prenatal testing

  • Period: to

    screening (Ultrasound)

    First trimester ultrasound (6-9 weeks)
    - internal ultrasound, check for implantation location, size and position will be measured to determine gestational age and not required.
    Second trimester (18-22 weeks)
    - Measure fetal anatomy and heart rates, gender of baby, might show developmental concerns that require additional testing.
    3D and 4D ultrasounds
    - Done between 24 and 32 weeks pregnancy, shows more realistic detail of baby and not covered by insurance.
  • Period: to

    screening (genetic counseling)

    You would go before pregnancy if you know that you have a chance of having a child with birth defect. Run bloodwork to look at family genetics and determine risk.
  • Period: to

    screening (Prenatal cell-free DNA cfDNA)

    This screening checks for certain chromosomal abnormalities such as: Down syndrome, Trisomy 18. Trisomy 13 and trisomy 21. DNA collected through eternal blood sample. Done at least 10 weeks pregnant.
  • Period: to

    screening (Maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein MSAFP)

    Done between 14 and 22 weeks pregnancy. Examines levels of alpha-fetoprotein in mom's blood.
    Recommended for women who have family history of birth defects and for women over 35 years old and also For women who have diabetes and who used possible harmful medications or drugs during pregnancy.
  • Period: to

    screening (Glucose Screening)

    Done between 24 and 28 weeks or pregnancy unless risk indicate it needs to be earlier. Measures the level of glucose in the mom's blood. High blood sugar level may be a sign of gestational diabetes.
  • Period: to

    screening (group B strep)

    Done between 36 and 38 weeks pregnant. Common bacteria that live in the body that can cause problems if passed to the baby during delivery
  • Period: to

    Diagnostic (Amniocentesis)

    Testing of amniotic fluid, that contains cells shed by fetus. Done between 15-20 weeks of pregnancy.