Presidents of the Era

  • Abraham Lincoln

    Abraham Lincoln
    Abraham Lincoln gave two important speeches during the civil war, the Emancipatin Proclamation, and the Gettysburg Address. He also led the northern states to victory during the civil war. He was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth in Ford Theater.
  • Ulysses S. Grant

    Ulysses S. Grant
    First president after the Civil War. One of the most popular men in the North due to his efforts in the Civil War. Involved in the only election in which a candidate died after the popular vote.
  • Rutherford B. Hayes

    Rutherford B. Hayes
    One of the most disputed and controversial presidential elections in American history. 20 votes were uncounted and were in dispute in three southern states: Florida, Louisiana, and South Caroline
  • James A. Garfield

    James A. Garfield
    Only pressing issue was tariffs. Was not running against a returning president so his victory was made easier. Election was viewed as referendum on end of Reconstruction in Southern states carried out by Republicans
  • Grover Cleveland

    Grover Cleveland
    First democrat president after civil war. Received all 36 electoral votes when only 1,047 people out of a total 1,171,312 votes cast in New York. His election ended the longest losing streak for any major political party in American political history.
  • Benjamin Harrison

    Benjamin Harrison
    Principle issue in the election was tariff policy. First president from Indiana. Sided with industrialists and factory workers who wanted high tariffs.
  • William McKinley

    William McKinley
    Ended the old Third Party System and saw advent of Fourth Party System. Primary importance were economic issues, which included bimetallism, gold standard, free silver, and tariffs. Forced coalition which represented businessmen, professionals, skilled factory worker, and prosperous farmers.
  • Theodore Roosevelt

    Theodore Roosevelt
    During the election campaign, Roosevelt called on voters to endorse his "square deal" policies. His opponent made an urgent request for an end to what he called "rule of individual caprice" and "usurpation of authority" be President Roosevelt. He became the first president to assume the office after the death of a president who won his own full term.
  • William Howard Taft

    William Howard Taft
    He was the only president to serve as the Chief Justice. He was a Republican. He swore in another president.
  • Woodrow Wilson

    Woodrow Wilson
    He helped set up the League of Nations. He was a democrat. He had dyslexia as a child.