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Nurses Who Made a Difference

  • Clara Barton

    Clara Barton
    1843- Barton founded her own school with the cost of attending the school was free.
    1864- Became the superintendent of Union Nurses and began ontaining camp and hospital supplies for her work on the war front.
    1881- She established the American Red Cross and served as its director until her death. Barton was the President of the American National Red Cross for twenty-two years.
  • Dorothea Dix

    Dorothea Dix
    1851- Established the first mental hospital in Illinois
    1861- Became the Superintendent of the Union Army Nurses in the Civil War
    Dix became one of modern nursing's pioneers, pursuing the core value of patients advocacy.
    She founded 32 mental hospitals, 15 schools, and 1 school for the blind.
  • Mary Ann Bickerdyke

    Mary Ann Bickerdyke
    1861- She volunteered to deliver supplies from her church to the soldiers during the American Civil War. While she was there she would express the importance of sanitation to stay healthy.
  • Linda Richards

    Linda Richards
    1873- She became Americas first trained nurse.
    1994- She was named to the National Women’s Hall of Fame
    1886-1891, She served in Japan and opened up Japans first nurses training school.
  • Lillian Wald

    Lillian Wald
    In 1893, she started the Henry Street Settlement in New York City.
    In 1903, Wald was organizing 18 district nursing service centers that overall treated 4,500 patients in New York.
    She also wrote several books about her activities including House on Henry Street in 1915 and Windows on Henry Street in 1934.
  • Isabel Hampton Robb

    Isabel Hampton Robb
    In 1894, wrote the book "Nursing: Its Principles and Practices".
    In 1897, she was the first president Nurses Association Alumnae of the United States and Canada.
    In 1899, she was one of the organizers of International Congress of Nurses.
    In 1908, she was the President of Association of Superintendents of Training Schools (now NLN).
    She was also one of the founders of American Journal of Nursing Company.
  • Mary Adelaide Nutting

    Mary Adelaide Nutting
    She helped found the American Journal of Nursing in 1900.
    In 1934 she was named honorary president of the Florence Nightingale International Foundation, and in 1944 the National League for Nursing Education created the Mary Adelaide Nutting Medal in her honor and awarded the first one to her.
  • Lavinia Dock

    Lavinia Dock
    In 1909, she walked picket lines for shirtwaist strike.
    In 1913, she spoke at ANA convention urging nurses to support union movement.
    In 1910, published "Hygiene & Morality", which called for abolition of the double standard of morality.
  • Mary Eliza Mahoney

    Mary Eliza Mahoney
    In 1909, Mahoney gave the welcome address at the first conference of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. She was the first African American professional nurse.
    NACGN established an award in her name because of her example to nurses.
  • Margaret Sanger

    Margaret Sanger
    1914- She founded the National Birth Control League
    1916- She set up the first birth control clinic in the United States, the following year she was charged with creating a public nuisance. Her many prosecutions led to changes in the law concerning birth control.
  • Annie Goodrich

    Annie Goodrich
    1916- President of the American Nurses Association
    1923- First Dean and professor at Yale University School of Nursing
    1932- First President of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Nursing
    1976- American Nurses Association Hall of Fame Inductee
  • Mary Breckinridge

    Mary Breckinridge
    Established the Frontier Nursing Service (FNS) in 1925, to provide professional health care in the Appalachian Mountains of eastern Kentucky.
    1982, Breckinridge was inducted into the American Nurses Association's Hall of Fame.
  • Virginia Henderson

    Virginia Henderson
    In 1929, she was on a committee to develop a psychiatric nursing course in the curriculum at Eastern State Hospital in Williamsburg, Virginia.
    In 1988, she was honored by the Virginia Nurses Association when the Virginia Historical Nurse Leadership Award was presented to her.
    In 2000, the Virginia Nurses Association recognized Henderson as one of fifty-one Pioneer Nurses in Virginia.
  • Ida V. Moffett

    Ida V. Moffett
    In 1943, she organized Alabama's first unit of the Cadet Nurse Corps.
    In 1961, Moffett received an appointment to the U.S. Surgeon General's Consulting Group on Nursing. The work of this group led to the passage of the federal Nurses Training Act of 1964, which gave more than $287 million for nursing education.
  • Hildegard Peplau

    Hildegard Peplau
    Her book, "Interpersonal Relations in Nursing" was completed in 1948 but was not published till 1952.
    In 1996, the American Academy of Nursing honored Peplau as a "Living Legend".
    In 1997, she received nursing's highest honor, the Christiane Reimann Prize.
    In 1998, the ANA inducted her into its Hall of Fame.
    Also, she was the founder of modern psychiatric nursing.
  • Lillian Holland Harvey

    Lillian Holland Harvey
    1948- She was dean of the Tuskegee Institute's School of Nursing. She helped it to become the first in Alabama to offer a Bachelor of Science degree in nursing.
    2001- She was inducted into the Alabama Nursing Hall of Fame.
  • Dorothea Orem

    Dorothea Orem
    1958- Consultant to the Office of Education where she began working on her Self-Care Theory.
    1959- First published her theory in “Guides for Developing Curricula for the Education of Practical Nurses”.
  • Martha Rogers

    Martha Rogers
    1961- She published “Educational Revolution in Nursing”.
    1970- She published her model of human interaction and nursing process when she published, “An Introduction to the Theoretical Basis of Nursing”.
  • Madeleine Leininger

    Madeleine Leininger
    1974- She created a program called transcultural nursing. She founded the Journal of Transcultural Nursing to support the research of the Transcultural Nursing Society.
  • Jean Watson

    Jean Watson
    In 1979, Jean Watson published “The philosophy and science of caring” which was the foundation of her theory of nursing.
    In 1988, her theory was published in “Nursing: Human Science and Human Care”.