Programming Languages

  • Plankalkul

    Plankalkul is a German programming language created by Konrad Zuse aimed at engineering purposes.
  • Fortran

    Created by John Backus, this language's name comes from "the IBM mathematical FORmula TRANslating system. It was made specifically for scientific and numerical computation.
  • Lisp

    Lisp is used for mathematical notation and artificial intelligence, and was created by John McCarthy. Its name comes from "LISt Processing."
  • COBOL

    This language was made for business, finance, and administrative systems by Grace Hopper. Its name stands for COmmon Business-Oriented Language.
  • RPG

    RPG is a business application oriented language created by IBM in 1959. RPG stands for Report Program Generator.
  • BASIC

    Created by John G. Kemeny and Thomas E. Kurtz, it was made to enable all students to use computers. It's name is an acronym for "Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code."
  • LOGO

    This language was created by Wally Feurzeig and Seymour Papert to enable "body-syntonic reasoning." It allowed people to control turtles and understand how they worked.
  • B

    This language was developed by Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie. It was a streamlined version of BCPL for minicomputers, and the name is the same.
  • PASCAL

    PASCAL was designed by Niklaus Wirth to be a small and efficient programming language. It was named after the Frenchman Blaise Pascal.
  • C

    Created by Dennis Ritchie, this language is the successor to the B language.
  • ML

    Developed by Robin Milner, ML is a general purpose programming language. Metalanguage is what ML stands for.
  • SQL

    SQL, or Structured Query Language, is a specific language meant for managing a database. This language was made in 1974 by Donald Chamberlin and Raymond Boyce.
  • ADA

    ADA was created by a team led by Jean Ichbiah and was meant to be a universal language for the DoD. ADA is to acknowledge Ada Lovelace, the first programmer.
  • C++

    This language is an improvement upon the C language and was made by Bjarne Stroustrup. The name is to show that it is better than C.
  • Python

    Python is a general purpose coding language aimed at to be easy to read. It allows programmers to use fewer lines of code than other languages, such as C
  • Visual Basic

    Visual Basic was made by Microsoft to be an entry level programming language derived from BASIC.
  • Delphi

    Made by Borland, this language's purpose was to make an integrated development environment for applications. The name is the original codename, and became the official name when another company released a product with a similar name.
  • Java

    Jav is a code that is meant to be universal, in that it will run on all platforms, and was made by James Gosling and Sun Microsystems. The name is derived from java coffee, a beverage that Java's creators drank a lot.
  • Javascript

    Created by Brendan Eich, Javascript is a browser-based language that's meant to work side-by-side with Java, hence the name.
  • PHP

    Made by Rasmus Lerdorf, PHP is a language created for web development, but also used as a general purpose language.