Computer creative commons

1.2 Timeline Assignment

  • Plankalkul

    Plankalkul is considered to be the first true programming language. It was created by Konrad Zuse and its name means 'Plan Calculus'.
  • Fortran

    Fortran, short for Formula Translation, was developed by John Backus. It was created with the goal of making programming less time consuming.

    This programming language was created by an entire team which was led by Charles Katz, but directed by Grace Hopper. It could perform mathematical formulas.
  • Lisp

    Short for 'List Processing', Lisp is a programming language developed by John McCarthy that is used to create AIs (Artificial Intelligences).

    The Committee on Data Systems and Languages (CODASYL) developed COBOL in the late 50's. Its name is an acronym that stands for Common Business-Oriented Language. It is used primarily by businesses for things like administrative systems.
  • RPG

    RPG (Report Program Generator) is a computer programming language created by IBM that's supposed to be used by businesses.

    John George Kemeny and Tom Kurtzas created BASIC in 1963. Its name is an acronym for Beginner's All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code. BASIC was one of the most successful and widespread programming languages for a long period of time, but it has since fell out of popular use. However, Visual Basic, an updated form of the language created by Microsoft, is still relevant today.
  • LOGO

    This programming language was built from Lisp by a team made up of Seymour Papert, Cynthia Solomon, and Wally Feurzeig. The language's name comes from the Greek word 'logos', which is translated as meaning 'thought' or 'word'. It's meant to be usable for a variety of purposes, but it's primarily associated with 'turtle graphics'.
  • B

    B is a programming language designed from the earlier language, BCPL, by Kenneth Thompson and Dennis Ritchie. It is no longer used today and has been phased out in favor of another language -- C -- that Ritchie also created.

    PASCAL was created to help people learn programming. It was made by Niklaus Wirth and it is named after Blaise Pascal, a French mathematician.
  • C

    C was developed by Dennis Ritchie, who also co-created B. It is essentially an updated, more polished form of B. It is still used to this day. It is used for a wide variety of purposes, including operating systems.
  • ML

    ML, which is an acronym for 'Meta Language', is a programming language based off Lisp. It was created by Robin Millner. It's a type of functional programming language.
  • SQL

    SQL is a computer programming language used to define organizing databases. Its name is an acronym for 'Structured Query Language' and it was developed by Donald Chamberlin.
  • ADA

    ADA was developed by Jean Ichbiah and his team in 1980 and it has been continually updated since, with the current version being ADA 2012. It has been updated over the years. Its named for Ada Lovelace, a woman from the 19th century who is often accredited as being the very first computer programmer. This language is still used today, primarily in aircrafts and spacecrafts.
  • C++

    Bjarne Stroustrup modified C to create C++. This extension of C is widely used today and is still updated fairly regularly. Like C, it can be used for a lot of different purposes, including to create desktop applications.
  • Java

    James Gosling developed Java in 1985. It is mainly used to create things such as web applications and it is still used to this day.
  • Python

    Python is a programming language that was designed to be clearer to read and less messy and/or confusing to work with. It was made by Guido van Rossum.
  • Visual Basic

    Visual Basic is a programming language built off of BASIC (hence its name) by Microsoft. It was designed to be a multi-purpose language that wasn't very hard to learn.
  • Delphi

    Created in 1995 by Embarcadero Technologies, Delphi is a regularly updated event-driven programming language. It has been used to make many different programs and software, including some video games.
  • JavaScript

    Developed by Brendan Eich, JavaScript is a scripting language that is meant to be used to create and design websites.
  • PHP

    PHP is a server-side programming language used for websites created by Rasmus Lerdorf. Its name was initially an acronym for 'Personal Home Page', but now it is an abbreviation for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor.