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Civil War Timeline-Graziano

By agraz24
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    Civil War Timeline-Graziano

  • Pony Express

    Pony Express
    The Pony Express begins it's first run from Saint Joesph, Missouri to Sacramento, California.
  • Constitutional Union Party

    Constitutional Union Party
    Former members of the American and Whig parties meet in Baltimore, MD to form the constitutional party.
  • Lincoln Elected President

    Lincoln Elected President
    On this date Abraham Lincoln was elected as the 16th president of the United States. He represeted the Republican party.
  • South Carolina Secedes

    South Carolina Secedes
    On this date South Carolina becomes the first state to secede from the Union. This is one of the starting points of the war and this officialy starts the Confederacy.
  • Immediate Causes

    Immediate Causes
    South Carolina issues the Declaration of Immediate Causes, which officially clairifes their secession,
  • Confederacy Formed

    Confederacy Formed
    The Confederate States of America are officialy formed. Jefferson Davis, former U.S army officer, becomes president.
  • Lincoln Sworn In

    Lincoln Sworn In
    President Abraham Lincoln is officialy sworn in as the 16th president of the United States.
  • Fort Sumter Attacked

    Fort Sumter Attacked
    Confederates open fire on Fort Sumter with 50 cannons in Charleston, South Carolina. The Civil War officially begins.
  • Virginia Secedes

    Virginia Secedes
    Virginia secedes from the Union followed by Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. This forms an eleven state confederacy with a population of 9 million people.
  • Proclamation of Blockade

    Proclamation of Blockade
    President Lincoln issues a proclamation of blockade against Southern ports. This limits the ability for the South to be well supplied.
  • General War Order No. 1

    General War Order No. 1
    President Lincoln issues General War Order No. 1 calling for all U.S naval and land forces to advance.
  • Victory for Grant

    Victory for Grant
    Gen. Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Henry then Fort Donelson ten days later. Earns nickname "Unconditional Surrender" Grant.
  • Lincoln's Son Dies

    Lincoln's Son Dies
    President Lincoln is struck with greif when his eleven year old son, William, dies from fever. Most likely caused by drinking polluted water from the White House.
  • Lee Takes Command

    Lee Takes Command
    Robert. E. Lee assumes command of the Confederate forces. Taking over for the wounded Johnston.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation freeing slaves is issued by President Lincoln.
  • Final Proclamation

    Final Proclamation
    Lincoln issues the final Emancipation Proclamation freeing all slaves held in territories by the Confederacy. The war now becomes a struggle for the aboltiion of slavery.
  • Grant Placed In Command

    Grant Placed In Command
    Gen.Grant is placed in command of the Army of the West, with orders to capture Vicksburg.
  • "Stonewall" Dies

    "Stonewall" Dies
    The South suffers a huge blow as Stonewall Jackson dies from his wounds. His last words, "Let us cross over the river and rest under the shade of the trees."
  • Invasion

    Gen.Lee commences his second invasion of the North. Heading into Pennsylvania in a campaign that will lead to Gettysburg,
  • Gettysburg

    The tide of the war turns as the South are defeated at Gettysburg. The battle lasted 3 days.
  • Gen.Grant In Command

    Gen.Grant In Command
    President Lincoln appoints Gen.Grant to command all armies in the United States.
  • Grant's Mistake

    Grant's Mistake
    A costly mistake by Grant leads to 7,000 Union casulaties in 20 minutes at Cold Harbor in Virginia.
  • Missed Opportunity

    Missed Opportunity
    Union forces miss an opportunity to capture Petersburg and cut off Confederate rail lines. This begins a nine month seige of Petersburg,
  • McClellan Nominated

    McClellan Nominated
    Democrats nominate George McClellan to run against Lincoln.
  • Lincoln Re-Elected

    Lincoln Re-Elected
    Abraham Lincoln is re-elected winning 55 percent of the popular vote.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    U.S congress approves the 13th amendment to officially abolish slavery.
  • Peace Conference

    Peace Conference
    A peace conference occurs as President Lincoln meets with Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens at Hampton Roads in Virginia.
  • Lincoln Inauguration

    Lincoln Inauguration
    Inauguration ceremonies begin for Lincoln in Washington.
  • Lee Surrenders

    Lee Surrenders
    Gen. Robert E. Lee surrenders the Confederate army to Ulysees S. Grant. The war ends, celebrations break out in Washington.
  • Lincoln Dies

    Lincoln Dies
    Lincoln dies at officially 7:22 in the morning after being shot by John Wilkes Booth the night before. Andrew Johnson assumes the presidency.