The first cable laid in the ocean from North America to Europe. The cable stretches from Ireland to Newfoundland. This cable makes delivering a message a lot faster, the previous method took around ten days.
Abraham Lincoln elected president
Repbulican candidate Abraham Lincoln is nominated as America
s sixteenth president. He is the first Republican to hold the position.
Abraham Lincoln's Time in Office
South Carolina was the first state to succeed from the union. Florida, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas followed within months.
Russia's Emancipation Proclamation
Tsar Alexander II issues his proclamation emancipating Russia's serfs.
First Inauguration Ceremony
President Lincoln delivers his first Inaugural Address in Washington DC.
Italian Unification under King Victor Emmanuel II.
The Civil War begins
Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina is fired upon by Condeferate soldiers
Creation of the Confederacy
Virginia succeeds the Union followed weeks later by North Carolina, Tenessee, and Arkansas. Eleven states now make up what will be know as the Confederacy.
British Neutral in US Civil War
The British government issues a statement deciding its neutrality from the American Civil War.
First General War Order
Lincoln issues his first general war order which calls for a military movement of his land and sea forces to advance south.
The Federal Homestead Law
President Lincoln gives public land to anyone who will claim and work it for a period of at least five years. This begins the country's great migration west.
Battle of Antietam
Union General George McClellan defeats Confederate General Robert E. Lee in the Battle of Antietam in Maryland.
missing - the bloodiest day in U.S. military history. This is known as being the bloodiest battle in US history.
The final Emancipation Proclamation is issued which calls for all slaves in the southern states or under Confederacy control to be granted freedom.
Great Britian Subway Created
The first underground subway transportation system opens in London.
National Banking System Founded
President Lincoln creates the National Banking System. Several of its purposes for being created was to help with war loans and to establish a national currency.
The "Plongeur"was a French submarine, the first submarine in the world to be propelled by mechanical power.
Battle of Gettsburg
The Confederacy is defeated by Union forces at the Battle of Gettysburg. This was a turning point for the Union Army in the Civil War.
President Lincoln gives his famous Gettysburg Address speech. In it Lincoln discusses the importance of human equality and relates it to the Declaration of Independence and reasons for fighting the Civil War.
President Lincoln calls for 500,000 volunteers for the Union Army
Battle of Atlanta
Union General William Tecumseh Sherman captures Atlanta and with Lincolns approval, he begins his "March to the Sea."
President Lincoln is elected to a second term as president defeating Democrat George McClellan.
Mendel's Principles of Heredity or Mendelian inheritance
Geneticist Gregor Mendel publishes a paper on the laws of inheritance after years of conducting experiments on peas in his garden.
The End of the Civil War
The Confederate General Robert E. Lee officially ends the war by surrendering at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia to Union General Ulysses S. Grant.
His Last Speech
President Lincoln makes his last public speech discussing problems and solutions to the country's reconstruction.
President Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth while attending a play with his wife at Ford's theatre. He is pronounced dead the next morning.
The Periodic Table
Dmitri Mendeleev published his findings on what we now call the Periodic Table of Elements.
Crime and Punishment
Fyodor Dostoyevsky's Crime and Punishment was first published in a Russian literary journal. It is arguably one of the greatest novels of all time.
Dominion of Canada
The Dominion of Canada is created by the British North America Act.