Post-Romanticism (1890-1930)

Timeline created by veejay.andres
In Music
  • First modern olympic games in Athens, Greece.

  • Galveston Hurricane

    Death toll of an estimated 6,000 to 8,000 people.
  • Wright Brothers

    Invent the first successful airplane.
  • Expressionism

    Emerged in Germany, all twelve notes were treated equally, atonality was created.
  • Stock Market Crash

    Precipitates the Great Depression.
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    Gabriel Faure

    French composer, teacher, keyboardist, influential in modern tonality; stage works, choral music, vocal and orchestral works, chamber music, piano works.
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    Gustav Mahler

    Austrian composer where some orchestral works represent Maximalism. Known for Lieder.
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    Claude Debussy

    Introduced musical Impressionism in France. Most important French composer of the early 20th century. Composer of Prelude to "The Afternoon of a Faun" (1894) which was based on a tone poem (symphonic poem) by the symbolist Stephane Mallarme's poem.
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    Frederick Delius

    English composer of German descent; stage works, orchestral, choral and chamber music.
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    Richard Strauss

    Composer of tone poems and some of the first modern operas. Works also represent maximalism.
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    Erik Satie

    Not an impressionist, but a leader in new French aesthetics on which impressionism was built; dramatic works, songs, piano works, writings.
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    Arnold Schoenberg

    Inventor of 12-tone music, teacher of Webern and Berg; operas, symphonies, choral and chamber music, canons, piano works, writings.
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    Charles Ives

    American, innovated atonality, original, creative; piano works, symphonies, orchestral sets, choral music, band music, chamber music.
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    Gustav Holst

    English, influenced by folksong and Hindu mysticism; orchestral works, stage works, choral, chamber works, songs.
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    Maurice Ravel

    French composer, innovator in pianistic style; operas, ballets, orchestral, vocal and piano works.
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    Ottorino Respighi

    Italian composer, used impressionism; stage works, concertos, tone poems, vocal and piano works.
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    Igor Stravinsky

    Composed vigorous, repetitive ostinatos in "Rite of Spring" (1913) which demonstrated the musical aspects of Primitivism.
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    Edgard Varese

    French-American; created new musical timbres and modern orchestration techniques in non-tonal music.
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    Anton von Webern

    Known for musical brevity and clarity of texture, uses pointillism; symphonies, orchestral works, chamber and choral music.
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    Alban Berg

    Expressive language, often atonal; opera, orchestral works, concertos, chamber music.
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    Where musical elements, expression, and chromaticism are pushed to the extreme. Music was thick with motives and themes and often used in an orchestra.
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    Chord progression rules were abandoned and all chords were treated equally. Anti-German, French lead, sense of vagueness.
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    Sergei Prokofiev

    Russian, "Peter and the Wolf" (1936); symphonies, concertos, operas, film scores, dramatic music, ballets.
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    Undisguised Avant-Garde

    Boldest expressions against Romanticism. Composers Satie and Faure publicly spoofed the Wagnerian style.
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    Used textures, topics, and forms from the 18th century and combined them with modern harmony, tonality, and timbres.
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    A Western visual art movement that borrowed non-Western subjects, often naive or folk-like in nature.
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    World War I

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    Anti-art movement in which artists and poets reacted against war and the bourgeois in Europe.
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    Emerged from West African cultural and musical expression.
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    A composition style that focused on musical elements other than pitch.