Civil War Timeline-Graziano By agraz24 Period: Jan 1, 1860 to Dec 31, 1865 Civil War Timeline-Graziano Apr 3, 1860 Pony Express The Pony Express begins it's first run from Saint Joesph, Missouri to Sacramento, California. May 9, 1860 Constitutional Union Party Former members of the American and Whig parties meet in Baltimore, MD to form the constitutional party. Nov 6, 1860 Lincoln Elected President On this date Abraham Lincoln was elected as the 16th president of the United States. He represeted the Republican party. Dec 20, 1860 South Carolina Secedes On this date South Carolina becomes the first state to secede from the Union. This is one of the starting points of the war and this officialy starts the Confederacy. Dec 24, 1860 Immediate Causes South Carolina issues the Declaration of Immediate Causes, which officially clairifes their secession, Feb 9, 1861 Confederacy Formed The Confederate States of America are officialy formed. Jefferson Davis, former U.S army officer, becomes president. Mar 4, 1861 Lincoln Sworn In President Abraham Lincoln is officialy sworn in as the 16th president of the United States. Apr 12, 1861 Fort Sumter Attacked Confederates open fire on Fort Sumter with 50 cannons in Charleston, South Carolina. The Civil War officially begins. Apr 17, 1861 Virginia Secedes Virginia secedes from the Union followed by Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. This forms an eleven state confederacy with a population of 9 million people. Apr 19, 1861 Proclamation of Blockade President Lincoln issues a proclamation of blockade against Southern ports. This limits the ability for the South to be well supplied. Jan 31, 1862 General War Order No. 1 President Lincoln issues General War Order No. 1 calling for all U.S naval and land forces to advance. Feb 6, 1862 Victory for Grant Gen. Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Henry then Fort Donelson ten days later. Earns nickname "Unconditional Surrender" Grant. Feb 20, 1862 Lincoln's Son Dies President Lincoln is struck with greif when his eleven year old son, William, dies from fever. Most likely caused by drinking polluted water from the White House. Jun 1, 1862 Lee Takes Command Robert. E. Lee assumes command of the Confederate forces. Taking over for the wounded Johnston. Sep 22, 1862 Emancipation Proclamation Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation freeing slaves is issued by President Lincoln. Jan 1, 1863 Final Proclamation Lincoln issues the final Emancipation Proclamation freeing all slaves held in territories by the Confederacy. The war now becomes a struggle for the aboltiion of slavery. Jan 29, 1863 Grant Placed In Command Gen.Grant is placed in command of the Army of the West, with orders to capture Vicksburg. May 10, 1863 "Stonewall" Dies The South suffers a huge blow as Stonewall Jackson dies from his wounds. His last words, "Let us cross over the river and rest under the shade of the trees." Jun 3, 1863 Invasion Gen.Lee commences his second invasion of the North. Heading into Pennsylvania in a campaign that will lead to Gettysburg, Jul 3, 1863 Gettysburg The tide of the war turns as the South are defeated at Gettysburg. The battle lasted 3 days. Mar 9, 1864 Gen.Grant In Command President Lincoln appoints Gen.Grant to command all armies in the United States. Jun 3, 1864 Grant's Mistake A costly mistake by Grant leads to 7,000 Union casulaties in 20 minutes at Cold Harbor in Virginia. Jun 15, 1864 Missed Opportunity Union forces miss an opportunity to capture Petersburg and cut off Confederate rail lines. This begins a nine month seige of Petersburg, Aug 29, 1864 McClellan Nominated Democrats nominate George McClellan to run against Lincoln. Nov 8, 1864 Lincoln Re-Elected Abraham Lincoln is re-elected winning 55 percent of the popular vote. Jan 31, 1865 13th Amendment U.S congress approves the 13th amendment to officially abolish slavery. Feb 3, 1865 Peace Conference A peace conference occurs as President Lincoln meets with Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens at Hampton Roads in Virginia. Mar 4, 1865 Lincoln Inauguration Inauguration ceremonies begin for Lincoln in Washington. Apr 9, 1865 Lee Surrenders Gen. Robert E. Lee surrenders the Confederate army to Ulysees S. Grant. The war ends, celebrations break out in Washington. Apr 15, 1865 Lincoln Dies Lincoln dies at officially 7:22 in the morning after being shot by John Wilkes Booth the night before. Andrew Johnson assumes the presidency.