Programming Languages Timeline

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  • Plankalkul

    Plankalkul was developed by Konrad Zuse. It was designed to be used for engineering purposes.
  • Fortran

    A general purpose language primarily suited for numeric computation and scientific computing. Developed at IBM by John Backus

    MATH-MATIC was developed as an improvement over FORTRAN. It was developed by Charles Katz.
  • Lisp

    Lisp is the second-oldest language still in widespread use. Lisp has been the favored language for artifiicial intelligence research.

    One of the oldest progamming languages, COBOL was mostly designed by Grace Hooper in 1959.
  • RPG

    RPG is a high-level language for business applications. IBM developed RPG in 1959.

    An easy-to-learn language. The original Dartmouth BASIC was developed in 1964 John George Kemeny and Thomas Eugene Kurtz.
  • LOGO

    LOGO is an adaption of the Lisp language. It was developed for educational use.
  • B

    Developed at Bell Labs by Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie. Has been superseded by C.

    PASCAL was developed by Niklaus Wirth. He intended the language to be used to encourage good programming practices.
  • C

    Developed by Dennis Ritchie at AT&T Bell Labs. One of the most widely used progamming languages.
  • ML

    ML was developed by Robin Milner at the University of Edinburgh. It is known for its use of Hindley-Milner interference algorithim, which ensures type safety.
  • SQL

    SQL is a special purpose language designed for managing data in relational database management systems. It was developed at IBM by Donald D. Chamberlin and Raymond F. Boyce.
  • ADA

    Developed by the Department of Defense to supersede all other progarmming languages used by the Department at that time.
  • C++

    Developed at Bell Labs by Bjarne Stroustrup. A intermediate-level language, it is also one of the most popular languages.
  • Delphi

    Delphi is based on Pascal and was developed by Apple Computer and Larry Tesler. The language is most known for being the primary language of Embarcadero Delphi.
  • Python

    Python is a general purpose language that emphasizes readability. It was developed by Guido van Rossum at CWI in the Netherlands.
  • Visual Basic

    Visual Basic was designed by Microsoft. The language is event-driven and relatively easy to use and learn.
  • Javascript

    Javascript is an open source language that is usually implemented as a part of a web browser.
  • Java

    Java is a general purpose language that is designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.
  • PHP

    PHP was developed by Rasmus Lerdorf. It is an open source language for web development.