Abraham Lincoln and the Civil War

By Bamber4
  • Clara Barton founded American Red Cross in 1881

    Clara Barton founded American Red Cross in 1881
    Clara help by getting medical supplies. She started to privately funded the nursing operation on the battlefields. Barton had cared for the wounded in the war. Clara Barton was caring for a patient and a bullet went through her sleeve killing the soldier she was taking care of.
  • Lincoln attened a wedding of Nannie Buchnan

  • Lincoln had his own secret train to travel in.

    Lincoln had his own secret train to travel in.
    Linicoln would travel by train from Springfield, IL to Washington D.C. It was the most modern way to travel then. His journey began in Febuary 11, 1861. Lincoln planned a 1,904 mile train ride which would take 12days. But Allan Pinkerton would change Lincoln's plans.
  • Lincoln would be serving as President in 1861.

     Lincoln would be serving as President in 1861.
    The Civil war had begun before Abraham became a President. A maajority of his votes were from the 17states. But none of them from the south. When he was the president-elect from s divided nation had gripped on by the civil war. He couldnt take oath until MArch of 1861.
  • Lincoln wrote many mesages to General Scott for him to listen to Lowe

    Scott had declined Lincoln four times to meet with an aeronaunt. Lowe was going to protest in the Presidents office. Lincoln heard this and escorted the balloonist. He put him into the generals office. This was Lincolns way to get Scotts attention.
  • Lincoln would stand in the White House and see the Conferate Flag flying through the air

    Lincoln would stand in the White House and see the Conferate Flag flying through the air
    Lincoln would stand and look through a telescope to see the Confederate flag. Lincoln also knew that if he didnt act, all of the Confederate soldiers would rally to the flag. He had to push out the Confedrate forces. Lincoln needed to do that so Washington was of the artillery range. He also had to judge the politics of this situation too.
  • Fort Sumter crisis and the attempt to cut off Washington has showed lincoln needed to know the importance of this.

    Lincoln need to know the difficulty of handling the logistics. He had many challenges from assembling a large army. They were cabable of carrying the General Scott's blockade strategy. But it was later changed into the name The Anaconda Plan. It worked by closing Southern Ports and trade off the Confederacy that was from the outside world.
  • The war at sea had 42 ships.

    The war at sea had 42 ships.
    Lots of the Navy Officers had defected the south. It began the blockade with improvised flotilla of merchant and fishing ships. Lincolns secetary of the Navy Giden had proved an effective administrator and a builder. By the end of the war they had 671 ships at sea. Stoping the South's trade was the big focus witht he blockade.
  • The Andaconda Plan was to mock Scott's idea.

    The Andaconda Plan was to mock Scott's idea.
    Lincoln supported this plan. It then became his policy. Also it was for winning the war. Lincoln had issued the Poclamation of Blockade on April 19, 1861
  • The War at Sea

    A month after the war began General Winfield Scott had outlined a strategy. An ecnomic war that would blockade the South's trade. Before Scott prosed the strategy. Lincoln had already acted it out to blockade the south's ports. At the time the U.S Navy had 90 ships.
  • The North's Advantages

    The North had 110,000 factories. THey had twice as much rail roads than the south. Also twice as much farmland too. The north had two-thrids of the people that remained in the Union. They had more resoucres. The north was able to have more people in jobs than the south.
  • Southerns Advantages

    The south had distinct military advantages. Confederates would fight on their own territory. They would get help from local people too. Most of the nations experienced soldiers lived in the south. The southern was very out numbered also.
  • Colonel Elmer Ellsworth's death had touched Lincoln.

    Colonel Elmer Ellsworth's death had touched Lincoln.
    Ellsworth had seen the Confedrate flag flying on the marshmal house. He ran up the stairs and went to the roof. He then ripped the flag. Ellsworth came downstairs and was shot by the inkeeper. Ellswoth was close to Lincoln at the time. Lincoln became very emotional with Esslwroth's death.
  • Lincoln felt that he need to over rule General Scott.

    Lincoln felt that he need to over rule General Scott.
    The President shall be the Comander and Cheif of the armies. None of the Presidents had to fully assume that role. With the distance and the bad comunication it was hard for them. But Lincoln had the telegrapgh and trains to help him. Lincoln also had to educate more on learning war better.
  • Lincoln gave orders to have a telegraph directly in the War Department Building.

    Lincoln gave orders to have a telegraph directly in the War Department Building.
    The war department wasn't far from the white house. Lincoln formed a habit very quickly. He maintained it all through his presdintcy. Lincoln ran war by morse code. He also wrote letters to and from places.
  • President Linocln understood the Army's Officers

    Many of the generals had told Linocln not to send his soldiers yet. The generals said that they were green. Lincoln told them taht if they are green so were the confedrate soldiers. The both of the sides were alike. Lincoln wasn't that thrilled witht what they had to say.
  • June 18, 1861 there was a strange shape in the sky in Washington.

    June 18, 1861 there was a strange shape in the sky in Washington.
  • Battle of Bull Run

    General Irvin Mcdowell had 30,000 men left in Washington. About the same amount had waited at Manassas. Many people were expecting this to end the war. The union troops had anicked. The soldiers and sight seets ran back to washington.
  • Kentucky had declared them neutral

    Kentucky wasn't going to pick sides they said. The Union generals wanted to occupy Kentucky. Lincoln refused that. September 1861 the state of Kentucky had decided to support the North
  • Lincoln had forcefully to hold Maryland and Missouri.

    Missouri decided to go to the south side. The Union supporters had set up their own governemnt. Within the state fighting had broke out. Lincoln had sent troops and the state stayed in the Union during the war.
  • The Ironclads

    The Ironclads
    The C.S.S Virgina and the U.S.S had steamed out of the Elizabeth river. Caption Franklin Buchanan a aggressive officer. The Virginia had demonstrated absolute technical superiority of over the Union ships. The Virginia also attacked at will and detroying the two major combatant ships. Franklin steamed the Virginia back to Norfolk
  • Farragut Sent a Delegation

    Farragut Sent a Delegation
    Farragut had sent out a delegation to accept the surrender of the city. It began to lightly defended local militiamen. The confedrate grip of the Mississppi had loosened but it wasn't completly broken. About 15,000 federal troops were marching upstream. It would almost be 15 months until General Grant would capture the last rebel.
  • Lincoln had changed his mind.

    Lincoln wanted to restore the Union. Even if that ment slavery had to continue. Lincoln realized slavery was important ot the South's was effort. He told his Cabinet about the Emancipation Proclamation. His Cabinet told him to wait until the sucess on the battlefield.
  • The Prisoners of the War.

    The Prisoners of the War.
    The North and the South ahd built prisons. The over crowded prisons became death camps. Almost 10% of the soldiers perished in prisons. Elmira camp was built to hold 5,000 but held 10,000 confederate prisoners. Many as 100 prisoners would die every day
  • The Famous Proclamation

    Lincoln met up with his Cabinet and issued a different proclamation. They called this the Preliminary Proclamation. January 1, 1863 Lincoln finished the Elmancipation Procalmation. The Proclamation didn't apply to parts of the South. It critized and praised.
  • Abraham Lincoln was the unpopular president then.

    The critics called him a stupid baboon and that he was unfit for his office in the Ehite House. Abe had also his supporters during this too. He was also denounced as a bungling amateur. During the civil war Abraham had all these people calling him names because he was an uopular president.
  • Lincoln was best known as the Great Emancipater.

    Abraham was the man who freed the slaves from slavery. His paramount object was to save the Union. He said that in the year of 1862. It wasn't either to save or destroy slavery. When thr war was moving on Abraham's adittude had changed
  • Abraham had two missions that he wanted to accoplish.

    Abe wanted to save the country from the dismemberment. The second thing was to free the country crime and slavery. It took him lots of infinite wisdom and magnitude. It took Abraham in all to accomplish these two missions.
  • The Confederate Victories

    McClellan marched with his 120,000 men toward Richmond. Lee had 75,000 men and blocked McClellan's men. Battle of Chancellorsville was a costly win for theh south. During the battle stone wall Jackson was shot and died a few days later
  • The Divison of the North

    Democrates had blamed Lincoln for forcing the South into war. mThe Northern democrates that opposed were called copperheads. The copperhead were mostly the strangest in Ohio and other states. Others thought the south could secede. Copperheads critized the war.
  • The Battle of Gettysburg

    The Battle of Gettysburg
    Confederate victories had made Lee bolder. His troops marched across Maryland and Pennsylivania. Confedrate soldiers had approched the quiet town of Gettysburg. By that evening the southerns had pushed Union forces through Gettysburg.
  • Frances Clayton

    Frances Clayton
    Clayton was a Minnesota housewife. When her husband was enlidted in the army. She made herself look like a man for the war. She fought by her husbands side. Clayton's husband dies, she movies on. Later she gets wounded in the hip and thats when her gender was discovered.
  • The Draft Laws

    The Draft Laws
    About 300,000 to 550,000 Union and Confederate soldiers left and went home. They returned after their crops were planted or harvested. Wealthy people had their ways of escaping fighting. Both sides hired substitudes. Mobs would destroy proberty.
  • Nursing the Injured

    Nursing the Injured
    Bith the south and the North had few doctors. They were also had few nurses and surgeons. Most of the nurses were female and were untrained volunteers. Dorthea Dox was named superintendent of Union Army Nurses. She took great care of the wounded.
  • Amputating Limbs

    Amputating Limbs
    Soldiers mostly lost arms and legs. Surgeans were busy for many days doing this job. Doctors used antisepsis for it to prevent infection and antibotics to cure but names are unknown. Surgeries mostly consisted of amputating the limbs. Doctor's didn't have every tool to use to removed bullets.
  • The Homeade Navy

    The Homeade Navy
    An unexperienced confederate Nvy officer had been boarded on a new vessel. This new vessel was a subrine called the H.L. Hunley. She was about to kill half her crew. It wasn't going to be the last or th worst disaster. The story of this is pure tragetey.
  • Lincoln had wanted to make it easy for southeners to rejoin the union.

    Abraham has a goal to bind up the wounds of the war. Lincoln had started the thing called the ten percent plan. That would take 10% of the states voters and have them swore an oath of loyalty to the U.S. Many voters could organize a state government with this ten percent plan. The government has to declare a end on slavery.
  • June 18, 1864 there was a strange shape in the sky in Washington.

    June 18, 1864 there was a strange shape in the sky in Washington.
    A giant ball, lighter than air that was named Enterprise. Thadd EVS Sobieski Conotative created this balloon. It had a telegraph cable run through it. That cable was connected to the War Department Building Later his balloon was moved to the white house grounds.
  • Lincoln seemed to not know all details of the crater operation.

    Lincoln seemed to not know all details of the crater operation.
    Lincoln had known General Grant was then the commander of all the Union armies. They were both looking at more parts of the total war. July 1864 the confederates were already on the outskirts of Washington. Grant had sent out many soldiers on a steamboat to rescue. When the Union troops came back they stopped the Confederates and ended all threats.
  • The fall 1864 the battle casualties were wearing down the confedreates.

    The fall 1864 the battle casualties were wearing down the confedreates.
    Few people from the south believed that they would win the war. Confederate leaders thought they would win the political war. People thought defeating Lincoln with the help of the copperheads would help them win the war too. The copperhead was pro-peace and anti-Lincoln. Some copperheads were snakes and other dangerous things.
  • The Peace at Last

    Grant had extened his battle lines. Lee know that Grant would capture the city anytime now. Lincoln had also saw the end of the war too. Lincoln asked the Americans ti forgive and forget. Let us strive together and bind up the nations wounds from the wat Lincoln told them.
  • The Final Days of the War.

    The Final Days of the War.
    Lee's army was in sorrow. His soldiers had retreated west of Richmond. Everyday their number had reduced. April 6 a Union attack was near sailor's creek and needed 6,000 conferate prisoners. Grant was sending couriers to Lee.
  • Union Terms of Surrender

    It was laid out by Grant were very generous. Reflecting president Lincolns vow that the south would have to be into the Union. Lee's officers would be able to keep their weapeans. All the rebel soldiers would have to be paroled. Soldiers could keep their horses to return home and plow their fields and plant their crops.
  • The Surrender at Appomattox

    The Surrender at Appomattox
    Grants troops broke through Confederate lines. By that evening Richmond was in the hands of the Union. Lee'sarmy had retreated to the town of Appomattox court house. Grant had offered to Lee generous surrender terms. Confederates only had to give up wepeans and leave in peace.
  • Lincoln wasn't aware of John Wike Booths actions

    Lincoln wasn't aware of John Wike Booths actions
    Booth was planning on going to assasinate many people including Lincoln. Lincoln was unware of this at the time. On April 14, 1865 Booth was at Fords Theatre. He showed up and waited until the biggest laugh line of the play. Moments then he fired a gun straight to Lincolns head.
  • Abraham Lincoln didn't die until April 15, 1865

    Only days before the war ended he died. Lincoln was the first presidnet to be assassinated. Lincolns casket was shipped on a train. The way he came to Washington. The train made it to Springfield,IL. May 3, 1865 Lincoln was laid to rest.
  • President Abraham Lincoln had accopained Lieutenant General Grant.

    Lincoln was visting Grant to talk about the Strategy. LIncoln and his son Tad walked the streets of the fallen capital. Black virginians surrounded Lincoln. One of them had knel tdown in front of him to bless him. Lincoln said don't kneel down to me kneel down to God.
  • The War's Terrible Toll

    The civil war was the bloodest war the United states has fought. Up to 260,000 confederate soldiers died during war. Alomst half a million were wounded. Many returned home with disfigures for life. The war reunited the nation and put an end to slavery. A century passed before African Americans could get the full meaning of freedom.
  • The Fall of Vicksburg

    The Fall of Vicksburg
    Lee and his shattered army had begun to retreat fron Gettysburg. The south suffered a major blow. Vicksburg had surrenered to General Grant. They were unable to take Vicksburg by the force. After six weeks later Confederate soldiers finnaly gave up.
  • Grant vs Lee

    Grant vs Lee
    Grant's army had hammered at the Confederates. Grant couldn't break through Lee's troops Grant didn't retreat he iinstead continued. About seven weeks of fighting Grant lost 55,000 of his men. The confederates lost 35,000 men. Grant had a steady supply of men but Lee was running out.
  • Economic Strains

    The congress createdthe first income tax in America's history. The Union printed $400 million to help play it's expenes. The blockade prevent the south raising money from their cotton and selling it over seas. Shortages on anything made it more expensive. The Southern food production failed.