Mt and music banner 0

Musical Theatres

By Alexrb1
  • 500 BCE

    Greek tragedy

    Greek tragedy
    Comedies and tragedies were staged in open-air amphitheatres, accompanied by music and dance.
  • Period: 500 BCE to

    Musical Theatres

  • 240 BCE

    Roman comedies

    Roman comedies
    They included orchestras and used special effects.
  • 600

    Wandering minstrels

    Wandering minstrels
  • Period: 600 to 1492

    Wandering minstrels

    These were travelling entertainers in the Middle Ages who sang songs and performed comedies.
  • 1100

    Troubadores

    Troubadores
  • 1100

    Musical theatres in churches

    Musical theatres in churches
  • Period: 1100 to 1492

    Troubadors and trouvères

    Not-wandering minstrels from the higher classes during the Middle Ages.
  • Period: 1100 to 1300

    Musical theatres in churches

    Churches used musical theatres as religious chants.
  • 1492

    Commedia dell'arte

    Commedia dell'arte
  • Period: 1492 to

    Commedia dell'arte

    An Italian tradition during the Renaissance in which clowns improvised.
  • Molière

    Molière
    He turned several comedies into musical entertainments.
  • Opera becomes popular in the UK, France and Germany

    Opera becomes popular in the UK, France and Germany
    Operas could be funny, romantic, or tragic.
  • William Hallam

    William Hallam
    New York became very important musically, thanks to William Hallam, who sent a company of 12 actors to the colonies.
  • Period: to

    The Golden Age

    It begun with "Oklahoma!" and ended with "Hair".
  • Jacques Offenbach

    Jacques Offenbach
    One of the most important French Operetta composers.
  • Period: to

    French Operetta

    The most important composers were Offenbach and Strauss II.
  • "The Elves"

    "The Elves"
    It was Broadway's first "long-run" record, with 50 performances in total.
  • Arthur Sullivan

    Arthur Sullivan
    One of the most important British comic opera composers.
  • "The Black Crook"

    "The Black Crook"
    It was the first modern musical, which lasted 5 hours, and ran for a record-breaking 474 performances.
  • W. S. Gilbert

    W. S. Gilbert
    One of the most important British comic opera composers.
  • Period: to

    British comic opera

    Styled by W. S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan, it was a family-friendly, popular type of opera.
  • Johann Strauss II.

    Johann Strauss II.
    One of the most important French Operetta composers.
  • Broadway becomes the top musical theatres producer and place to stage them

    Broadway becomes the top musical theatres producer and place to stage them
  • George Edwardes

    George Edwardes
  • Period: to

    Broadway becomes the top musical theatres producer and place to stage them

    Hundreds of musicals were produced and staged in Broadway, with a lot of songs written in New York's Tin Pan Alley.
  • Period: to

    George Edwardes

    He revolutioned the London stage by presenting new musical comedies with snappy, breezy music.
  • "Florodora"

    "Florodora"
  • "A Chinese Honeymoon"

    "A Chinese Honeymoon"
  • Rudolf Friml

    Rudolf Friml
    An important operetta and musicals composer.
  • Irving Berlin

    Irving Berlin
    An important operetta and musicals composer.
  • Sigmund Romberg

    Sigmund Romberg
    An important operetta and musicals composer.
  • Period: to

    Second generation of operetta (and musicals) composers

    Formed by Rudolf Friml, Irving Berlin, Sigmund Romberg, George Gershwin and Noel Coward.
  • Period: to

    The Roaring Twenties

    It was thought that the cinema would repllace musicals. Musicals during this decade used to ignore the plot to focus more and emphasizing actors and actresses as stars.
  • Period: to

    Musical theatres fall

    Due to the Great Depression, this industry was affected because people had no money to go to musicals.
  • "Porgy and Bess"

    "Porgy and Bess"
    Written by Gershwin, it was close to an opera.
  • "Oklahoma!"

    "Oklahoma!"
    It marked the beginning of The Golden Age.
  • "West Side Story"

    "West Side Story"
    It transported Romeo and Juliet to the 1950s' New York.
  • "Milk and Honey"

    "Milk and Honey"
    Jerry Herman's first Broadway production, about the funding of the state of Israel.
  • "Hair"

    "Hair"
    It was the first rock musical, which led to many more. It was very controversial because it contained nudity and opinions about the Vietnam War.
  • "Hello Dolly!"

    "Hello Dolly!"
  • Period: to

    Rock musicals

    Including "Grease", "Jesus Christ Superstar", etc.
  • "Cabaret"

    "Cabaret"
    It explored Nazi Germany.
  • "Jesus Christ Superstar"

    "Jesus Christ Superstar"
  • "Tommy"

    "Tommy"
  • "Chicago"

    "Chicago"
  • "Grease"

    "Grease"
  • "Evita"

    "Evita"
  • "Les Misérables"

    "Les Misérables"
  • Period: to

    Mega-musicals and pop operas

    These operas were influenced by pop, had large casts, and notable special effects.
  • "Cats"

    "Cats"
    Written by Andret Lloyd Webber, and derived from the poems of T. S. Elliot.
  • "The Color Purple"

    "The Color Purple"
  • "The Phantom of the Opera"

    "The Phantom of the Opera"
    It came from a novel.
  • "Hairspray"

    "Hairspray"
  • Period: to

    Disney hits

    Including "Beauty and the Beast", "The Lion King", etc. These were adapted from animated movies.
  • "Beauty and the Beast"

    "Beauty and the Beast"
  • "The Lion King"

    "The Lion King"
  • "The Buddy Holly Story"

    "The Buddy Holly Story"
  • Period: to

    Jukebox musicals

    These are musicals with a small plot made for an already existing hit album or artist/ group (these ones have a larger plot), like "Mamma Mia!" or "We Will Rcok You".
  • "The Lion King"

    "The Lion King"
  • "Mamma Mia!"

    "Mamma Mia!"
    Featuring ABBA's songs.
  • "Movin' Out"

    "Movin' Out"
    Based on the tunes of Billy Joel.
  • "We Will Rock You"

    "We Will Rock You"
    Based on Queen's songs.
  • "Good Vibrations"

    "Good Vibrations"
    Based on the Beach Boys' song.
  • "All shook up"

    "All shook up"
    Based on Elvis Presley's song.