven programming language and integrated development environment (IDE) from Microsoft for its Component Object Model (COM) programming model first released in 1991. Visual Basic is not an acronym.
  • PHP

    PHP is a server-side scripting language designed primarily for web development but is also used as a general-purpose programming language. Originally created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994, the PHP reference implementation is now produced by The PHP Group. PHP originally stood for Personal Home Page, but it now stands for the recursive acronym PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor.
  • Delphi

    Delphi is a programming language and software development kit (SDK) for desktop, mobile, web, and console applications. Delphi was originally developed by Borland from 1995 to 2008 and was used as a rapid application development tool for Windows as the successor of Turbo Pascal. Delphi is not an abbreviation.
  • Java

    Java was created in 1995 and was created by James Gosling. Java is a general-purpose computer programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.
  • JavaScript

    JavaScript is a high-level, dynamic, untyped, and interpreted programming language. JavaScript was created in 1995 by Brendan Eich. The name JavaScript is not an abbreviation.
  • C++

    The C++ programming language was initially standardized in 1998 as ISO/IEC by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) but was designed by Bjarne Stroustrup. Which was then amended by the C++03, ISO/IEC in 2003. C++ is not an abbreviation for another name.
    - (Wikipedia Foundation)